रामविलास शर्मा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ramavilas sharma
ramavilas sharma
poora nam ramavilas sharma
janm 10 aktoobar, 1912
janm bhoomi unnav zila, uttar pradesh
mrityu 30 mee, 2000
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr alochak, nibndhakar, vicharak
mukhy rachanaen 'premachand aur unaka yug', 'bhasha sahity aur snskriti', 'pragati aur parampara', 'bhasha aur samaj', 'nirala ki sahity sadhana' adi.
bhasha hindi aur angrezi
vidyalay lakhanoo vishvavidyalay
shiksha em.e. (angrezi), pi.echadi.
puraskar-upadhi vyas samman, shalaka samman
vishesh yogadan daau. ramavilas sharma ne apane ugr aur uttejanapoorn nibandhon se hindi samiksha ko ek gati pradan ki hai.
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari 'agyey' dvara sampadit 'tarasaptak' (1943 ee.) ke ek kavi roop men inaki rachanaen kafi charchit huee hain.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

daau. ramavilas sharma (janm- 10 aktoobar, 1912, unnav zila, uttar pradesh; mrityu- 30 mee, 2000, bharat) adhunik hindi sahity men suprasiddh alochak, nibndhakar, vicharak evn kavi the. daau. ramavilas sharma bharat ke pratham 'vyas samman' vijeta the.

jivan parichay

ramavilas sharma hindi men pragativadi samiksha-paddhati ke ek pramukh stambh the. ramavilas sharma ka janm 10 aktoobar, 1912 ee. men uttar pradesh ke unnav zile men uchchaganv sani men hua tha. unhonne 'lakhanoo vishvavidyalay' se angrezi men em.e. kiya aur phir pi-ech.di. ki upadhi san 1938 men prapt ki. san 1938 se hi ap adhyapan kshetr men a ge. 1943 se 1974 tak ramavilas sharma ne 'balavnt rajapoot kalej', agara men angrezi vibhag men kary kiya aur angrezi vibhag ke adhyaksh rahe. isake bad kuchh samay tak 'kanhaiyalal manik munshi hindi vidyapith', agara men nideshak pad par bhi rahe.

sahityik parichay

daau ramavilas sharma ne apane ugr aur uttejanapoorn nibandhon se hindi samiksha ko ek gati pradan ki hai. inhonne sampoorn sahity naye aur purane ko marksavadi drishtikon se dekhane-parakhane ka prastav badi kshamata ke sath kiya hai. sharma ji ne saiddhantik aur vyavaharik donon samiksha-paddhatiyon se apane vicharon ko pusht karane ka yatn kiya hai. 'samalochak' namak ek patr bhi inaka prakashit hua. unaka lekhan kafi had tak aise poorvagrahon se mukt hai. inhonne itihas ko samajhane ki jo drishti di, vah alpasnkhyak, dalit aur stri ke najarie se to itihas ko parakhati hi hai, sath hi samrajyavadi yooro-kendrit itihas-drishti ka khndan bhi karati hai. ramavilas ji is bat par ashchary prakat karate hain ki pata nahin kaise log aupaniveshik aur samrajyavadi drishtikon se likhe ge itihas par vishvas karate hain? isake lie ve ashiksha ko jimmedar thaharate hue likhate hain, “agreji raj ne yahan shikshan vyavastha ko mitaya, hindustaniyon se ek rupe aintha to usamen se chhadam shiksha par kharch kiya. us par bhi anek itihasakar angrezon par bali-bali jate hain."[1]

ramavilas ji angrezon ko us had tak pragatishil bhi nahin manate, jitana any vidvanh manate hain. angrezon ki pragatishil bhoomika par prashnachihn lagate hue ye likhate hain ki “angrez udarapnthiyon ke adarsh prajatntr snyukt rajy amarika men gulamon se kheti karake badi-badi riyasaten kayam ki gee thin. gulamon ke vyapar se labh uthanevalon men angrez saudagar sabase age the. yah gulami pratha n to poonjivadi thi, n samnti thi; samajashastr ke pndit use samntavad se bhi pichhadi huee pratha manate hain . is pratha ka vikas aur prasar karake angrez saudagaron ne kaun-sa pragatishil kam kiya kahana kathin hai."[2]spasht hai ki ramavilas ji angrezon ki pragatishil bhoomika ka moolyankan tathyon ki kasauti par karate hain, isilie ve unhen utane pragatishil nahin lagate jitane any vidvanon ko lagate hain . shayad isi karan se daau ramavilas sharma angrazon ki pragatishil bhoomika ka samarthan karane ke bajay apane lekhan men un bharatiy tatvon ko ubharane ka prayas karate hain jo angrazon se bhinn aur kahin adhik pragatishil the.[3]

suprasiddh alochak

achary ramachndr shukl ke bad daau. ramavilas sharma hi ek aise alochak ke roop men sthapit hote hain, jo bhasha, sahity aur samaj ko ek sath rakhakar moolyankan karate hain. unaki alochana prakriya men keval sahity hi nahin hota, balki ve samaj, arth, rajaniti, itihas ko ek sath lekar sahity ka moolyankan karate hain. any alochakon ki tarah unhonne kisi rachanakar ka moolyankan keval lekhakiy kaushal ko janchane ke lie nahin kiya hai, balki unake moolyankan ki kasauti yah hoti hai ki us rachanakar ne apane samay ke sath kitana nyay kiya hai. itihas ki samasyaon se joojhana mano unaki pahali pratigya ho. ve bharatiy itihas ki har samasya ka nidan khojane men jute rahe. unhonne jab yah kaha ki ary bharat ke mool nivasi hain, tab isaka virodh hua tha. unhonne kaha ki ary pashchim eshiya ya kisi doosare sthan se bharat men nahin ae hain, balki sach yah hai ki ve bharat se pashchim eshiya ki or ge hain. ve likhate hain - ‘‘doosari sahastrabdi eesa poorv bade-bade jan abhiyanon ki sahastrabdi hai."[4]

kritiyan

ramavilasaji nirntar srijan ki or unmukh rahe. apani sudirgh lekhan yatra men unhonne lagabhag 100 mahattvapoorn pustakon ka srijan kiya, jinamen ‘gandhi, anbedakar, lohiya aur bharatiy itihas ki samasyaen’, ‘bharatiy snskriti aur hindi pradesh’, ‘nirala ki sahity sadhana’, ‘mahaviraprasad dvivedi aur hindi nav-jagaran’, ‘pashchimi eshiya aur righ‍ved’, ‘bharat men angreji rajy aur marksavad’, ‘bharatiy sahity aur hindi jati ke sahity ki avadharana’, ‘bharatendu yug’, ‘bharat ke prachin bhasha parivar aur hindi’ jaisi kalajayi rachanaen shamil hain.[4]

ramavilas sharma ji ki samiksha kritiyon men vishesh ullekhaniy hain-
  • 'premachand aur unaka yug' (1953)
  • 'nirala' (1946 ee.)
  • 'bharatendu harishchandr' (1954 ee.)
  • 'pragati aur parampara' (1954 ee.)
  • 'bhasha sahity aur snskriti' (1954 ee.)
  • 'bhasha aur samaj' (1961 ee.)
  • 'nirala ki sahity sadhana' (1969)

ramavilas sharma ne yadyapi kavitaen adhik nahin likhin, par hindi ke prayogavadi kavy-andolan ke sath ve ghanishth roop se sambaddh rahe hain. 'agyey' dvara sampadit 'tarasaptak' (1943 ee.) ke ek kavi roop men inaki rachanaen kafi charchit huee hain. roop tarng tatha sadiyon ke soye jag uthe adi unaki kavita sngrah hain. char din unake likhe upanyason, apani dharati apane log v ghar ki bat atmakathatmak rachanaon tatha astha aur saundary v viram chihn unake nibndh sahity ke chune hue udaharan hain.

samman

ramavilas sharma ji varsh 1986-87 men hindi akadami ke pratham sarvochch samman shalaka samman se sammanit sahityakar hain. isake atirikt 1991 men inhen pratham vyas samman se bhi sammanit kiya gaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. (san sattavan ki rajy kranti aur marksavad, pri. 67)
  2. (san sattavan ki rajyakranti aur marksavad, pri. 53)
  3. ramavilas sharma ka pratiaupaniveshik chintan (hindi) hindi samay daaut kaaum. abhigaman tithi: 30 mee, 2013.
  4. 4.0 4.1 daau. ramavilas sharma ke alochana siddhant (hindi) vebaduniya hindi. abhigaman tithi: 30 mee, 2013.

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