सखाराम गणेश देउसकर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

sakharam ganesh deusakar
sakharam ganesh deusakar
poora nam sakharam ganesh deusakar
janm 17 disnbar, 1869
janm bhoomi bihar pradesh
mrityu 23 navnbar, 1912
karm bhoomi bharat
mukhy rachanaen 'mahamati ranade' (1901), 'jhasir rajakumar' (1901), 'bajirav' (1902).
vidyalay ar. mitr haeeskool, devaghar
shiksha maitrik
prasiddhi krantikari lekhak, itihasakar tatha patrakar.
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari desh ki svatntrata ko apane jivan ka lakshy manane vale sakharam ganesh deusakar ne krantikari andolan se bhi snpark rakha aur bngala tatha hindi men sahity ki rachana karake jan-jagriti men yogadan diya.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

sakharam ganesh deusakar (angrezi: Sakharam Ganesh Deuskar, janm: 17 disnbar, 1869, bihar; mrityu: 23 navnbar, 1912) krantikari lekhak, itihasakar tatha patrakar the. ye bharatiy janajagaran ke aise vicharak the, jinake chintan aur lekhan men sthaniyata aur akhil bharatiyata ka adbhut sngam tha. ye lokamany bal gngadhar tilak ke pakke anuyayi the aur bngal men janajagriti lane ke karan ye 'bngal ke tilak' kahalate the. hindi ke prachar ke lie bhi ye nirntar prayatnashil rahe.

parichay

sakharam ganesh deusakar ka janm 17 disambar 1869 ko devaghar[1] ke pas 'karaun' namak ganv men hua tha, jo ab jharakhnd rajy men hai. marathi mool ke deusakar ke poorvaj maharashtr ke ratnagiri zile men shivaji ke alaban namak kile ke nikat deus ganv ke nivasi the. 18vin sadi men maratha shakti ke vistar ke samay inake poorvaj maharashtr ke deus ganv se akar 'karaun' men bas ge the.

shiksha

panch sal ki avastha men man ka dehant ho jane ke bad balak sakharam ka palan-poshan inaki vidhava bua ke pas hua jo marathi sahity se bhali bhanti parichit thin. inake jatan, upadesh aur parishram ne sakharam men marathi sahity ke prati prem utpann kiya. bachapan men vedon ke adhyayan ke sath hi sakharam ne bngali bhasha bhi sikhi. itihas inaka priy vishay tha. ye bal gngadhar tilak ko apana rajanitik guru manate the. sakharam ganesh deusakar ne san 1891 men devaghar ke ar. mitr haee skool se maitrik ki pariksha pas ki aur sanh 1893 se isi skool men shikshak niyukt ho ge. yahin ve rajanarayan basu ke snpark men ae aur adhyapan ke sath-sath ek or apani samajik-rajanitik drishti ka vikas karate rahe.

lekhan tatha sampadan kary

doosari or ve apani samajik-rajanitik abhivyakti ke lie bangla ki vibhinn patr-patrikaon men rajaniti, samajik aur sahityik vishayon par lekh bhi likhate rahe. sanh 1894 men devaghar men hard nam ka ek angrej majistret tha. usake anyay aur atyachar se janata pareshan thi. deusakar ne usake viruddh kalakatta se prakashit hone vale 'hitavadi' namak patr men kee lekh likhe, jisake parinamasvaroop hard ne deusakar ko skool ki naukari se nikalane ki dhamaki di. usake bad deusakar ji ne adhyapak ki naukari chhod di aur kalakatta (vartaman kolakata) jakar 'hitavadi akhabar' men prooph ridar ke roop men kam karane lage. kuchh samay bad apani asadharan pratibha aur parishram ki kshamata ke adhar par ve 'hitavadi' ke snpadak bana die ge.

sakharam ganesh deusakar snskrit, marathi aur hindi bhasha ke achchhe gyata the. bngala bhasha ke prasiddh patr 'hitavadi' ka ye snpadan karate the. inaki prerana se is patr ka 'hitavarta' ke nam se hindi snskaran nikala, jisaka snpadan pn. baboorav vishnu paradakar ne kiya. hindi men bhi bngala, marathi adi ki bhanti vibhakti shabd se mila kar likhi jae, isake lie deusakar ne ek andolan chalaya tha. inaka ek bada yogadan tha 'desher katha' namak grnth ki rachana. isake pratham snskaran ka pn. baboorav vishnu paradakar ne 'desh ki bat' nam se hindi men anuvad kiya tha. is pustak men paradhin desh ki dasha par prakash dala gaya tha. videshi sarakar ne ise prakashit hote hi jabt kar liya tha, par gupt roop se desh bhar men isaka bahut prachar hua. sakharam ganesh deusakar ka ghar aravind ghosh aur barindr ghosh jaise krantikariyon ka milane ka sthan tha, jo din men patrakarita karate aur ratri men apane dal ke karyon men snlagn rahate. ye lokamany ke pakke anuyayi the aur bngal men janajagriti lane ke karan ye 'bngal ke tilak' kahalate the. hindi ke prachar ke lie bhi ye nirntar prayatnashil rahe.

rachanaen

sakharam ganesh deusakar ke grnthon aur nibndhon ki soochi bahut lnbi hai. daau. prabhunarayan vidyarthi ne ek lenkh men deusakar ki rachanaon ka byora prastut kiya hai. inake pramukh grnth hai-

  1. mahamati ranade (1901)
  2. jhasir rajakumar (1901)
  3. bajirav (1902)
  4. anandi baee (1903)
  5. shivajir mahatv (1903)
  6. shivajir shiksha (1904)
  7. shivaji (1906)
  8. desher katha (1904)
  9. desher katha (parishisht) (1907)
  10. krishaker sarvanash (1904)
  11. tilaker mokaddama o snkshipt jivan charit (1908)


in pustakon ke sath-sath itihas, dharm, snskriti aur marathi sahity se snbndhit unake lekh atynt mahatvapoorn hain.

sarvajanik seva

sakharam ganesh deusakar ne sarvajanik seva kolakata men jakar ki. inhonne kolakata men shivaji mahotsav arnbh karake yuvakon ke andar rashtriyata ki bhavana bhari. ye bng bhng andolan se pahale hi svadeshi ke pravartak the. desh ki svatntrata ko apane jivan ka lakshy manane vale sakharam ne krantikari andolan se bhi snpark rakha aur bngala tatha hindi men sahity ki rachana karake jan-jagriti men yogadan diya. sakharam ganesh deusakar ki adhyakshata men kolakata men 'buddhivardhini sabha' ka gathan hua. is sabha ke madhyam se yuvakon ke gyan men vriddhi to hoti hi thi, sath hi sath inhen rajanitik gyan bhi prapt hota tha aur logon ko svadeshi vastuon ke upayog ki prarena milati thi. 1905 men bng-bhng ke viroddh men jo andolan chala, usamen sakharam ganesh deusakar ka bada yogadan tha.[2]

nidhan

rashtrabhakt sakharam ganesh deusakar ka alp ayu men hi 23 navnbar, 1912 ko nidhan ho gaya.[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. pahale bihar ke antargat
  2. 2.0 2.1 bharatiy charit kosh |lekhak: liladhar sharma 'parvatiy' |prakashak: shiksha bharati, madarasa rod, kashmiri get, dilli |prishth snkhya: 882 |

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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