दिगम्बर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

digambar jain dharm ke do pramukh maton men se ek, jinake dharmik muni koee vastr nahin pahanate aur snpatti ko tyag dete hai. 'shvetambar' namak doosare mat ke muni safed kapade pahanate hain. madhyakalin bharat men digambaron ka paryapt prabhav tha. digambar, shvetambar ke dharmik grnth sahity ko manyata nahin dete, lekin yah manate hain ki prarnbhik sahity dhire-dhire bhula diya gaya aur doosari shatabdi tak vah poori tarah kho gaya tha.

jain dharm ka vibhajan

'digambar' ek snskrit shabd hai, jisaka shabdik arth hai 'nagn'. kaha jata hai ki maury samrat chndragupt maury ke kal men gnbhir akal ke samay jain muniyon ke gnga nadi ya ujjain se dakshin ki or chale jane ke karan hi jain dharm do shakhaon 'digambar' tatha 'shvetambar' men bnt gaya tha. pravasi muniyon ke pramukh bhadrabahu ne is par bal diya ki purushon ko koee vastr nahin pahanana chahie aur is prakar unhonne antim tirthnkar ya moksh prapt karane vale shikshak mahavir dvara prastut udaharan ka anusaran kiya.

uttar bharat men hi rah ge muniyon ke pramukh sthoolabhadr ne safed rng ke vastr pahanane ki anumati di. am yug ki shurooat ke samay digambar aur shvetambar is bat par antat: alag ho ge ki kya snpatti (yahan tak ki vastr bhi) rakhane vale kisi muni ke lie moksh prapt karana snbhav hai? halanki donon guton dvara ki gee jain dharm ke darshanik siddhanton ki vivechana men koee ullekhaniy antar nahin hai aur dharmik anushthanon, grnthon aur sahity men samay ke sath matabhed utpann hote rahe hain, lekin dharmik sthanon ke svamitv ko lekar bahut-se vivad uthe, jo aj bhi vidyaman hain.

shakhaen

jain dharm ki digambar shakha men tin shakhaen hain-

  1. mndiramargi
  2. moortipoojak
  3. terapnthi

manyataen

nirvastr rahane ke alava digambaron ki kuchh aisi manyataen hain, jinase shvetambar matabhed rakhate hain, yatha-

  1. poorn snt (kevalin) ko jivit rahane ke lie bhojan ki avashkata nahin
  2. mahavir ne kabhi vivah nahin kiya
  3. koee mahila, purush ke roop men punarjanm lie bina moksh prapt nahin kar sakati
  4. sabhi tirthnkaron ki moorti banate samay unhen nagn, abhooshanahin aur niche ki or drishti kie hue dikhana chahie.

anuyayi

dakshin bharat men madhyakalin yug men digambaron ka praryapt prabhav tha. lekin yah kam hota gaya, kyonki us kshetr men hindoo bhaktivad, shaivavad aur vaishnavavad badhane laga tha. digambar mat pramukh roop se dakshin maharashtr, karnatak aur rajasthan jaise rajyon men adhik prachalit hai aur isake 10 lakh anuyayi hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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