बहादुर शाह ज़फ़र  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bahadur shah zafar
bahadur shah zafar
poora nam abu zafar sirajuddin mahammad bahadur shah zafar
any nam bahadurashah dvitiy
janm 24 aktoobar sanh 1775
janm bhoomi dilli
mrityu tithi 7 navnbar, 1862
mrityu sthan rngoon, barma
pita/mata akabar shah dvitiy aur lalabaee
pati/patni 4 (asharaf mahal, akhtar mahal, zinat mahal, taj mahal)
rajy sima uttar aur madhy bharat
shasan kal 28 sitnbar 1837 – 14 sitnbar 1857
sha. avadhi 19 varsh
dharmik manyata islam, soofi
poorvadhikari akabar shah dvitiy
uttaradhikari mugal samrajy samapt
vnsh mugal vnsh
any janakari bahadur shah zafar ek kavi, sngitakar v khushanavis the aur rajanitik neta ke bajay saundaryanuragi vyakti adhik the.

bahadur shah zafar (angrezi:Bahadur Shah Zafar, janm:24 aktoobar sanh 1775 ee. - mrityu: 7 navnbar sanh 1862 ee.) mugal samrajy ke antim badashah the. inaka shasanakal 1837-57 tak tha. bahadur shah zafar ek kavi, sngitakar v khushanavis the aur rajanitik neta ke bajay saundaryanuragi vyakti adhik the.

jivan parichay

bahadur shah zafar ka janm 24 aktoobar sanh 1775 ee. ko dilli men hua tha. bahadur shah akabar shah dvitiy aur lalabaee ke doosare putr the. unaki man lalabaee hindoo parivar se thin. 1857 men jab hindustan ki ajadi ki chingari bhadaki to sabhi vidrohi sainikon aur raja-maharajaon ne unhen hindustan ka samrat mana aur unake netritv men angrejon ki eet se eet baja di. angrejon ke khilaf bharatiy sainikon ki bagavat ko dekh bahadur shah japhar ka bhi gussa phoot pada aur unhonne angrejon ko hindustan se khadedane ka ahvan kar dala. bharatiyon ne dilli aur desh ke any hisson men angrejon ko kadi shikast di. apane shasanakal ke adhikansh samay unake pas vastavik satta nahin rahi aur vah angrezon par ashrit rahe. 1857 ee. men svatntrata sngram shuroo hone ke samay bahadur shah 82 varsh ke boodhe the, aur svayn nirnay lene ki kshamata ko kho chuke the. sitambar 1857 ee. men angrezon ne dubara dilli par qabza jama liya aur bahadur shah dvitiy ko giraftar karake un par muqadama chalaya gaya tatha unhen rngoon nirvasit kar diya gaya.

prasiddh urdoo kavi

bahadur shah zafar sirph ek deshabhakt mugal badashah hi nahin balki urdoo ke prasiddh kavi bhi the. unhonne bahut si mashahoor urdoo kavitaen likhin, jinamen se kafi angrejon ke khilaf bagavat ke samay machi uthal-puthal ke dauran kho gee ya nasht ho gee. unake dvara urdoo men likhi gee pnktiyan bhi kafi mashahoor hain-

hindion men boo rahegi jab talak eeman ki.
takht e lndan tak chalegi teg hindustan ki..

hindustan se bahar rngoon men bhi unaki urdoo kavitaon ka jalava jari raha. vahan unhen har vakt hindustan ki fikr rahi. unaki antim ichchha thi ki vah apane jivan ki antim sans hindustan men hi len aur vahin unhen daphanaya jae lekin aisa nahin ho paya.

zafar ki ek kavita

bahadur shah dvitiy

lagata nahin hai ji mera ujade dayar men
kis ki bani hai alam-e-napayedar men
     bulabul ko bagaban se n saiyyad se gila
     kismat men kaid thi likhi fasle bahar men
kah do in hasaraton se kahin aur ja basen
itani jagah kahan hai dil-e-dagadar men
     ik shakh-e-gul pe baith ke bulabul hai shadaman
     kante bichha die hain dil-e-lalazar men
umr-e-daraz mang kar laye the char din
do arazoo men kat gaye do intazar men
     din zindagi ke khatm hue sham ho gee
     phaila ke panv soyenge kunje mazar men
kitana hai badanasib "zafar" dafn ke liye
do gaz zamin bhi n mili koo-e-yar men

nidhan

mulk se angrejon ko bhagane ka sapana lie 7 navnbar 1862 ko unaka nidhan ho gaya. bahadur shah zafar ki mrityu 86 varsh ki avastha men rngoon (vartaman yangoon), barma (vartaman myanmar) men huee thi. unhen rngoon men shvedagon paigoda ke najadik daphanaya gaya. unake daphan sthal ko ab bahadur shah japhar daragah ke nam se jana jata hai. logon ke dil men unake lie kitana samman tha usaka andaja isi bat se lagaya ja sakata hai ki hindustan men jahan kee jagah sadakon ka nam unake nam par rakha gaya hai, vahin pakistan ke lahaur shahar men bhi unake nam par ek sadak ka nam rakha gaya hai. bangladesh ke old dhaka shahar sthit viktoriya park ka nam badalakar bahadur shah japhar park kar diya gaya hai." jis din bahadurashah zafar ka nidhan hua usi din unake do beton aur pote ko bhi giraftar karake goli mar di gee. is prakar badashah babar ne jis mugal vnsh ki sthapana bharat men ki thi, usaka ant ho gaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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