कुंदकुंदाचार्य  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kundakundachary jain dharm men dignbar snpraday ke suprasiddh achary the. inaka ek any nam 'kaundakund' bhi tha. inake nam ke sath dakshin bharat ka 'kondakundapur' namak nagar bhi juda hua hai. profesar e. en. upadhyay ke anusar kundakundachary ka samay pahali shatabdi ee. hai; parntu inake kal ke bare men nishchayatmak koee praman upalabdh nahin hota. shravanabelagola ke shilalekh snkhya 40 ke anusar inaka dikshakalin nam 'padmanndi' tha aur simndhar svami se unhen divy gyan ki prapti huee thi.

parichay

kundakundachary moolasngh ke pradhan achary the. tapashcharan ke prabhav se anek alaukik siddhiyan inhen prapt thin. jain parnpara men inaka bade adar se ullekh hota hai. shastrasabha ke arnbh men mngal bhagavan vir ke sath-sath mngal kudakundarth: kahakar inaka smaran kiya jata hai, jisase jain shasan men inake mahatv ka pata chalata hai. inhonne sarvapratham jain agam sammat padarthon ka tarkapoorn pratipadan kiya tha. inake sabhi upalabdh grnth prakrit bhasha men hain. inaki visheshata rahi hai ki inhonne jain mat ka svakalin darshanik vicharadhara ke alok men pratipadan kiya hai, keval jain agamon ka pun:pravachan nahin kiya.[1]

mukhy grnth

kundakundachary ke vibhinn grnthon men gyan, darshan aur charitr ka niroopan milata hai. inhonne ek ek vishay ka niroopan karane ke lie svatntr grnth likhe, jinhen "pahud" kahate hain. inake 84 pahudon ka ullekh jain vanamay men milata hai.[1] inake mukhy grnth nimnalikhit hain-

  1. pravachanasar
  2. samayasar
  3. pnchastikay
  4. niyamasar
  5. baras anuvekkha
  6. dasnn pahud
  7. charittapahud
  8. bodh pahud
  9. mokkh pahud
  10. shil pahud
  11. rayanasar
  12. siddhabhakti
  13. moolachar (vattaker).

naya drishtikon

jain darshan ko kundakundachary ne ek nee drishti di. inako sngrahavalnbi abhedavad ka pratipadak mana jata hai. jain agamon men dravy aur paryay men bhed aur abhed donon mana jata hai. parntu inake anusar inaka bhed vyavaharik hai, paramarthat: donon abhinn hai. isi prakar atma men varn ka sadabhav aur asadabhav donon agam sammat hain, parntu inake anusar vyavaharik roop men to varn atma men hain, paramarthik roop men nahin hain. inhonne 'deh' aur 'atma' ke aiky ko vyavaharanay men mana, parntu nishchayanay men donon ka bhed mana.

kundakundachary dravy ko satta se abhinn manate the. vaisheshik darshan men satta samany ke karan dravy ko sath‌ manate hain, parntu unaka kahana hai ki is mat men to satta se bhinn hone ke karan dravy asath‌ ho jaega. at: dravy satta roop hi hai aur yahi param tatv hai. satta hi dravy, gun aur padarth ke roop men nana deshakal men vikasit hoti hai; at: sab kuchh dravy (satta) roop hi hai. gun aur paryay ka dravy se abhed manana tatha nayabhed se satkaryavad aur satyakaryavad donon ko svikar karana, unaka abhipret tha. paramanu ke bare men inaka kahana hai ki sabhi skndhon ka antim avayav paramanu hai. yah shashvat, shabd rahit, avibhajy aur moort hai. paramanu ko ras, gndh, varn aur sparsh se yukt indriyagrahy parinami tatv kaha gaya aur prithvi, jal, tej aur vayu ka mool mana gaya.[1]

atma ke roop

aupanishad aur mahayan darshanon men vyavahar aur paramarth athava pratibhas aur saty ka bhed mana gaya hai. is bhed ko manakar hi adhyatmavadi darshanik ek advayatatv ki pratishtha karate hain. jain darshan bhootavadi hai, adhyatmavadi nahin. phir bhi kundakundachary ne vyavaharanay aur nishchayanay men bhed mana, jo samanyat: dikhaee deta hai. vah sarvada saty nahin hota aur koee avashyak nahin ki saty sada shuddh roop men gochar ho. unhonne atma ke tin roop mane. bahy padarthon men asakt, deh ko apane se abhinn samajhane vali moodhatma bahiratma hai. deh ka bhedgyan ho jane par mokshamargaroodh atma ko antaratma kaha gaya hai. dhyan, bal se karmamal ka kshay ho jane par jab atma shuddh roop prapt kar leti hai, tab usako paramatma kahate hain. isi paramatma ko kundakundachary ne shiv, brahma, vishnu, buddh adi kahakar tatkalin darshan se apane ko paramarthat: abhinn ghoshit kiya hai, jo snbhavat: kisi jain achary ne nahin kiya. yahi inaki visheshata hai, jo any jainacharyon se inhen alag karati hai aur inaki samanvayavadi pravritti ka nidarshan hai.

advaitamat se bhi prabhavit

kundakundachary ne atma ko kary karan se bhinn manakar sankhy ke kootasth purush ki kalpana ke sath samanvit kiya, parntu atma ko akarta nahin mana. unake mat men atma anatmak parinaman (pudgal karmon) ka kartta nahin hai, kintu parinami hone ke karan usako kartta bhi mana hai. atma gyan adi svagat parinamon ka to karta hai hi. kundakundachary advaitamat se bhi prabhavit the. unake anusar keval gyani atma ko hi janata hai, usake lie brahy padarth aprisaddh hain. advaitavadi darshan men atma ko hi ek tatv manakar any padarthon ko atma ka pratibhas kaha gaya hai. unaka mat is advaitamat se adhik nikat hai. kevali ko gyan aur darshan ek sath hota hai, jaise soory ka prakash aur tap ek sath rahata hai.[1]

bauddh prabhav==

kundakundachary bauddhon se bhi prabhavit the. unaka kahana tha ki tatv ka vyavahar aur nishchayanayon se varnan ho hi nahin sakata. tatv pakshatikrant hai. jiv shuddh roop men ne to baddh hai, n abaddh. bndh-abndh se vimukt jiv hi sahayasar aur paramatma paramatatv kaha gaya hai. vyavaharanay ka nirakaran nishchayanay se hota hai. nagarjun ki tarah inaka kahana tha ki- "nishchayanay ka ashray lekar yadyapi tatv ka gyan hota hai, tathapi tatvgyan ho jane par nishchiyanay ka bhi nash ho jata hai".

is prakar achary kundakund samanvayavadi jain darshanik the. inaka mat svatntr hai, doosare jain acharyon ki tarah mat vishesh ke lie inaka agrah nahin hai. yahi karan hai ki inhonne vaisheshik, sankhy, vedant aur mahayan bauddh darshan se bahut-si baten grahan ki aur jain dharm ki ek naya drishtikon diya hai.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 kundakundachary (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 18 march, 2014.

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