अकबर की शिक्षा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

akabar vishay soochi
akabar ki shiksha
akabar
poora nam jalaluddin muhammad akabar
janm 15 aktoobar san 1542 (lagabhag)
janm bhoomi amarakot, sindh (pakistan)
mrityu tithi 27 aktoobar, san 1605 (umr 63 varsh)
mrityu sthan fatehapur sikari, agara
pita/mata humayoon, mariyam maqani
pati/patni mariyam-uzh-zamani (haraka baee)
sntan jahangir ke alava 5 putr 7 betiyan
shasan kal 27 janavari, 1556 - 27 aktoobar, 1605 ee.
rajyabhishek 14 faravari, 1556 kalanapur ke pas guradasapur
yuddh panipat, haldighati
rajadhani fatehapur sikari agara, dilli
poorvadhikari humayoon
uttaradhikari jahangir
rajagharana mugal
maqabara sikandara, agara
snbndhit lekh mugal kal
akabar apane chacha askari ke yahan kuchh dinon kndhar men aur phir 1545 ee. se kabul men raha. humayoon ki apane chhote bhaiyon se barabar thani hi rahi, isaliye chacha logon ke yahan akabar ki sthiti bndi se kuchh hi achchhi thi. yadyapi sabhi usake sath achchha vyavahar karate the aur shayad dular pyar kuchh zyada hi hota tha. kintu akabar padh likh nahin saka. vah keval sainy shiksha le saka. usaka kafi samay akhet, daud v dvndv, kushti adi men bita tatha shiksha men usaki ruchi nahin rahi. jab tak akabar ath varsh ka hua, janm se lekar ab tak usake sabhi varsh bhari asthirata men nikale the, jisake karan usaki shiksha-diksha ka sahi prabndh nahin ho paya tha. ab humayoon ka dhyan is or bhi gaya.

akshararambh

pratha ke anusar char varsh, char mahine, char din par akabar ka akshararambh hua aur mulla asamuddin ibrahim ko shikshak banane ka saubhagy prapt hua. kuchh dinon ke bad jab path sunane ki bari aee, to vahan kuchh bhi nahin tha. humayoon ne socha, mulla ki beparavahi se ladaka padh nahin raha hai. logon ne bhi jad diya- "mulla ko kabootarabazi ka bahut shauq hai. usane shagird ko bhi kabootaron ke mele men laga diya hai." phir mulla bayajid shikshak hue, lekin koee bhi phal nahin nikala. donon purane mullaon ke sath maulana abdul kadir ke nam ko bhi shamil karake chitthi dali gee. snyog se maulana ka nam nikal aya. kuchh dinon tak vah bhi padhate rahe.

akabar ki mrityu se kuchh samay pahale ka chitr-1605 ee.

kabul men rahate akabar ko kabootarabazi aur kutton ke sath khelane se phursat nahin thi. hindustan men aya, tab bhi vahin raphtar bedhngi rahi. mulla pir muhammad bairam khan ke vakil ko yah kam saunpa gaya. lekin akabar ne to kasam kha li thi ki "bap padhe n ham". kabhi man hota to mulla ke samane kitab lekar baith jata. hijari 863 (1555-56 ee.) men mir abdul latif kajavini ne bhi bhagy pariksha ki. farasi to matribhasha thahari, isalie achchhi sahityik farasi akabar ko bolane-chalane men hi a gee thi. kajabini ke samane divan hafij shuroo kiya, lekin jahan tak aksharon ka sambandh tha, akabar ne apane ko kora hi rakha. mir saiyad ali aur khvaja abdul samad chitrakala ke ustad niyukt kiye ge. akabar ne kabool kiya aur kuchh dinon rekhaen khinchi bhi, lekin kitabon par ankhen gadane men usaki rooh kanp jati thi.

smaran shakti ka dhani

akshar gyan ke abhav se yah samajh lena galat hoga ki akabar ashikshit tha. akhir purane samay men jab lipi ka avishkar nahin hua tha, hamare rishi bhi ankh se nahin, kan se padhate the. isilie gyan ka arth snskrit men shrut hai aur mahagyani ko aj bhi bahushrut kaha jata hai. akabar bahushrut tha. usaki smriti ki sabhi dad dete hain. isalie suni baten use bahut jald yad a jati thin. hafij, roomi adi ki bahut-si kavitaen use yad thin. us samay ki prasiddh kavitaon men shayad hi koee hogi, jo usane suni nahin thi. usake sath bakayada pustak pathi rahate the. farasi ki pustakon ke samajhane men koee dikkat nahin thi, arabi pustakon ke anuvad (farasi) sunata tha. ‘shahanama’ adi pustakon ko sunate vaqt jab akabar ko pata laga ki snskrit men bhi aisi pustaken hain, to vah unako sunane ke lie utsuk ho gaya aur mahabharat, ramayan adi bahut-si pustaken usane apane lie farasi men anuvad karavaeen.

khataranak shauk

‘mahabharat’ ko ‘shahanama’ ke mukabale ka samajhakar vah anuvad karane ke lie itana adhir ho gaya ki snskrit pndit ke anuvad ko sunakar svayn farasi men bolane laga aur lipik use utarane lage. kam phursat ke karan yah kam der tak nahin chala. akabar akshar padhane ki jagah usane apani javani khel-tamashon aur sharirik-manasik sahas ke kamon men lagaee. chiton se hiran ka shikar, kutton ka palana, ghodon aur hathiyon ki daud use bahut pasand thi. kisi se kaboo men n ane vale hathi ko vah sar karata tha aur isake lie jan-boojhakar khatara mol leta tha.


pichhe jaen
akabar ki shiksha
age jaen


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh


varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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