पुष्पदन्त कवि  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Disamb2.jpg pushpadant ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthon ke lie dekhen:- pushpadant (bahuvikalpi)

pushpadant jain sahity ke atynt prasiddh mahakavi the. inhonne apane grnth 'nay kumar charit' [1] ke ant men apane mata pita ka snket karate hue sampraday ka bhi ullekh kiya hai.[2] usake anusar inake pita prathamat: shiv bhakt the, kintu bad men kisi 'jin' snnyasi ke upadesh se jain dharm men dikshit ho gaye the. pita ke sampraday parivartan ke sath ye bhi jain ho gaye. pita ka nam 'keshav bhatt' aur mata ka nam 'mugdha devi' tha.

apabhrnsh ke kavi

rachanaon ki bhasha dekhate hue anuman hota hai ki ye uttari bharat ke hi nivasi honge, kyonki dakshin bhashaon ka inaki rachanaon par koee prabhav nahin hai. inaki bhasha ko 'brachad apabhrnsh' ya usi se prabhavit bhasha manana chahie. kavi men atm samman ki bhavana vishesh roop men thi. ek bar nirjan van men pade rahane par jab 'ammiyn' aur 'indr' namak vyaktiyon dvara karan poochha gaya tab inhonne kaha -

nu dujjan bhunha vnkiyain, disntu kalusabhavnkiyain.
var narataroo dhavalachchhihe hohu m kuchchhihe maru sonimuhinaggame.
khal kuchchhiy pahuvayanin bhiudiyan yanain m nihalu suruggame॥[3]

upadhiyan

yahi karan hai ki unhonne apane lie 'abhiman meru', 'kavy ratnakar', 'kavikul tilak' adi upadhiyan jodi hain. jahan manasik roop se ve apane ko itana gaurav dete the, vahan ve sharir se bahut hi durbal aur kuroop the.[4] inaka ek gun vishesh tha aur vah yah ki ye sharir sampatti se hin hote hue bhi sadaiv prasannachitt raha karate the. inake nam ke anuroop unaki dntapnkti pushp ke saman dhaval thi.[5]

rashtrakoot ashrayadata

mahakavi pushpadant ke do ashrayadata the. pratham rashtrakoot vnsh ke maharajadhiraj krishnaraj (tritiy) ke mahamaty bharat aur doosare mahamaty bharat ke putr nann, jo age chal kar mahamaty nann hue. inhin donon ke protsahan se mahakavi pushpadant ne anek grnthon ki rachana ki.

rachanaen

mahakavi pushpadant ke nimnalikhit grnth upalabdh hue hain -

  1. tisatthi maharurish gunalnkar (trishashti mahapurush gunalnkar)
  2. nay kumar chariu (nag kumar charitr)
  3. jasahar chariu (yashodhar charitr)
  4. kosh grnth

kavy paksh

mahakavi pushpadant ek mahanh pndit aur pratibhashali kavi the. inaka kavy paksh atynt vistrit aur utkrisht tha. alnkaron ka prayog inaki nirikshan aur adhyayan shakti ka parichayak hai.

sandhya varnan -

atthamii dinesari jii suna. tih pnthiy thiy maniy suna.
jih phuriyu divay dittiyu. tih kntaharani dittiyu.
jih snjha raen rnjiyu. tih vesa raen rnjiyu.
jih bhuvanullu sntaviyu. tih chakkulluvi sntaviyu.
jih disi disi timirin miliyain. tih disi disi jari miliyain.
jih rayanihi kamalin muliyain. tih virahini vanayin muliyain॥[6]

yuddh varnan

sngam bherihin, nn palay marihin. bhuann gasntihi gahirn rasntihi.
sannaddh kuddhain uddhuddh chindhain. uvavaddh tonai gun nihiy vanain.
kari chadiy johain cham chamarohain. chhattn dhayarain pasariy viyarain.
vahiy turngain choiy mayngain. chal dhooli kavilain kappoor dhavalain॥ [7]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. nag kumar charit
  2. siv bhattain mi jin sannasen ve vi mayain duriyaninnasen. vnbhanain kasavarisi gottin guruvayanamiy pooriyasottamn॥
  3. durjan ki bnkim bhaunh dekhana uchit nahin, chahe giri kandaraon men ghas khakar bhale hi raha jae. man ke kuksh se utpann hote hi mar jana thik hai, kintu raja ke tedhi bhrikuti ke netr dekhana aur durvachan sunana uchit nahin.
  4. kasan sariren suchh kurooven muddhaevi gabbh sambhooven. uttar puran 11.
  5. siy dnt pnti dhavalikayasu ta jnpi baravaya vilasu.
  6. tisatthi mahapurish gunalnkar - mahapuran
  7. nay kumar chariu

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah