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jain puran sahity

aitihasik janakari hetu jain sahity bhi bauddh sahity ki hi tarah mahattvapoorn hain. ab tak upalabdh jain sahity prakrit evn snskrit bhasha men milaten hai. jain sahity ke visheshgy tatha anusandhanapoorn lekhak agarachand nahata the. jain sahity, jise ‘agam‘ kaha jata hai, inaki snkhya 12 batayi jati hai. age chalakar inake 'upang' bhi likhe gaye . agamon ke sath-sath jain grnthon men 10 prakirn, 6 chhnd sootr, ek nndi sootr ek anuyogadvar evn char moolasootr hain. in agam grnthon ki rachana sambhavatah shvetambar sampraday ke acharyo dvara mahavir svami ki mrityu ke bad ki gayi.

  • barah agam is prakar hain-

1. acharang sutt, 2. sooryakadnk, 3. thapng, 4. samavayang, 5. bhagavatisootr, 6. nyayadhammakahao, 7. uvasagadasaon, 8. antagadadasao, 9. anuttarovavaiyadasaon, 10. panhavagaraniaee, 11. vivagasuyn, aur 12 dvitthivay.

  • in agam grntho ke 'acharangasoott' se jain bhikshuon ke vidhi-nishedhon evn achar-vicharon ka vivaran evn 'bhagavatisootr' se mahavir svami ke jivan-shikshaon adi ke bare men upayukt janakari milati hai, jo is prakar hain- 1. aupapatik, 2. rajaprashniy, 3. jivabhigam, 4. prgyapana, 5. sooryaprgypti, 6. jamboodvipaprgypti, 7. chandaprgypti, 8. niryavalika, 9. kalpavntasika, 10. pushpika, 11. pushpachoolika aur 12. vrishnidasha.
  • agam grnnthon ke atirikt 10 prakirn is prakar hain- 1. chatuahsharan, 2. atur pratyakhyan, 3. bhaktiparigya, 4. snstar, 5. tandulavaitalik, 6. chndravedhyak, 7. ganitavidya, 8. devendrastav, 9. virastav aur 10.mahapratyakhyan.
  • chhedasootr ki snkhya 6 hai- 1. nishith, 2. mahanishith, 3. vyavahar, 4. acharadasha, 5. kalp aur 6. pnchakalp adi.
  • ek nndi sootr evn ek anuyog dvara jain dharm anuyayiyon ke svatntr grnth evn vishvakosh hain.
  • jain sahity men puranon ka bhi mahattvapoorn sthan hai jinhen 'charit' bhi kaha jata hai. ye prakrit, snskrit tatha apabhrnsh tinon bhashaon men likhen gayen hain. inamen padm puran, harivnsh puran, adi puran, ityadi ullekhaniy hain. jain puranon ka samay chhathi shatabdi se solahavin-satravahin shatabdi tak nirdharit kiya gaya hai.
  • jain grnthon men parishisht parv, bhadrabahucharit, avashyakasootr, acharangasootr, bhagavatisootr, kalikapurana adi vishesh roop se ullekhaniy hai. inase aitihasik ghatanaon ki soochana milati hai.

bharatiy dharmagranthon men 'puran' shabd ka prayog itihas ke arth men ata hai. kitane vidvanon ne itihas aur puran ko pncham ved mana hai. chanaky ne apane arthashastr men itivritt, puran, akhyayika, udaharan, dharmashastr tatha arthashastr ka samavesh kiya hai. isase yah siddh hota hai ki itihas aur puran donon hi vibhinn hain. itivritt ka ullekh saman hone par bhi donon apani apani visheshata rakhate hain. itihas jahan ghatanaon ka varnan kar nirvrit ho jata hai vahan puran unake parinam ki or pathak ka chitt akrisht karata hai.

sargashch pratisargashch vnsho manvantarani ch.
vnshanucharitanyev purann pnchalakshanamh॥

jisamen sarg, pratisarg, vnsh, manvantar aur vnsh-paramparaon ka varnan ho, vah puran hai. sarg, pratisarg adi puran ke panch lakshan hain. tatpary yah ki itivritt keval ghatit ghatanaon ka ullekh karata hai parantu puran mahapurushon ke ghatit ghatanaon ka ullekh karata hua unase prapt phalaphal puny-pap ka bhi varnan karata hai tatha vyakti ke charitr nirman ki apeksha bich-bich men naitik aur dharmik shikshaon ka pradarshan bhi karata hai. itivritt men jahan keval vartaman ki ghatanaon ka ullekh rahata hai vahan puran men nayak ke atit aur anagat bhavon ka bhi ullekh rahata hai aur vah isaliye ki janasadharan samajh sake ki mahapurush kaise bana ja sakata hai. avanat se unnat banane ke liye kya-kya tyag, paropakar aur tapasyaen karani padati hain. manav ke jivan-nirman men puran ka bada hi mahattvapoorn sthan hai. yahi karan hai ki usamen janasadharan ki shraddha aj bhi yathapoorv akshunn hai. age vistar men padhen:- jain puran sahity

jain achar-mimansa

jain dharm ke anusar adhyatmik vikas ki poornata hetu shravak ya grihasthadharm (shravakachar) poorvardh hai aur shraman ya munidharm (shramanachar) uttarardh. shramanadharm ki ninv grihasth dharm par mazaboot hoti hai. yahan grihasth dharm ki mahattvapoorn bhoomika isalie bhi hai kyonki shravakachar ki bhoomika men ek samany grihasth tyag aur bhog-in donon ko samanvayatmak drishti men rakhakar adhyatmik vikas men agrasar hota hai. at: prastut prasng men sarvapratham shravakachar ka svaroop vivechan avashyak hai. age vistar men padhen:- jain achar-mimansa

gommat pnjika

  • achary nemichandr siddhant chakravarti (10vin shati) dvara prakrit bhasha men likhit gommatasar par sarvapratham likhi gee yah ek snskrit pnjika tika hai.
  • isaka ullekh uttaravarti achary abhayachandr ne apani mandaprabodhini tika men kiya hai.[1]
  • is pnjika ki ekamatr upalabdh prati (sn0 1560) pn. paramanand ji shastri ke pas rahi.
  • is tika ka praman panch hazar shlok hai.
  • is prati men kul patr 98 hain. age vistar men padhen:- gommat pnjika

gommatasar jivatattv pradipika

  • yah tika keshavavarni dvara rachit hai.
  • unhonne ise snskrit aur kannad donon bhashaon men likha hai.
  • jaise virasen svami ne apani snskrit prakrit mishrit dhavala tika dvara shatkhndagam ke rahasyon ka udghatan kiya hai usi prakar keshavavarni ne bhi apani is jivatattv pradipika dvara jivakand ke rahasyon ka udghatan kannad mishrit snskrit men kiya hai. age vistar men padhen:- gommatasar jivatattv pradipika

jayadhaval tika

  • achary virasen svami[2] ne dhavala ki poornata[3] ke pashchath shauraseni prakrit bhasha men nibaddh achary gunadhar dvara virachit kasayapahud[4] ki tika jayadhavala ka kary arnbh kiya aur jivan ke antim sat varshon men unhonne usaka ek tihaee bhag likha. tatpashchath shak sn0 745 men unake divngat hone par shesh do tihaee bhag unake yogyatam shishy jinasenachary (shak sn0 700 se 760) ne poora kiya. 21 varshon ki sudirgh gyanasadhana ki avadhi men yah likhi jakar shak sn0 759 men poori huee.
  • achary jinasen svami ne sarvapratham snskrit mahakavy parshvabhyuday ki rachana[5] men ki thi. inaki doosari prasiddh kriti 'mahapuran' hai. usake poorvabhag-'adipuran' ke 42 sarg hi ve bana pae the aur divngat ho ge. shesh ki poorti unake shishy gunabhadrachary ne ki.[6] age vistar men padhen:- jayadhaval tika

jivatattv pradipika

  • yah nemichandrakrit chaturth tika hai.
  • tisari tika ki tarah isaka nam bhi jivatattv pradipika hai.
  • yah keshavavarni ki karnatakavritti men likhi gee snskrit mishrit jivatattv pradipika ka hi snskrit roopantar hai.
  • isake rachayita nemichandr siddhant chakravarti se bhinn aur uttaravarti nemichandr hain.
  • ye nemichandr gyanabhooshan ke shishy the.
  • gommatasar ke achchhe gyata the. inaka kannad tatha snskrit donon par saman adhikar hai. yadi inhonne keshavavarni ki tika ko snskrit roop nahin diya hota to pn. todaramal ji hindi men likhi gee apani samyaghgyanachndrika nahin likh pate.
  • ye nemichandr ganit ke bhi visheshgy the. age vistar men padhen:- jivatattv pradipika
  • jain sahity ke kshetr men jain sadhvi poojy ganinipramukh shri gyanamati mataji ne bisavin sadi men ek kirtiman upasthit kiya hai. unhonne nyay- vyakaran- chhnd -alnkar- siddhant- adhyatm- kavy- poojan adi sabhi prakar ka sahity racha hai. unaki 250 se adhik pustaken jamboodvip - hastinapur se prakashit huee hain. shatkhandagam grnthon par unhonne 16 pustakon ki siddhantachintamani namak snskrit tika likhakar achary shri virasenasvami ki yad ko taza kar diya hai. vartaman yug men snskrit tika likhane vali matr ek hi sadhvi hain. in grnthon ki hindi tika unaki shishya prgyashramani aryika shri chndanamati mataji ne kiya hai, jinaki 10 pustaken chhap chuki hain. unhen mngakar ap svadhyay kar sakate hain. snskrit ki solahon pustaken chhap chuki hain.

agam

  • bhagavan mahavir ke upadesh jain dharm ke mool siddhant hain, jinhen 'agam' kaha jata hai.
  • ve ardhamagadhi prakrit bhasha men hain . unhen acharangadi barah 'angon' men snkalit kiya gaya, jo 'dvadashng agam' kahe jate hain.
  • vaidik snhitaon ki bhanti jain agam bhi pahale shrut roop men hi the.
  • mahavir ji ke bad bhi kee shatabdiyon tak unhen lipibaddh nahin kiya gaya tha.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. mandaprabodhini gatha 83
  2. jayadhavala, pri0 1 prasta0 pri0 72.
  3. shak sn0 738
  4. kashay prabhrit
  5. shak sn0 700
  6. tadev pu0 1, pri0 73 .

snbndhit lekh

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