रहीम  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

rahim vishay soochi
rahim
Rahimdas.jpg
poora nam abdurrahim khanakhana
janm 17 disambar 1556 ee.
janm bhoomi lahaur
mrityu 1627 ee. (umr- 70)
abhibhavak bairam khan
pati/patni mahabanoo begam
sntan shahanavaz, darab, rahamanadad
karm bhoomi dilli
karm-kshetr kavi
mukhy rachanaen rahim ratnavali, rahim vilas, rahiman vinod, rahim 'kavitavali, rahiman chndrika, rahiman shatak
vishay shrringar, niti aur bhakti
bhasha arabi, turki, farasi, snskrit aur hindi
puraskar-upadhi khanakhanan
prasiddhi akabar ke navaratnon men se ek
nagarikata bharatiy
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

rahim athava abdurrahim khanakhana athava abdurrahim khan (angrezi: Rahim athava Abdul Rahim Khan-e-Khana) (‌janm- 17 disambar, 1556; mrityu- 1627) hindi ke prasiddh kavi the. akabar ke darabar men inaka mahattvapoorn sthan tha. rahim akabar ke navaratnon men se ek the. gujarat ke yuddh men shaury pradarshan ke karan akabar ne inhen 'khanakhana' ki upadhi di thi. rahim arabi, turki, farasi, snskrit aur hindi ke achchhe gyata the. inhen jyotish ka bhi gyan tha. rahim ki gyarah rachanaen prasiddh hain. inake kavy men mukhy roop se shrringar, niti aur bhakti ke bhav milate hain. 70 varsh ki umr men 1626 ee. men rahim ka dehant ho gaya.

jivan parichay

abdurrahim khan, khanakhana madhyayugin darabari snskriti ke pratinidhi kavi the. akabari darabar ke hindi kaviyon men inaka mahattvapoorn sthan hai. ye svayn bhi kaviyon ke ashrayadata the. keshav, asakaran, mandan, narahari aur gng jaise kaviyon ne inaki prashnsa ki hai. ye akabar ke abhibhavak bairam khan ke putr the. abdul rahim khanakhana ka janm 17 disambar, 1556 ee. (magh, krishn paksh, guruvar) ko samrat akabar ke prasiddh abhibhavak bairam khan (60 varsh) ke yahan lahaur men hua tha. us samay rahim ke pita bairam khan panipat ke doosare yuddh men hemoo ko harakar babar ke samrajy ki punarsthapana kar rahe the. bairam khan, amir ali shookar beg ke vnsh men se the. jabaki unaki man sulatana begam mevati jamal khan ki doosari patni thin. kavita karana bairam khan ke vnsh ki khanadani parampara thi. babar ki sena men bharti hokar rahim ke pita bairam khan apani svami bhakti aur virata se humayoon ke vishvasapatr ban ge the.

humayoon ki mrityu ke bad bairam khan ne 14 sal ke shahazade akabar ko rajagaddi par baitha diya aur khud usaka snrakshak banakar mugal samrajy ko sthapit kiya tha. lekin vardi khanakhana ke pranadand, darabariyon ki eershya, akabar ki mata hamida bano aur dhay maham anaga ki durabhi sandhi evn babar ki beti gularukh begam ki ladaki seeda begam se shadi tatha amiron ke samane akabar ke roop men upasthit hone ke vikalp ne bairam khan ko sanh 1560 men akabar ke poorn rajy grahan karane se dhire–dhire vidrohi bana diya tha.

pita bairam khan ki hatya

akhirakar harakar akabar ke kahane par bairam khan haj ke lie chal pade. vah gujarat men patan ke prasiddh sahasraling talab men nauka vihar ya nahakar jaise hi nikale, tabhi unake ek purane virodhi - afagan saradar mubarak khan ne dhokhe se unaki pith men chhura bhonkakar unaka vadh kar dala. kuchh bhikhari lash uthakar faqir husamuddin ke maqabare men le ge aur vahin par bairam khan ko dafana diya gaya. 'masare rahimi' grnth men mrityu ka karan sherashah ke putr salim shah ki kashmiri bivi se huee ladaki ko mana gaya hai, jo haj ke lie bairam khan ke sath ja rahi thi. isase afaganiyon ko apani behazzati mahasoos huee aur unhonne hamala karake bairam khan ko samapt kar diya.

lekin yah sambhav nahin lagata, kyonki aisa hone par to rahim ke lie bhi khatara badh jata. us vaqt poorvavarti shasak vnsh ke uttaradhikari ko samapt kar diya jata tha. vah afagani mubarak khan matr bairam khan ka vadh kar hi nahin ruka, balki dere par akraman karake lootamar bhi karane laga. tab svamibhakt baba jamboor aur muhammad amir 'divana' char varshiy rahim ko lekar kisi tarah afagan luteron se bachate hue ahamadabad ja pahunche. char mahine vahan rahakar phir ve agara ki taraf chal pade. akabar ko jab apane snrakshak ki hatya ki khabar mili to usane rahim aur parivar ki hifazat ke lie kuchh logon ko is adesh ke sath vahan bheja ki unhen darabar men le aen.

rahim ko akabar ka snrakshan

badashah akabar ka yah adesh bairam khan ke parivar ko jalaur men mila, jisase kuchh asha bndhi. rahim aur unaki mata parivar ke any sadasyon ke sath sanh 1562 men rajadarabar men pahunche. akabar ne bairam khan ke kuchh dushman darabariyon ke virodh ke bavajood balak rahim ko buddhiman samajhakar usake lalan–palan ka dayitv svayn grahan kar liya. akabar ne rahim ka palan–poshan tatha shiksha-diksha shah­zadon ki tarah shuroo karavaee, jisase das–barah sal ki umr men hi rahim ka vyaktitv akar grahan karane laga. akabar ne shahazadon ko pradan ki jane vali upadhi mirza khan se rahim ko sambodhit karana shuroo kiya.

akabar rahim se bahut adhik prabhavit tha aur unhen adhikansh samay tak apane sath hi rakhata tha. rahim ko aise uttaradayitv poorn kam saunpe jate the, jo kisi ne sikhane vale ko nahin die ja sakate the. parantu un sabhi kamon men 'mirza khan' apani yogyata ke bal par saphal hote the. akabar ne rahim ki shiksha ke lie mulla muhammad amin ko niyukt kiya. rahim ne turki, arabi evn farasi bhasha sikhi. unhonne chhand rachana, kavita karana, ganit, tark shastr aur farasi vyakaran ka gyan prapt kiya. snskrit ka gyan bhi unhen akabar ki shiksha vyavastha se hi mila. kavy rachana, danashilata, rajy snchalan, virata aur dooradarshita adi gun unhen apane man - bap se snskar men mile the. seeda begam unaki doosari man thin. vah bhi kavita karati thin.

rahim shiya aur sunni ke vichar–virodh se shuroo se azad the. inake pita turkaman shiya the aur mata sunni. isake alava rahim ko chhah sal ki umr se hi akabar jaise udar vicharon vale vyakti ka snrakshan prapt hua tha. in sabhi ne milakar rahim men adbhut vikas ki shakti utpann kar di. kishoravastha men hi ve yah samajh ge ki unhen apana vikas apani mehanat, soojhaboojh aur shaury se karana hai. rahim ko akabar ka snrakshan hi nahin, balki pyar bhi mila. rahim bhi unake huqm ka palan karate the, isalie vikas ka rasta khul gaya. akabar ne rahim se angrezi aur phrench bhasha ka bhi gyan prapt karane ko kaha. akabar ke darabar men snskrit ke kee vidvanh the; badaoonni khud unamen se ek tha.

vivah

rahim 'mirza khan' ki karyakushalata, lagan aur yogyata dekhakar akabar ne unako shasak vnsh se sidhe sambaddh karane ka faisala kiya, kyonki aisa karake hi rahim ke dushmanon ka munh band kiya ja sakata tha aur unhen antahpur ki rajaniti se bachaya ja sakata tha. akabar ne apani dhay maham anaga ki putri aur aziz koka ki bahan 'mahabano' se rahim ka nikah kara diya. rahim ka vivah lagabhag solah sal ki umr men kar diya gaya tha. mahabano se rahim ke tin putr aur do putriyan hueen. putron ka nam iriz, darab aur karan akabar ke dvara hi rakha gaya tha. putri jana begam ki shadi shahazada daniyal se sanh 1599 men aur doosari putri ki shadi mir aminuddin se huee. rahim ko saudha jati ki ek ladaki se rahaman dad namak ek putr hua aur ek naukarani se mirza amarulla hue. ek putr haidar quli haidari ki bachapan men hi mrityu ho gee thi.

rahim ka bhagyoday

rahim

rahim ke bhagy ka utkarsh sanh 1573 se shuroo hota hai. jo akabar ke samay sanh 1605 tak chalata raha. isi bich badashah akabar ek bar rahim se naraz bhi ho ge, lekin zyada dinon tak yah narazagi nahin rah saki. sanh 1572 men jab akabar pahali bar gujarat vijay ke lie gaya to 16 varshiy rahim 'mirza khan' usake sath hi the. khan azam ko gujarat ka soobedar niyukt karake badashah akabar laut ae. lekin usake lautate hi khan azam ko gujarati pareshan karane lage. use charon or se nagar men gher liya gaya. yah samachar pakar badashah akabar sanh 1573 men 11 dinon men hi sabaramati nadi ke kinare pahunch gaya. rahim 'mirza khan' ko akabar ke netritv men madhy kaman ka karyabhar saunpa gaya. mirza khan ne badi bahaduri se yuddh karake dushman ko parast kiya. yah unaka pahala yuddh tha.

akabar ke sath hi rahim laut ae. kuchh vaqt bad mirza khan ko rana pratap, jo un dinon dakshini pahadiyon ke durgam jngal men the, se ladane ke lie raja manasinh aur bhagavan das ke sath bheja gaya. anshik saphalata ke bad bhi jab rana pratap aparajit rahe to shahavaz khan ke netritv men punah sena bheji gee. isamen bhi rahim 'mirza khan' shamil the jinhonne 4 aprail, 1578 ko dobara akraman kiya. abhi tak rahim prasiddh senanayakon ke netritv men yuddh ka anubhav prapt kar rahe the.

rahim mirza khan ko zimmedari ka pahala svatntr pad sanh 1580 men prapt hua. phir akabar ne unhen mir arz ke pad par niyukt kiya. isake bad sanh 1583 men unhen shahazada salim ka ataliq (shikshak) bana diya gaya. rahim ko ise niyukti se bahut khushi hasil huee. unhonne is upalakshy men logon ko ek shanadar davat di, jisamen khud badashah akabar bhi maujood tha. mirza khan aur unaki patni mahabano ko badashah ne upaharon se sammanit kiya.

rahim abhi is dayitv ka nirvah kar hi rahe the ki unhen khabar mili ki agare ke qile se bhage hue qaidi muzaffar khan ne kathiyon adi ke sath milakar phir sena taiyar karani shuroo kar di hai. bairam khan ka dushman shahabuddin us vaqt gujarat ka soobedar tha. vah akabar ka hukm nahin man raha tha. akabar ko is bat ka shak tha ki vah vishvasaghat kar raha hai.

gujarat ki soobedari

akabar ke shasanakal men sanh 1580 se sanh 1583 tak kathin samay tha, kyonki usake darabar ke amir usake khilaf sazish rach rahe the aur dakshin men sthiti viparit thi. aise vaqt men akabar ne rahim 'mirza khan' ko gujarat ki soobedari dekar dushman ko parajit karane ke lie bheja. udhar muzaffar khan ne etamad khan ko harakar ahamadabad par adhikar kar liya tha. sath hi prapt khazane se 40,000 sena khadi kar li thi.

badashah akabar ne 22 sitnbar, 1583 ko fatehapur sikari ke rajapooton aur bada ke saiyadon tatha pathan sainikon ke sath rahim ko vida kiya. rahim in bahadur sainikon sahit drutagati se age badhate hue miratha pahunche, jahan unhen muzaffar khan ke dvara kutubuddin ki hatya aur bhadauch par adhikar ka samachar mila. rahim apane sath ke logon se yah khabar chhipae tezi se age badhate hue sirohi ja pahunche, jahan nizamuddin unaki agavani men khade the. isase unhen navinatam sthiti ka pata chala. 31 disambar ko vah patan pahunche aur ek din rukakar mugal adhikariyon ki goshthi men vichar–vimarsh kiya. logon ne rahim ko malava sena ki pratiksha karane ki salah di lekin vishvasaniy mitron munshi daulat khan lodi ne kaha ki yahi uchit avasar hai. ve akraman karake 'khanakhana' ki upadhi prapt karen, kyonki yah upadhi unake pita ko bhi mili thi. rahim ko mir munshi daulat khan lodi ki bat jnchi. ve akraman karane ke lie chal pade. 12 janavari, 1584 ko unhonne ahamadabad se 6 mil door sarakhej ganv ke nikat sabaramati nadi ke baen kinare par pahunchakar dera dal diya. muzaffar khan ki sena ka padav nadi ke us par tha. usake pas 40,000 sena thi jabaki rahim ke pas matr 10,000 sena thi. aisi halat men nadi par karana bahut hi khataranak siddh ho sakata tha.

in halat ka samana rahim ne jis manauvaigyanik paddhati se kiya, vah yuddh vigyan ke kshetr men mahattvapoorn mani jati hai. rahim ne padadhikariyon ko ek patr padhakar sunaya ki badashah ek vishal sena lekar khud a rahe hain aur unake ane tak akraman n kiya jae. isase amiron ka manobal badha. ve senapati ke adeshon ka palan karane men lag ge. dushmanon ko jab apane jasooson se pata chala ki badashah khud a rahe hain to 16 janavari ko nadi par karake muzaffar khan ne jaldabazi ke sath akraman kar diya.

apani rananiti ke anusar rahim 300 chune hue viron aur 100 vishalakay hathiyon ke sath sena ke madhy men rahate hue yuddh bhoomi men utare. rajapooton aur saiyadon ne is yuddh men badi virata ka pradarshan kiya. charon taraf mrityu ka tandav tha. donon pakshon ko jab muzaffar khan ne guttham–guttha dekha to sat hazar sainikon ke sath madhy bhag ki or badha. mugal sainik vishal sena ko madhy bhag ki taraf ata dekh yuddh sthal se bhagane lage. aisi sthiti men rahim ne hathiyon ki sena age karane ki yuddhaniti apanaee. gajarajon dvara kuchale jane se shatru paksh men trahi–trahi mach gee. jab tak ve sambhalate, tab tak nizamuddin ne pichhe se aur ray durg sisaudiya ne baeen taraf se akraman kar diya.

kndhar par akraman

rahim khanakhana jaunapur men mushkil se ek varsh rahe honge ki 4 janavari, 1590 ko badashah akabar ne vishal sena ke sath unhen kndhar vijay ke lie bhej diya. kharch adi ke lie mulatan aur bhakkar jagir ke roop men pradan kiya. rahim ne raste men hi baloochiyon ko parajit karane ka faisala kiya. lekin unhonne kndhar jitane ke pahale sindh ke shasak jani beg, jo muzaffar khan se zyada chalak aur samarik drishti se sampann tha, ko parajit karana zaroori samajha. isake lie khanakhana ne badashah se izazat mangi jo unhen tatkal mil gee.

rahim upajaoo aur sampann prant par adhikar karake sainikon ki zarooraten poori karana chahate the. ve abhi mulatan se kuchh hi mil door the ki baloochi saradaron ne samoohik roop se khanakhana ki seva men hazir hokar akabar ke prati apani svamibhakti pradarshit ki aur sindh ki vijay men sahayog ka poora ashvasan diya.

yah bat jab jani beg ko pata chali to usane khusaro ke netritv men 120 sashastr navon, jinamen dhanurdhar sainik, bandook chalane vale evn 200 yuddh topen thin, ko jalamarg se aur do tukadiyon ko nadi ke kinaron se bheja. khanakhana ne jis qile ke pas dera dala tha, vah sthan nadi se kafi oonchaee par dhalua baluee zamin par sthit tha. atah nadi se nikalakar akraman karana mushkil tha. 31 aktoobar, 1591 ko shatru–dal dhara ke viparit age badhata dikhaee pada. ab yuddh anivary ho gaya tha. yah bhayanak yuddh 24 ghante ke bad tab band hua jab khusaron harakar bhag gaya. lekin jani beg isase hatotsahit nahin hua aur buhari qile men apana dera dale pada raha, kyonki yah sthal surakshit tha.

khanakhana ki upadhi

aisa hone se dushmanon ne yah samajha ki ek taraf se akabar aur doosari taraf se malava ki sena ne ek sath akraman kar diya hai. ve tatkal maidan chhodakar bhagane lage. parinamatah muzaffar khan ko bhi vahan se bhagakar apani jan bachani padi. is vijay se rahim 'mirza khan' ki bahaduri ki dhak jam gee aur unake darabari dushmanon ke munh band ho ge. isi ke sath rahim ko 'khanakhana' ki upadhi tatha kee jagiron se sammanit kiya gaya.

san 1589 men jab badashah akabar apane parivar ke sath kashmir aur kabul ghati ki yatra par gaya to rahim khanakhana bhi usake sath the. rahim ne avakash ke dinon men babar ki atmakatha tazuke babari ka turki se farasi men anuvad kiya. phir 24 navambar, 1589 ko jab badashah yatra se laut rahe the to unhonne yah anuvad unhen rasten men hi bhent kiya.

akabar ne rahim ki sahityik kriti se prasann hokar raja todaramal ki mrityu se rikt samrajy ke vakil ke pad par unhen adhishthit kar diya. rahim ke pita bairam khan bhi samrajy ke vakil the. yadyapi us samay tak is pad ke adhakar kuchh kam ho ge the, lekin badashah aur shahazadon ke adhikaron ke bad yahi sarvochch pad tha. rahim ko jaunapur ka sooba jagir ke roop men pradan kiya gaya. unhen avakash ke dinon men darabar men ane vale kaviyon adi ko dan dena padata tha. isake alava samrajy ke sarvashreshth amir ke kharche bhi adhik the. rahim ko pratishtha, kul ki maryada aur an–ban ke anusar kharch karana padata tha, is vajah se unaki arthik sthiti kamazor hone lagi thi.

khanakhana ki yuddhaniti

rahim khanakhana ke sainikon ko ab kafi pareshaniyan uthani padin. do mahine ghera dalane ke bad bhi unhen saphalata nahin mili. jani beg ke chhapamar sainik qile se nikalakar mugalon ko pareshan karate aur khady samagri loot lete the. jab khadyann ki kami ho gee to khanakhana ne badashah se madad mangi. badashah ne dhaee lakh rupaye, anaj aur topon se saji kuchh naukaen bhejin. lekin jab isase bhi samasya hal nahin huee to unhonne jani beg ke rasad apoorti ke sroton par adhikar karana zaroori samajha. unhonne mugal sainikon ke panch daston ki sahayata se shatru ke rasad apoorti thikanon par qabza kar liya. isase khanakhana ke sainikon ko khady samagri ki poorti sambhav ho saki.

tatpashchath khanakhana ne apani yuddhaniti ke anusar akraman karake buhari qile ko dhvast kar diya. shatruon ne jamakar sngharsh kiya, lekin antatah parajit hue. jani beg ne yuddh bhoomi se bhagakar uranapur men sharan li. khanakhana ne is bar qile ki gherabandi karane men chook nahin ki. yah ghera ek mah tak chalata raha. itane men barish shuroo ho gee. lagatar barish ke karan tin taraf se nadi ka jal tatha ek taraf mugalon ki gherabandi se jani beg ki khady apoorti lagabhag samapt ho gee. nadi se samagri pahunchana mugalon ke qabze ke karan asambhav tha. topon ki golabari se bhitar rahana mushkil ho gaya tha. log oont adi khane lage the. jani beg ke sainik bhookh se vyakul hokar khanakhana ki sharan men ane lage. khanakhana ki udarata ke phalasvaroop anek sindhi to mugal sena men shamil ho ge.

sindh par vijay

akhir men jani beg ne apane dooton se kahalavaya ki allah ke nam par apane hi dharm ke logon ki hatya rok den. khanakhana ne dooton ka svagat kiya aur yah sandhi prastav svikrit kiya ki sehavan durg evn bis yuddhapot mugalon ko de die jaen. jani beg apani putri ka vivah iriz se karen tatha sindh ke shasak rajadarabar men upasthit hokar badashah ki adhinata svikar kar len. sandhi hone ke bad sainik–ghera utha liya gaya. jani beg ne tin mah ka vaqt manga taki vah thatta jakar apani rajadhani lahaur le chalane ka prabandh kar sake.

sehavan durg ki chabi khanakhana ke vahan par pahunchane par durgapal ke dvara pradan kar di gee. tin mahine ka vaqt samapt hone par bhi jab jani beg nahin aya to khanakhana ne thatta ki taraf prasthan kiya. jani beg rajadhani se nikalakar fatehabad men dera dale purtagali sena ke ane ka intazar kar raha tha. mugal sena fatehabad pahunch gee. tab jani beg ne age badhakar khanakhana ka svagat kiya. usaki dhoortata tatha bahanebazi nahin chal paee. khanakhana ne mugalon ko usaki mitrata ka vishvas dilane ke lie usase jahazi beda samarpit karane ko kaha.

jani beg ke pas do hi raste the- giraftari ya adhinata. usane apana jahazi beda jo ki usaki ridh tha, mugalon ko de diya. sindh par vijay prapt karake khanakhana thatta chale ge. vahan se prasthan karate samay apani sari samagri jo unake pas thi, apane amiron aur karmachariyon men vitarit kar di. ve fatehabad men lautakar ae hi the ki unhen parajit shatru ke sath darabar men upasthit hone ka shahi adesh mila. khanakhana jani beg ke sath avilamb vahan se chalakar darabar men hazir hue. isase unaki agyakarita par badashah akabar bahut khush hua.

dakshin ko prasthan

sindh par vijay ke bad khanakhana darabar men 6 mah hi rah pae the ki badashah ne unhen dakshin ki or prasthan karane ko kaha. khanakhana malava ke marg se dakshin ko ravana hue. kuchh din bhilasa men rahakar 19 julaee, 1594 ko dakshin ki or sidhe n jakar ve ujjain ke raste se chal pade. ve akraman ke pahale dakshin ke dvar par sthit khanadesh par bhi adhikar karana chahate the. shahazada murad rahim ka intazar kar raha tha. khanakhana ki deri use pasand nahin thi. darabari aur amir khanakhana ke viruddh murad ke kan bhar rahe the. khanakhana ka yah kary unaki dooradarshita aur kootaniti kaushal ka praman tha. parantu shahazada naraz hota gaya aur usane joon, 1565 men ahamadanagar ki or prasthan kar diya.

mugalon, rajapooton, saiyadon aur khanadesh ki sammilit sena ke sath khanakhana ne shahapur se chalakar pathari se 12 kos door godavari ke tat par asthi namak sthan par dera dal diya. nadi ke doosare kinare par chandabibi ke rashtr jagaran ke phalasvaroop adil shahi, kutub shahi, nizam shahi aur bidar shahi ki snyukt senaen vir yoddha suhel khan ke netritv men dera dale hue thin. poore pandrah dinon tak donon hi godavari nadi ke tat ke ar par ek doosare ke akraman ka intazar karate rahe. jab khanakhana ko dakshiniyon ki shakti ka anuman ho gaya to unhonne apane sathiyon raja ali khan aur shaharukh ke sath 26 janavari, 1597 ko nadi par karake dakshin ki sena par akraman kar diya.

rahim khanakhana ki giraftari

dakshin ke is abhiyan se sntusht hokar shahazada khurram khanadesh, barar aur ahamadanagar ki soobedari khanakhana ko dekar apane pita se milane mandoo chala gaya. badashah ne khurram ko shahajahan ki upadhi di tatha sinhasan se uthakar usaka svagat kiya. malik ambar apani adat ke anusar adhik dinon tak adhin nahin rah sakata tha. usane sandhi tod di aur mugal thanedaron par hamala kar diya. ye khanakhana ki vipatti ke din the. damad shahanavaz khan ki adhik madirapan ke karan mrityu ho gee aur rahim ka putr rahaman dad bhi chal basa. darab ko balaghat se balapur aur vahan se sanh 1620 men burahanapur khaded diya gaya. burahanapur men darab aur khanakhana donon hi giraftar kar lie ge. phir tabhi mukt hue jab shahajahan vahan par aya. is prakar sanh 1620 se 1626 tak ka samay rahim ke rajanitik jivan ka hras kal raha. samrat akabar ke shasan kal men unaki ganana akabar ke nau ratnon men hoti thi. jahangir ke rajagaddi par baithane par rahim ne aksar jahangir ki nitiyon ka virodh kiya. isake phalasvaroop jahangir ki drishti badali aur unhen qaid kar diya. unaki upadhiyan aur pad zabt kar lie ge. sanh 1625 men rahim ne darabar men jahangir ke samane upasthit hokar mafi mangi aur vafadari ka pran kiya. badashah jahangir ne n sirf unhen maf kar diya balki lakhon rupaye die, upadhiyan aur pad lauta die. jahangir ki is kripa se abhibhoot hokar rahim ne apani qabr ke patthar par yah doha khudavane ki vasiyat ki—

mara lutphe jahangir, je haee dhate rabbani.
do varah zindagi dad, do varah khanakhani..
arthath eeshvar ki sahayata aur jahangir ki daya se do bar zindagi aur do bar khanakhana ki upadhi mili.

vyapak narasnhar

bhayanak sngharsh ke bad kutub shahi aur nizam shahi sainik mugalon ki mar se bhagane lage. tab sena ke madhy bhag men suhel khan ne poori shakti ke sath mugalon par akraman kar diya. mar–kat se darakar mugal sainik yuddh sthal se 30 mil door shahapur bhag ge. suhel khan ke sainikon ne jab madhy bhag par akraman kiya to topon ke sidhe akraman se bachane ke lie vah vahan se hat gaya, parantu raja alikhan bich men a gaya. vyapak nar snhar ke bad andhera ho jane ke karan donon pakshon ne ek doosare ki har ka anuman lagakar vahan se bhag ge. pratah kal jab mugal sainik nadi par pani lene ge to suhel khan ne 25000 ghudasavar sena ke sath akraman kar diya.

khanakhana ke pas is samay kul 7000 sainik the. tinon senaon ke mahattvapoorn sainik mare ge the. kaha jata hai ki daulatakhan lodi (jise aziz koka ne rahim ko diya tha aur kaha tha ki isaki seva karo, khanakhana ban jaoge) us samay senapati khanakhana ka mukhy rakshak tha. usane suhel khan dvara hathiyon aur topon ko age badhaya jate dekhakar khanakhana se kaha, "hamare pas 600 ghudasavar hain. phir bhi main shatru ke kendr par akraman karoonga."

senapati khanakhana ne kaha, "kya tumhen dilli ka smaran nahin hai." daulat khan ne uttar diya, "agar ham in vishamataon se surakshit rah ge to saikadon dilliyan dhoondh lenge." badaha ke saiyad yah vartalap sun rahe the. ve daulatakhan lodi se bole, "jab kuchh nahin bacha hai sivay mrityu ke to aie, ham sab hindustaniyon ki tarah laden. lekin ap khanakhana se yah poochhie ki vah kya chahate hain."

daulatakhan lodi ne ghoomakar khanakhana se kaha, "hamare samane vishal sena khadi hai. vijay allah ke hath men hai. kripaya yah bataie ki agar ap har ge to ham log apako kahan par paenge." khanakhana ne kaha, "lashon ke niche." phir daulat khan aur saiyadon ne adilashahi sena ke madhy bhag par sidhe akraman kar diya. is yuddh men shatru parajit hue aur suhel khan behosh hokar maidan men gir pada, jise bad men dakshini uthakar bhag ge.

vipattiyon ke badal

kaha jata hai ki khanakhana ne us din 75 lakh rupaye bant die. is mahanh vijay ke bad bhi khanakhana aur shahazada murad men matabhed badhate ge. shahazade ke kahane par khanakhana ko vapas bula liya gaya. yah rahim ke du:kh ka samay tha. unaka snrakshak aur badashah unase naraz tha hi, isi bich unaka sabase priy putr haidar quli jalakar mar gaya. lahaur se lautate samay ambala men mahabano adhik bimar ho geen. vah putr ki mrityu nahin jhel sakin aur ambala men hi sanh 1598 men unaki mrityu ho gee. dakshin se lautane par khanakhana keval sal bhar darabar men rahe. yah samay unake dukh, apaman aur santap ka tha. 29 aktoobar, 1599 ko badashah akabar ne shahazada daniyal ko dakshin men niyukt karake rahim ko usaka abhibhavak bana diya. sath hi dakshin kaman ka senapati pad dekar ahamadanagar ka qila fatah karane ke lie bheja. daniyal aur rahim ahamadanagar qile ka char mah char din tak ghera dale rahe. chandabibi ne jab sandhi karani chahi to habshiyon ne unhen mar dala aur ibrahim ke putr bahadur ko ni­zam banakar yuddh ke lie taiyar ho ge. 16 agast, 1600 ko qile ki divar uda di gee aur habshiyon ki parajay huee. rahim khanakhana bahadur ke sath darabar men laut ae. bahadur ko gvaliyar ke qile men jivan bhar ke lie qaid kar diya gaya. khanakhana ne apani putri ka vivah daniyal se kar diya. aprail, 1601 men khanakhana ahamadanagar qile ko durust karane tatha shah ali (jise malik ambar aur rajoo dakshini ne nizam shah banakar gaddi par baithaya tha) ko dabav rakhane ke lie jab vahan par pahunche to mugalon ke apasi vaimanasy evn dakshiniyon ki ekata se paristhiti badali huee thi.

damad daniyal ki mrityu

habshi malik ambar apani pratibha, sahas aur virata se saradar ban chuka tha. usaki pratishtha bhi adhik thi. usi prakar rajoo dakshini bhi prabhavashali tha. rahim khanakhana ke netritv men malik ambar ko do bar 16 mee, 1601 ko majera men abdul rahaman ne aur 1602 men nander men khanakhana ke putr iriz ne haraya. isase khanakhana ki pratishtha badh gee. isi bich damad shahazada daniyal ki sanh 1604 men mrityu ho gee. rahim bitiya jana begam se bahut pyar karate the. usane vidhava ka jivan vyatit kiya jo rahim ke lie bahut hi hriday vidarak tha. rahim is du:kh se ubar nahin pae the ki unake snrakshak mahanh samrat akabar sanh 1605 men paralok sidhar ge.

jahangir se bhent

akabar ki mrityu ke bad rahim badashah jahangir se milane ke lie chittiyan likhate rahe. antatah unhen darabar men upasthit hone ki anumati mil gee. sanh 1608 men khanakhana bahumooly upaharon ke sath darabar men atyant ullas ke sath upasthit hue. vah us samay bahut hi bhavuk ho uthe the. unhen yah bhi bhan n raha ki ve sir ke bal chal kar ae hain ya pair se. vihvalata se unhonne apane ko badashah jahangir ke pairon men dal diya, lekin jahangir ne dayaluta se unhen uthakar apani chhati se laga liya. phir unaka mukh chooma.

khanakhana ne jahangir ko motiyon ke do har, kee hire evn manik bhent kie, jinaka mooly tin lakh rupaye tha. isake atirikt kee any vastuen bhi bhent kin. badashah jahangir ne vishisht ghode aur 20 hathi pradan karake unhen sammanit kiya. khanakhana tin mahine tin din darabar men rahakar do varsh men dakshin vijay ka ashvasan dekar yathesht sahayata lekar dakshin ki or chale ge. khanakhana ghanaghor barasat men shahazada khurram ke sath burahanapur se balaghat ki or badh chale. parantu mugal saradaron ke bich asahamati ke karan unaki yuddhaniti asaphal ho gee. malik ambar ne samane yuddh n karake chhapamar ladaee ladi. mugal sena ki rasad samagri samapt hone lagi. hathi–ghode marane lage. khanakhana ke mitr bhi unake shatru ho ge. phalatah unhen malik ambar se jahangir ki pratishtha ke anukool sandhi karani padi.

in sabase badashah jahangir bahut hi naraz hua. usane khan-e-jahan lodi ko rahim ka uttaradhikari banakar bheja. sath hi sath unake purane shatru mahavat khan ko parajit senapati ko darabar men lane ka kam saunpa. mahavat khan ke sath jab khanakhana laute to unhen agara shahar men pravesh nahin karane diya gaya. jab badashah mila bhi to usane rahim ki or dhyan nahin diya. rahim ke putron - iriz aur darab ko samrajy ki prashnsaniy sevaon ke lie upadhiyon evn paritoshakon se sammanit kiya gaya. darab ko jagir ke roop men gazipur pradan kiya gaya. is vipatti men khanakhana ke mitron ne unaka sath chhod diya. kafi samay ve chintit avastha men darabar men hi rahe. phir kuchh dinon ke bad agara prant men kalapi aur kannauj ki jagir dekar vahan ke upadravon ko shant karane ke lie bheja gaya. sanh 1610 se 1612 tak khanakhana kalapi men hi rahe.

dakshin men rahim ki sthiti ko samajhate hue jahangir ne shahazada khurram ki shadi rahim ki natini aur shahanavaz khan ki ladaki se 23 agast, 1617 ko karava di. khanakhana se vaivahik sambandhon, badashah ki nikat hi upasthiti aur shahazade ka vishal sena ke sath muhane par hona adi sthitiyon ne dakshin ke shasakon ko samajhaute ke lie vivash kar diya. adil shah ne 15 lakh rupe mooly ke saman aur naqadi ke sath hathi adi upahar men bhejakar adhinata svikar kar li. phir itana hi saman aur naqadi kutub malik ne bhi bhejakar adhinata svikar kar li. ab malik ambar ke pas koee chara n tha. antatah use bhi adhinata svikar karani padi.

sahityik parichay

bhaktikal hindi sahity men rahim ka mahattvapoorn sthan hai. unhonne arabi, farasi, snskrit, hindi adi ka gahan adhyayan kiya. ve rajadarabar men anek padon par kary karate hue bhi sahity seva men lage rahe. rahim ka vyaktitv bahut prabhavashali tha. ve smaran shakti, hazir–javabi, kavy aur sngit ke marmgy the. ve yuddhavir ke sath–sath danavir bhi the. akabar ke darabari kavi gng ke do chhandon par rijhakar inhonne 36 lakh rupaye de die the. rahim ne apani kavitaon men apane lie 'rahim' ke bajae 'rahiman' ka prayog kiya hai. ve itihas aur kavy jagat men abdul rahim khanakhana ke nam se prasiddh hain. rahim musalaman hote hue bhi krishn bhakt the. unake kavy men niti, bhakti–prem tatha shrringar adi ke dohon ka samavesh hai. sath hi jivan men ae vibhinn mod bhi parilakshit hote hain.

rahim ki bhasha

rahim ne apane anubhavon ko saral aur sahaj shaili men marmik abhivyakti pradan ki. unhonne braj bhasha, poorvi avadhi aur khadi boli ko apani kavy bhasha banaya. kintu braj bhasha unaki mukhy shaili thi. gahari se gahari bat bhi unhonne badi saralata se sidhi-sadi bhasha men kah di. bhasha ko saral, saras aur madhur banane ke lie tadbhav shabdon ka adhik prayog kiya.

  • rahim arabi, turki, farasi, snskrit aur hindi ke achchhe janakar the. hindoo-snskriti se ye bhali-bhanti parichit the. inaki nitiparak uktiyon par snskrit kaviyon ki spasht chhap parilakshit hoti hai.
  • kul milakar inaki 11 rachanaen prasiddh hain. inake pray: 300 dohe 'dohavali' nam se sngrahit hain. mayashnkar yagyik ka anuman tha ki inhonne satasee likhi hogi kintu vah abhi tak prapt nahin ho saki hai. dohon men hi rachit inaki ek svatantr kriti 'nagar shobha' hai. isamen 142 dohe hain. isamen vibhinn jatiyon ki striyon ka shrringarik varnan hai.
  • rahim apane baravai chhand ke lie prasiddh hain. inaka 'baravai hai. inaka 'baravai nayika bhed' avadhi bhasha men nayika-bhed ka sarvottam granth hai. isamen bhinn-bhinn nayikaon ke keval udaharan diye gaye hain. mayashnkar yagyik ne kashiraj pustakalay aur krishnabihari mishr pustakalay ki hast likhit pratiyon ke adhar par isaka sampadan kiya hai. rahim ne baravai chhandon men gopi-virah varnan bhi kiya hai.
  • mevat se inaki ek rachana 'baravai' nam ki isi vishay par rachit prapt huee hai. yah ek svatantr kriti hai aur isamen 101 baravai chhand hain. rahim ke shrringar ras ke 6 sorathe prapt hue hain. inake 'shrringar sorath' granth ka ullekh milata hai kintu abhi yah prapt nahin ho saka hai.
  • rahim ki ek kriti snskrit aur hindi khadi boli ki mishrit shaili men rachit 'madanashtak' nam se milati hai. isaka varny-vishay krishn ki rasalila hai aur isamen malini chhand ka prayog kiya gaya hai. isake kee path prakashit hue hain. 'sammelan patrika' men prakashit path adhik pramanik mana jata hai. inake kuchh bhakti vishayak sphut snskrit shlok 'rahim kavy' ya 'snskrit kavy' nam se prasiddh hain. kavi ne snskrit shlokon ka bhav chhappay aur doha men bhi anoodit kar diya hai.
  • kuchh shlokon men snskrit ke sath hindi bhasha ka prayog hua hai. rahim bahugy the. inhen jyotish ka bhi gyan tha. inaka snskrit, farasi aur hindi mishrit bhasha men' khet kautuk jatakamh' namak ek jyotish granth bhi milata hai kintu yah rachana prapt nahin ho saki hai. 'bhaktamal' men is vishay ke inake do pad uddhrit hain. vidvanon ka anuman hai ki ye pad 'rasapnchadhyayi' ke ansh ho sakate hain.
  • rahim ne 'vakeat babari' nam se babar likhit atmacharit ka turki se farasi men bhi anuvad kiya tha. inaka ek 'farasi divan' bhi milata hai.
  • rahim ke kavy ka mukhy vishay shrringar, niti aur bhakti hai. inaki vishnu aur gnga sambandhi bhakti-bhavamayi rachanaen vaishnav-bhakti andolan se prabhavit hokar likhi gayi hain. niti aur shrringaraparak rachanaen darabari vatavaran ke anukool hain. rahim ki khyati inhin rachanaon ke karan hai. bihari lal aur matiram jaise samarth kaviyon ne rahim ki shrringarik uktiyon se prabhav grahan kiya hai. vyas, vrind aur rasanidhi adi kaviyon ke niti vishayak dohe rahim se prabhavit hokar likhe gaye hain. rahim ka brajabhasha aur avadhi donon par saman adhikar tha. unake baravai atyant mohak prasiddh hai ki tulasidas ko 'baravai ramayan' likhane ki prerana rahim se hi mili thi. 'baravai' ke atirikt inhonne doha, soratha, kavitt, savaiya, malini adi kee chhandon ka prayog kiya hai.

rachanaen

rahim anek bhashaon ke gyata the. unhonne turki bhasha ke ek granth 'vaqayat babari' ka farasi men anuvad kiya. farasi men anek kavitaen likhin. 'khet kautook jatakamh' namak jyotish granth likha, jisamen farasi aur snskrit shabdon ka anootha mel tha. inaka kavy inake sahaj udgaron ki abhivyakti hai. in udgaron men inaka dirghakalin anubhav nihit hai. ye sachche aur snvedanashil hriday ke vyakti the. jivan men ane vali katu-madhur paristhitiyon ne inake hriday-pat par jo bahuvidh anubhooti rekhaen ankit kar di thi, unhin ke akritrim ankan men inake kavy ki ramaniyata ka rahasy nihit hai. inake 'baravai nayika bhed' men kavy riti ka palan hi nahin hua hai, varanh usake madhyam se bharatiy garhasthy-jivan ke lubhavane chitr bhi samane aye hain. marmik hone ke karan hi inaki uktiyan sarvasadharan men vishesh roop se prachalit hain. rahim-kavy ke kee sngrah prakashit ho chuke hain. inamen-

  1. rahim ratnavali (sn. mayashnkar yagyik-1928 ee.) aur
  2. rahim vilas (sn. brajaratnadas-1948 ee., dvitiyavritti) pramanik aur vishvasaniy hain. inake atirikt
  3. rahiman vinod (hi. sa. samme.),
  4. rahim 'kavitavali (surendranath tivari),
  5. rahim' (ramanaresh tripathi),
  6. rahiman chndrika (ramanath suman),
  7. rahiman shatak (lala bhagavanadin) adi sngrah bhi upayogi hain.

rahim ke dohe

  • rahiman dhaga prem ka mat todon chhitakay.

toote to phir na mile mile ganth pad zae..[1]

  • rahiman dani daridratar, too janchibe yog.

jyon saritan sookh pare, kuan khanavat log..
kavivar rahim kahate hain ki yadi koee dani manushy daridr bhi ho to bhi usase yachana karana bura nahin hai kyonki vah tab bhi unake pas kuchh n kuchh rahata hi hai. jaise nadi sookh jati hai to log usake andar kuen khodakar usamen se pani nikalate hain.

  • rahiman dekhi baden ko, laghu n dijie dari.

jahan kam avai suee, kaha karai talavari..
kavivar rahim ke anusar bade logon ki sngat men chhoton ki upeksha nahin karana chahie kyonki vipatti ke samay unaki bhi sahayata ki avashyakata pad sakati hai. jis tarah talavar ke hone par suee ki upeksha nahin karana chahie kyonki jahan vah kam kar sakati hai talavar vahan lachar hoti hai.

  • ekai sadhe sab sadhain, sab sadhe sab jay.

rahiman moolahi sinchibo, phoolai phalai aghay..

  • kah rahim kaise nibhe, ber ker ka sng.

yai dolat ras apane, unake phatat ang..

  • khira sir te katie, maliyat laun lagay.

rahiman karue mukhan ko, chahiyat ihai sajay..

  • chhima baden ko chahie, chhotan ko utpat.

ka rahim hari ko ghatayau, jo bhrigu mari lat..
rahim ek sahriday svabhimani, udar, vinamr, danashil, viveki, vir aur vyutpann vyakti the. ye guniyon ka adar karate the. inaki danashilata ki anek kathaen prachalit hai. inake vyaktitv se akabari darabar gauravanvit hua tha aur inake kavy se hindi samriddh huee hai.

vishesh bindu

  • jab ye kul 5 varsh ke hi the, gujarat ke patan nagar men (1561 ee.) inake pita ki hatya kar di gayi. inaka palan-poshan svayn akabar ki dekh-rekh men hua.
  • inaki karyakshamata se prabhavit hokar akabar ne 1572 ee. men gujarat ki chadhaee ke avasar par inhen patan ki jagir pradan ki. akabar ke shasanakal men unaki nirantar padonnati hoti rahi.
  • 1576 ee. men gujarat vijay ke bad inhen gujarat ki soobedari mili.
  • 1579 ee. men inhen 'mir arju' ka pad pradan kiya gaya.
  • 1583 ee. men inhonne badi yogyata se gujarat ke upadrav ka daman kiya.
  • prasann hokar akabar ne 1584 ee. men inhen' khanakhana' ki upadhi aur pnchahazari ka manasab pradan kiya.
  • 1589 ee. men inhen 'vakil' ki padavi se sammanit kiya gaya.
  • 1604 ee. men shahazada daniyal ki mrityu aur abulafazal ki hatya ke bad inhen dakshin ka poora adhikar mil gaya. jahangir ke shasan ke prarambhik dinon men inhen poorvavat samman milata raha.
  • 1623 ee. men shahajahan ke vidrohi hone par inhonne jahangir ke viruddh unaka sath diya.
  • 1625 ee. men inhonne kshama yachana kar li aur pun: 'khanakhana' ki upadhi mili.
  • 1626 ee. men 70 varsh ki avastha men inaki mrityu ho gayi.

khan e khana maqabara

  • khan e khana ke nam se prasiddh yah maqabara abdurrahim khanakhana ka hai, jo mugal badashah akabar evn jahangir ke shasanakal ke pratibhashali evn prasiddh darabari the.
  • khan e khana maqabare ka nirman abdurrahim khanakhana ke dvara apani begam ki yad men karavaya gaya tha, jinaki mrityu 1598 ee. men ho gayi thi. bad men svayn abdur rahim ko 1627 ee. men unake mrityu ke pashchath isi maqabare men daphanaya gaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. mishra, vijay. abdurrahim khanakhana (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) meri duniya. abhigaman tithi: 18 julaee, 2010.

sahayak granth-

  1. akabari darabar ke hindi kavi: da. sarayooprasad agraval;
  2. rahiman vilas : brajaratnadas;
  3. rahim ratnavali : mayashnkar yagyik.

bahari kadiyan

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