अकबर के नवरत्न  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

akabar vishay soochi
akabar ke navaratn
akabar
poora nam jalaluddin muhammad akabar
janm 15 aktoobar sanh 1542 (lagabhag)[1]
janm bhoomi amarakot, sindh (pakistan)
mrityu tithi 27 aktoobar sanh 1605 (umr 63 varsh)
mrityu sthan fatehapur sikari, agara
pita/mata humayoon, mariyam maqani
pati/patni mariyam-uzh-zamani (haraka baee)
sntan jahangir ke alava 5 putr 7 betiyan
upadhi jalal-ud-din
rajy sima uttar aur madhy bharat
shasan kal 27 janavari, 1556 - 27 aktoobar, 1605
sha. avadhi 49 varsh
rajyabhishek 14 farabari 1556 kalanapur ke pas guradasapur
dharmik manyata naya mazahab banaya din-e-ilahi
yuddh panipat, haldighati
sudhar-parivartan jaziya hataya, rajapooton se vivah snbndh
rajadhani fatehapur sikari agara, dilli
poorvadhikari humayoon
uttaradhikari jahangir
rajagharana mugal
vnsh taimoor aur chngez khan ka vnsh
maqabara sikandara, agara
snbndhit lekh mugal kal

jalaluddin muhammad akabar bharat ka mahanatam mugal shnhashah badashah tha. jisane mugal shakti ka bharatiy upamahadvip ke adhikansh hisson men vistar kiya. akabar ko akabar-ai-azam, shahnshah akabar tatha mahabali shahnshah ke nam se bhi jana jata hai. akabar ke darabar men 9 vishesh darabari the jinhen akabar ke 'navaratn' ke nam se bhi jana jata hai. abulaphazal (1551-1602 ) ne akabar ke kal ko qalamabaddh kiya tha. usane akabaranama aur aina-e-akabari ki bhi rachana ki thi. faizi (1547-1595) abul fazal ka bhaee tha. vah farasi men kavita karata tha. raja akabar ne use apane bete ke ganit shikshak ke pad par niyukt kiya tha. minya tanasen akabar ke darabar men gayak the. vah kavita bhi likha karate the. raja birabal (1528-1583) darabar ke vidooshak aur akabar ke salahakar the. raja todaramal akabar ke vitt mantri the. raja man sinh amber (amer, jayapur) ke kachchhavaha rajapoot raja the. vah akabar ki sena ke pradhan senapati the. abdul rahim khan-e-khana ek kavi the aur akabar ke snrakshak bairam khan ke bete the. haqim humam akabar ke salahakar the. mulla do piaza akabar ke salahakar the. akabar ke darabar ko sushobhit karane vale 9 ratn nimn the-

birabal

navaratnon men sarvadhik prasiddh birabal ka janm kalapi men 1528 ee. men brahman vnsh men hua tha. birabal ke bachapan ka nam 'maheshadas' tha. yah akabar ke bahut hi nazadik tha. usaki chhavi akabar ke darabar men ek kushal vakta, kahanikar evn kavi ki thi. akabar ne usaki yogyata se prabhavit hokar use (birabal) kaviraj evn raja ki upadhi pradan ki, sath hi 2000 ka manasab bhi pradan kiya. birabal pahala evn antim hindoo raja tha, jisane din-e-ilahi dharm ko svikar kiya tha. akabar ne birabal ko nagarakot, kangada evn kalinjar men jagiren pradan ki thin. 1583 ee. men birabal ko nyay vibhag ka sarvochch adhikari banaya gaya. 1586 ee. men yusufajiyon ke vidroh ko dabane ke lie gaye birabal ki hatya kar di gee. abul fazal evn badayoonni ke anusar-akabar ko sabhi amiron se adhik birabal ki mrityu par shok pahuncha tha.

akabaranama ke anusar, akabar ke darabar ka ek drishy

abul fazal

soofi shekh mubarak ke putr abul fazal ka janm 1550 ee. men hua tha. usane mugalakalin shiksha evn sahity men apana bahumooly yogadan diya hai. 20 savaron ke roop men apana jivan arambh karane vale abul fazal ne apane charamotkarsh par 5000 savar ka manasab prapt kiya tha. vah akabar ka mukhy salahakar v sachiv tha. use itihas, darshan evn sahity par paryapt janakari thi. akabar ke din-e-ilahi dharm ka vah mukhy purohit tha. usane akabaranama evn aine akabari jaise mahattvapoorn granthon ki rachana ki thi. 1602 ee. men salim (jahangir) ke nirdesh par dakshin se agara ki or a rahe abul fazal ki raste men bundela saradar ne hatya kar di.

todaramal

uttar pradesh ke ek kshatriy kul men paida hone vale todaramal ne apane jivan ki shuruat sherashah soori ke jahan naukari karake ki thi. 1562 ee. men akabar ki seva men ane ke bad 1572 ee. men use gujarat ka divan banaya gaya tatha bad men 1582 ee. men vah pradhanamntri ban gaya. divan-e-asharaf ke pad par kary karate hue todaramal ne bhoomi ke sambandh men jo sudhar kie, ve ni:sndeh prashnsaniy hain. todaramal ne ek sainik evn sena nayak ke roop men bhi kary kiya. 1589 ee. men todaramal ki mrityu ho gee.

tanasen

sngit samrat tanasen ka janm gvaliyar men hua tha. usake sngit ka prashnsak hone ke nate akabar ne use apane nau ratnon men shamil kiya tha. usane kee ragon ka nirman kiya tha. unake samay men dhrupad gayan shaili ka vikas hua. akabar ne tanasen ko ‘kanthabharanavanivilas’ ki upadhi se sammanit kiya tha. tanasen ki pramukh kritiyan thin-miyan ki todi, miyan ki malhar, miyan ki sarng, darabari kanhada adi. sambhavat: usane islam dharm svikar kar liya tha.

manasinh

amer ke raja bharamal ke pautr manasinh ne akabar ke samrajy vistar men bahut hi mahattvapoorn bhoomika nibhaee thi. manasinh se sambandh hone ke bad akabar ne hinduon ke sath udarata ka vyavahar karate hue jaziya kar ko samapt kar diya. kabul, bihar, bngal adi pradeshon par manasinh ne saphal sainik abhiyan chalaya.

abdurrahim khanakhana

bairam khan ka putr abdurrahim uchch koti ka vidvanh evn kavi tha. usane turki men likhe babaranama ka farasi bhasha men anuvad kiya tha. jahangir abdurrahim ke vyaktitv se sarvadhik prabhavit tha, jo usaka guru bhi tha. rahim ko gujarat pradesh ko jitane ke bad akabar ne khanakhana ki upadhi se sammanit kiya tha.

mulla do pyaza

arab ka rahane vala pyaza humayoon ke samay men bharat aya tha. akabar ke nau ratnon men usaka bhi sthan tha. bhojan men use do pyaz adhik pasand tha. isilie akabar ne use do pyaza ki upadhi pradan ki thi.

haqim humam

yah akabar ke rasoee ghar ka pradhan tha.

faiji

abul fazal ka bada bhaee faizi akabar ke darabar men raj kavi ke pad par asin tha. vah din-e-ilahi dharm ka kattar samarthak tha. 1595 ee. men usaki mrityu ho gee.



pichhe jaen
akabar ke navaratn
age jaen


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. akabaranama |lekhak: shekh abul phajal |anuvadak: daau. mathuralal sharma |prakashak: radha pablikeshan, nee dilli |prishth snkhya: 1 |

snbndhit lekh


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