अकबर की राजपूत व धार्मिक नीति  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

akabar vishay soochi
akabar ki rajapoot v dharmik niti
akabar
poora nam jalaluddin muhammad akabar
janm 15 aktoobar san 1542 (lagabhag)
janm bhoomi amarakot, sindh (pakistan)
mrityu tithi 27 aktoobar, san 1605 (umr 63 varsh)
mrityu sthan fatehapur sikari, agara
pita/mata humayoon, mariyam maqani
pati/patni mariyam-uzh-zamani (haraka baee)
sntan jahangir ke alava 5 putr 7 betiyan
shasan kal 27 janavari, 1556 - 27 aktoobar, 1605 ee.
rajyabhishek 14 faravari, 1556 kalanapur ke pas guradasapur
yuddh panipat, haldighati
rajadhani fatehapur sikari agara, dilli
poorvadhikari humayoon
uttaradhikari jahangir
rajagharana mugal
maqabara sikandara, agara
snbndhit lekh mugal kal
akabar ki rajapoot niti usaki gahan soojh-boojh ka parinam thi. akabar rajapooton ki shatruta se adhik unaki mitrata ko mahatv deta tha. akabar ki rajapoot niti daman aur samajhaute par adharit thi. usake dvara apanayi gayi niti par donon pakshon ka hit nirbhar karata tha. akabar ne rajapoot rajaon se dosti kar shreshth evn svamibhakt rajapoot viron ko apani seva men liya, jisase mugal samrajy kafi din tak jivit rah saka. rajapooton ne mugalon se dosti evn vaivahik sambandh sthapit kar apane ko adhik surakshit mahasoos kiya. is tarah akabar ki ek sthayi, shaktishali evn vistrit samrajy ki kalpana ko sakar karane men rajapooton ne mahattvapoorn yogadan diya. akabar ne kuchh rajapoot rajaon jaise- bhagavan das, raja manasinh, birabal evn todaramal ko uchch manasab pradan kiya tha. akabar ne sabhi rajapoot rajaon se svayn ke sikke chalane ka adhikar chhin liya tatha unake rajy men bhi shahi sikkon ka prachalan karavaya.

dharmik niti

akabar pratham samrat tha, jisake dharmik vicharon men kramik vikas dikhayi padata hai. usake is vikas ko tin kalon men vibhajit kiya ja sakata hai-

  • pratham kal (1556-1575 ee.) - is kal men akabar islam dharm ka kattar anuyayi tha. jahan usane islam ki unnati hetu anek masjidon ka nirman karaya, vahin din men panch bar namaz padhana, roze rakhana, mulla maulaviyon ka adar karana, jaise usake mukhy islamik krity the.
  • dvitiy kal (1575-1582 ee.) - akabar ka yah kal dharmik drishti se krantikari kal tha. 1575 ee. men usane fatehapur sikari men ibadatakhane ki sthapana ki. usane 1578 ee. men ibadatakhane ko dharm snsad men badal diya. usane shukravar ko mans khana chhod diya. agast-sitambar, 1579 ee. men mahajar ki ghoshana kar akabar dharmik mamalon men sarvochch nirnayak ban gaya. 'mahajaranama' ka praroop shekh mubarak dvara taiyar kiya gaya tha. ulemaon ne akabar ko ‘imame-adil’ ghoshit kar vivadaspad qanooni mamale par avashyakatanusar nirnay ka adhikar diya.
  • tritiy kal (1582-1605 ee.) - is kal men akabar poornaroopen 'din-e-ilahi' men anurakt ho gaya. islam dharm men usaki nishtha kam ho gayi. har ravivar ki sndhya ko ibadatakhane men vibhinn dharmon ke log ekatr hokar dharmik vishayon par vad-vivad kiya karate the. ibadatakhane ke prarambhik dinon men shekh, pir, ulema hi yahan dharmik varta hetu upasthit hote the, parantu kalantar men any dharmon ke log jaise eesaee, jarathustravadi, hindoo, jain, bauddh, farasi, soofi adi ko ibadatakhane men apane-apane dharm ke patr ko prastut karane ke lie amntrit kiya gaya. ibadatakhane men hone vale dharmik vad vivadon men abul fazal ki mahattvapoorn bhoomika hoti thi.

din-e-ilahi

sabhi dharmon ke sar sngrah ke roop men akabar ne 1582 ee. men din-e-ilahi (tauhid-e-ilahi) ya daivi ekeshvaravad namak dharm ka pravartan kiya tatha use rajakiy dharm ghoshit kar diya. is dharm ka pradhan purohit abul fazal tha. is dharm men diksha prapt karane vala vyakti apani pagadi evn sir ko samrat akabar ke charanon men rakhata tha. samrat use uthakar usake sir par pun: pagadi rakhakar ‘shast’ (apana svaroop) pradan karata tha, jis par ‘alla ho akabar’ khuda rahata tha. is mat ke anuyayi ko apane jivit rahane ke samay hi shraddh bhoj dena hota tha. mans khane par pratibandh tha evn vriddh mahila tatha kam umr ki ladakiyon se vivah karane par poornat: rok thi. mahattvapoorn hindoo rajaon men birabal ne is dharm ko svikar kiya tha. itihasakar smith ne din-e-ilahi par udagar vyakt karate hue kaha hai ki, ‘yah usaki samrajyavadi bhavanaon ka shishu v usaki rajanitik mahatvakankshaon ka ek dharmik jama hai.’ smith ne yah bhi likha hai ki, ‘din-e-ilahi’ akabar ke ahnkar evn nirnkushata ki bhavana ki upaj thi. 1583 ee. men ek naya kailendar ilahi snvath shuroo kiya. akabar par islam dharm ke bad sabase adhik prabhav hindoo dharm ka tha.



pichhe jaen
akabar ki rajapoot v dharmik niti
age jaen


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh


varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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