हरिकृष्ण 'प्रेमी'  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

harikrishn 'premi'
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poora nam harikrishn 'premi'
janm 1908 ee.
janm bhoomi guna, gvaliyar, madhy pradesh
mrityu 1974 ee.
karm-kshetr sahity, kavy
mukhy rachanaen 'svarn vihan', 'raksha-bndhan', 'pratishodh', 'badalon ke par'
prasiddhi sahityakar
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari 'premi' ji ki sarvapratham prakashit rachana 'svarn vihan' (1930 ee.) gati-naty hai. usamen prem aur rashtriyata ki bhavanaon ki badi rasatmak abhivyakti hai.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

harikrishn 'premi' (janm-1908 ee., guna, gvaliyar, madhy pradesh; mrityu-1974 ee.) ka hindi natakakaron men vishisht sthan hai. madhyakalin itihas se katha prasngo ko lekar unhonne hamen rashtriy jagaran, dharm nirapekshata tatha vishv-bndhutv ke mahanh sndesh diye hain. unake natakon men svachchhndavadi shaili ka bada snyamit aur anushasanapoorn upayog hai, isalie unake natak rngamach ki drishti se saphal hain.

parichay

harikrishn 'premi' ka janm 1908 ee. ko guna, gvaliyar, madhy pradesh men hua tha. inaka parivar rashtrabhakt tha tatha inamen bachapan se hi rashtriyata ke snskar the. do varsh ki avastha men mata ki mrityu ho gayi thi. prem ki atript trishna ne unhen svayn 'premi' bana diya. bndhu-bandhavon ke prati snehalu, mitron ke prati anurakt, svadeshanurag, manushy matr ke prati sauhaed-yahi unake antar man ka vikas hai.

sahityik jivan ki shuruat

pn. makhanalal chaturvedi ke sath 'tyagabhoomi' men patrakar ke roop men sahityik jivan ka prarambh kiya. phir kavitaen likhane lage aur usake bad natak rachana ki or pravritti huee. lahaur men patrakar aur prakashak rahe. san 1933-1934 ee. men sahityik kary kiya. svadhinata andolan men bhi bhag lete rahe. lahaur se 'bharati' patrika ka prakashan kiya. san 1946 men lahaur men aur usake bad bambee (vartaman mumbee) men philm-kshetr men kary kiya. harikrishn ne usake bad akashavani jalndhar men hindi digdarshak rahe. bad men bambee men philm-kshetr men kary karate rahe.

rachanaen

'premi' ji ki sarvapratham prakashit rachana 'svarn vihan' (1930 ee.) gati-naty hai. usamen prem aur rashtriyata ki bhavanaon ki badi rasatmak abhivyakti hai. pahale aitihasik natak 'raksha-bndhan' (1938 ee.) men gujarat ke bahadur shah ke akraman ke avasar par chittaud ki raksha ke lie rani karmavati dvara mugal samrat humayoon ko rakhi bhejane ka prasng hai. is rachana ka mool uddeshy hindoo muslim samnjasy ki bhavana jagana hai. 'shiva sadhana' (1937 ee.) men shivaji ki aurngajeb ki sampradayik evn tanashahi niti ke virodhi tatha dharm nirapekshata aur rashtriy bhavana ke snsthapak ke roop men chitrit kiya gaya hai. 'pratishodh' (1937 ee.) men chhatrapal dvara bundelakhand ki shaktiyon ko ekatr karake aurngajeb se takkar lene ka prasng hai. 'ahuti' (1940 ee.) men ranathambhaur ke hammir dev dvara sharanagat raksha ke lie alauddin khilaji se sngharsh aur atm balidan ki katha hai. 'svapnabhng' (1940 ee.) men dara ki parajay se dharm nirapekshata ke adarsh ke khandit hone ka dukh:d drishy hai. 'mitr' (1945 ee.), 'navin sngya', 'shatarnj ke khiladi' men yuddh-kshetr men paraspar ek doosare ka virodh karate hue bhi do vyaktiyon ke mitrata nirvah ka akhyan hai. 'vishapan' (1945 ee.) men mevad ki rajakumari ka svadesh-raksha ke lie atmaghat ka prasng hai. 'uddhar', 'bhagn prachir', 'prakashastambh', 'kirtistambh', 'vida' aur saunpon ki srishti men bhi madhyakalin katha-prasng hi liye gaye hain. 'shapath' aur 'savnt pravartan' adimayugin itihas par adharit hai. 'snrakshak' ka katha-prasng angrezi rajy ke prarambhik kal se usaki 'yen ken prakaren' samrajy vistar ki niti ko spasht karane ke lie liya gaya hai. 'patal vijay' (1936 ee.) 'premi' ji ka ekamatr pauranik natak hai.

natay rachanaen

'premi' ji ne samajik natak bhi likhe hain. 'bndhan' (1940 ee.) men majadooron aur poonjipati ke sngharsh ka chitran hai. samasya ka hal gandhi ji ki hriday-parivartan ki niti par adharit hai. 'chhaya' (1941 ee.) men ek sahityakar ke arthik sngharsh ka chitran hai. 'mamata' men dampaty jivan ki samasyaon ka udghatan hai. 'premi' ji ki ekanki rachana 'bediyan' men bhi isi samasya ko liya gaya hai. 'premi' ji ke do ekanki sngrah 'mndir' (1942 ee.) aur 'badalon ke par' (1942 ee.) bhi prakashit hue hai. pahale sngrah ki sabhi rachanaen 'nayi sngya' dekar naye sngrah men bhi hai. 'badalon ke par', 'ghar ya hotal', 'vani mndir', 'naya samaj', 'yah meri janm bhoomi hai', aur 'pashchattap' ekankiyon men aj ki samajik samasyaon ka chitran hai. 'yah bhi ek khel hai', 'prem andha hai', 'roop shikha', 'matribhoomi ka man' aur 'nishthut nyay', aitihasik ekanki hain. inamen prem ke ardashavadi aur vidrohi svaroop ko prastut kiya gaya hai.[1]

'premi' ji ne idhar giti-naty ki shaili ke kee prayog kiye hain. 'sohani mahival', 'sassi punnoo', 'mirja sahiba', 'hir ranjha' aur 'dullabhatti'. ye sabhi pnjab men prasiddh prem-gathaon par adharit rediyon ke lie likhit sngit roopak hain. prem ke ekanishth aur vidrohi roopako inamen bhi upasthit kiya gaya hai. devadasi' sngit-roopak men bhi kalpanik katha ko lekar prem ko manushy ka svabhavik gunadharm dikhaya gaya hai. 'miranbaee' men vyaktigat jivan ki kathorataon se prerit hokar giridhar gopal ki madhuri upasana men ashray lene vali miran ki jivan-katha hai.

harikrishn ji ka hindi natakakaron men apana vishisht sthan hai. madhyakalin itihas se katha prasngo ko lekar unhonne hamen rashtriy jagaran, dharm nirapekshata tatha vishv-bndhutv ke mahanh sndesh diye hain. unake natakon men svachchhndavadi shaili ka bada snyamit aur anushasanapoorn upayog hai, isalie unake natak rngamach ki drishti se saphal hain. unake samajik natakon men vartaman jivan ki vishamntaon ke prati tivr akrosh aur vidroh ka svar sunane ko milata hai. kisi samasya ka chitran karate hue ve usaka hal avashy dete hain aur is sambndh men gandhi ji ke jivan-darshan ka un par vishesh prabhav hai.

kavita-sngrah
  • 'premi' ji ka kavita-sngrah 'ankhon men' (1930 ee.) prem ke virah-vidagdh vedanamay svaroop svaroop ki abhivyakti hai.
  • 'jadoogarani' (1932 ee.) men kabir ki 'maya mahathagini' ke mohak prabhav ka varnan evn rahasyatmak anubhootiyon ki vynjana hai.
  • 'annt ke path par' (1932 ee.) rahasyanubhoomi ko auraghanibhoot roop men upasthit karata hai.
  • 'agnigan' (1940 ee.) men kavi anal vina lekar rashtriy jagaran ke git ya utha hai.
  • 'roop darshan' men gajal aur giti-shaili ke sammilit vidhan men saundary ke mohak prabhav ko vani mili hai.
  • 'pratibha' men premi ka pranay-nivedan bada mukhar ho utha hai.
  • 'vndana ke bol' men gandhi ji aur unake jivan darshan par likhit rachanaen hain.
  • 'roop rekha' men gajal ke band ka sashakt prayog aur 'premi' ke hriday ki akul pukar hai 'premi' ji ne mukt chhnd men bhi kuchh rachanaen ki hain.
  • 'karana hai sngram', 'beti ki vida' aur 'bahan ka vivah'- ye sabhi snsmaranatmak hain aur inamen 'premi ji' ke vidrohi drishtikon, navin manyataon aur nootan adarshon ki badi prabhavapoorn abhivyakti hai.

mrityu

harikrishn 'premi' ji ki mrityu 1974 ee. men huee thi.[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. hindi sahity kosh |lekhak: dhirendr varma (pradhan) |prakashak: gyanamandal limited varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari |prishth snkhya: 671 |
  2. Hari Krishna Premi, Indian Theatre Personality (hindi) indiyanetajon. abhigaman tithi: 22 aktoobar, 2016.

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