पण्डित मुखराम शर्मा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

pandit mukharam sharma
pandit mukharam sharma
poora nam pandit mukharam sharma
janm 30 mee, 1909
janm bhoomi merath, uttar pradesh
mrityu 25 aprail, 2000
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr katha, patakatha aur snvad lekhak
mukhy filmen 'vachan', 'gharana', 'dhool ka phool', 'dadi man', 'main sundar hoon', 'sntan', 'patnga', 'do kaliyan', 'raja aur rnk', 'ek hi rasta' adi.
puraskar-upadhi 'filmafeyar puraskar' (tin bar), 'sngit natak akadami puraskar' (1961), 'merath ratn puraskar', 'zi laifataim achivament puraskar' (2000)
prasiddhi patakatha lekhak
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari apane panch hazar rupaye ki vah dhanarashi, jo 'sadhana' film ke lie 'filmafeyar puraskar' dvara prapt ki thi, ek kanya pathashala ko dan kar di thi.

pandit mukharam sharma (angrezi: Mukhram Sharma; janm- 30 mee, 1909, merath, uttar pradesh; mrityu- 25 aprail, 2000) 'bharatiy sinema' men apane samay ke khyatiprapt patakatha lekhak the. ve merath se sadharan shakhs ke taur par mayanagari munbee pahunche the aur filmi duniya men katha, patakatha aur snvad lekhak ke taur par ek mahanh hasti ka darja paya tha. poore bharat se film vitarak mukharam sharma ko fon karake poochha karate the ki unaki agali film kaun-si hai aur kisake sath hai. us samay mukharamaji ka javab kisi film ke sabhi adhikar raton-rat bikavane ki garnti hua karata tha. ve jo likh rahe hote the, usaka traik rakhane ke lie vitarak aur nirmata unake ghar ke niyamit chakkar lagate rahate the. unake pas apani pasnd ke nirmata aur nirdeshakon ko apani kahaniyan ko bechane ka vishesh adhikar prapt tha.

jivan parichay

pndit mukharam sharma ka janm 30 mee, 1909 men merath ke qila parikshitagadh kshetr ke ek ganv poothi men hua tha. unhonne apane vyavasayik jivan ki shuruat hindi aur snskrit ke shikshak ke roop men ki thi. mukharamaji merath men hi shikshak ke pad par niyukt hue the, lekin shikshan kary se pyar karane ke bavajood bhi ve apane bhitar ek kami mahasoos karate the. unhonne mahasoos kiya ki shikshan unaka asali vyavasay nahin tha.[1]

mumbee agaman

filmen dekhana mukharam sharma ji bahut pasnd karate the aur "prabhat film knpani" aur "nyoo thiyetar" dvara banaee gee filmon ke bade shaukin tatha prashnsak the. patrikaon ke lie laghu kahaniyan aur kavitaen likhane vale mukharam sharma ne nishchay kiya ki ab ve filmon ke lie bhi likhana shuroo karenge. vah merath men apane ek mitr ke pas ge, jo hindi film udyog ke sath juda hua tha aur mumbee ata-jata rahata tha. unhonne use apani ek kahani sunaee. dost unase itana prabhavit hua ki usane mukharamaji se apane sath mumbee ane ko kaha. is prakar varsh 1939 men mukharam sharma sapanon ke shahar mumbee a gaye.

prarnbhik nirasha

shuruat men mukharam sharma ji ko saphalata prapt nahin huee. film nirmataon ne is pratibhashali lekhak ka svagat nahin kiya aur mukharam bahut hi hatasha aur nirasha men apani patni aur bachchon ke sath, jo unake sath hi munbee rahane a gaye the, pune chale ge. ve 'prabhat films', jise vi. shantaram chala rahe the, pahunche aur vahan chalis rupaya prati mah par kalakaro ko marathi sikhane ki jimmedari svikar kar li.

saphalata ki prapti

varsh 1942 men unhen raja nene dvara nirdeshit film "das baje" ke git likhane ka mauka mila, jisamen urmila aur paresh banarji adakari kar rahe the. film 'das baje' ek supar hit sabit huee. is prarnbhik saphalata ke chalate mukharam sharma ko raja harishchndr aur taramati ki prem kahani par adharit shobhana samarth abhinit raja nene ki agali film "taramati" likhane ka avasar mila. yah film n sirf ek badi hit sabit huee balki mukharamaji dvara isake turnt bad likhi geen agali do filmon 'vishnu bhagavan' aur 'nal damaynti' ko bhi safalata mili. kintu ab mukharam sharma ek badalav chahate the aur unaki kamana samajik samasyaon ke vishayon par bhi kahani likhane ki thi.[1]

yah avasar bhi mukharam sharma ko jald hi mil gaya. unhen yah mauka tab mila, jab raja nene ne agyat marathi abhinetao ke sath unaki ek shurooati kahani par film banayi. lekin yah film asaphal rahi. isake bad unaki agali marathi film "stri janma tujhi kahani" ko bhari safalata mili. yah film nirdeshak datta dharmadhikari ke sath thi, jinhonne mukharamaji ki ek laghu katha ko marathi men bana dala tha. is film ki saphalata yadagar rahi aur bad men ise "aurat teri yahi kahani" film ke roop men hindi men punarnirmit bhi kiya gaya. isake bad halanki unake pune sthit ghar men nirmataon ka tanta bndh gaya tha, kintu mukharamaji usaki anadekhi karake munbee laut ae. ab saphalata unake qadam choom rahi thi.

pramukh filmen

pndit mukharam sharma ki mumbee men film 'aulad' thi. jab varsh 1954 men yah film parade par aee to isaki saphalata ke bad mukharamaji ne phir pichhe mudakar nahin dekha. 1955 men apani kahani ke lie pahala 'film pheyar puraskar' lene ke bad unhonne nimnalikhit saphal filmen likhin-

mukharam sharma dvara likhit pramukh filmen
kr. sn. film kr. sn. film
1. vachan 2. ek hi rasta
3. dushman 4. sadhana
5. sntan 6. bahanen
7. talaq 8. dhool ka phool
9. samadhi 10. hamajoli
11. vachan 12. svapn suhane
13. patnga 14. dadi man
15. jine ki rah 16. main sundar hoon
17. raja aur rnk 18. do kaliyan
19. gharana 20. grihasthi
21. pyar kiya to darana kya 22. hamajoli
23. naukar 24. sau din sas ke

mukharam sharma ji ne varsh 1958 men ek nirmata ke taur par 'talaq' aur 'sntan' sahit adha darjan filmen banaee thin. samajik samasyaon par prakash dalane aur apani kahaniyon ke dvara unaka hal dhoondhane men unaki ruchi ne unake lekhan ke pichhe ki asali takat ke roop men kam kiya. unaki lagabhag sabhi filmen apani samajik tippani aur sudhar ki disha men die ge sujhavon ke karan pasnd ki jati thin. film 'ek hi rasta' vidhavaon ki samasyaon par adharit thi. 'vachan' ek avivahit beti ki kahani thi, jo apane parivar ka lalan-palan karati hai. film 'svapn suhane' bhaiyon aur unake parasparik snbndhon ki kahani thi, jabaki 'patnga' men malik aur naukar ke bich ke snvedanashil rishte ko pramukhata ke sath prastut kiya gaya tha.[1]

'sadhana' film

mukharamaji ki sabase mashahoor filmon men se ek 'sadhana' gahari antardrishti ke sath ek veshya ke jivan par prakash dalati hai. yah vakalat karati hai ki veshyavritti ek aisi samajik pratha hai, jahan purush bhi saman roop se zimmedar hai aur koee bhi veshya sabase pahale ek stri hai phir kuchh aur. apani is film ke madhyam se mukharamaji ji ne samaj ke samaksh yah bat rakhi ki ek veshya ko samaj dvara svikar kiya jana chahie. unhonne film ke madhyam se darshakon ko vishvas dilaya ki yah n sirf snbhav hai balki sahi bhi hai. baauks-aauphis par 'sadhana' film ki saphalata ne yah sabit kar dikhaya ki mukharamaji samay ke sath the aur unhen apane darshakon ki nabz ki poori tarah samajh thi.

rochak prasng

film 'sadhana' ke nirman ke bare men ek dilachasp kissa bhi hai. is film ki kahani ko poora karane ke bad mukharamaji bimal raauy ke pas gaye aur unase isaka nirdeshan karane ke lie agrah kiya. bimal raauy ne 'mohan stoodiyo' men milane ka sujhav diya aur kar yatra ke dauran mukharamaji se 'sadhana' ki kahani sunane ko kaha. kahani sunate hi bimal raauy isake bold vishay se prabhavit hokar turnt ise banane par sahamat ho gaye. lekin ve ek ulajhan men the ki is kahani ko darshakon dvara svikar kiya jaega ya nahin. unhonne film ka ant badalane ke lie ek sujhav diya. unaka dava tha ki 'rajini' (urf champabaee, abhinetri vaijaynti mala dvara nibhaya gaya charitr) choonki ek badanam aurat hai, log use bahoo ke roop men svikar nahin karenge. isalie kahani ko usaki maut ke sath samapt karana behatar hoga. mukharamaji ne bimal da ko suna aur draivar se gadi rokane ko kaha. ve kar se bahar a gaye, bimal da ko laga ki mukharamaji shnka nivaran athava kisi aur avashyak kary hetu utare hain, parantu unake ashchary ka thikana na raha, jab mukharamaji vahan se chal die. unhonne ek taiksi li aur sidhe bi. ar. chopada ke pas pahunche, jo kahani ko jas ka tas filmane ke lie razi the.[1]

pandit mukharam sharma aur bi. ar. chopada ne lambe arase tak ek sath kam kiya. bi. ar. chopada unake antim dinon tak gahare dost bhi bane rahe. chopada ne hamesha apani filmon men mukharamaji ke yogadan ko bharapoor saraha tatha unhen hamari saphalata ka lekhak (aauthar aauf aauvar sakses) kah kar unaka samman kiya.

dakshin ki or prasthan

pandit mukharam sharma ne ane vale varshon men ek shanadar sitare ka darza hasil kiya aur unaka mahatv is bat se pata chalata hai ki ve apani likhi film men kahani, patakatha aur snvad ke lie alag-alag kredits liya karate the. bad men ve nayadoo ki film 'devata' likhane ke lie dakshin bharat ki or chale ge. phir ek ke bad ek el. vi. prasad ki 'dadi man', 'jine ki rah', 'main sundar hoon', 'raja aur rnk'; eviem stoodiyo ki 'do kaliyan'; jaimini films ki 'gharana, 'grihasthi' tatha any nirmataon ke lie 'pyar kiya to darana kya' aur 'hamajoli' jaisi anekon filmen likhate chale gaye. ye sabhi filmen us samay ki badi hits thin. prasiddhi aur saubhagy ki varsha se bina dige pandit mukharam sharma ne 70 varsh ki umr men ek lambi filmi pari khelane ke bad lekhan kary se sevanivritt hone ka phaisala kar liya. varsh 1980 men film 'naukar' aur 'sau din sas ke' pradarshit hone ke bad ve merath vapas laut ae.

puraskar tatha samman

pndit mukharam sharma ne apane behatarin kam ke lie kee puraskar bhi jite. varsh 1950 se 1970 tak unake ullekhaniy puraskaron men tin 'filmafeyar puraskar' bhi the, jo unhen film 'aulad', 'vachan' aur 'sadhana' ke lie mile the. varsh 1961 men unhen pratishthit 'sngit natak akadami puraskar' bhi mila, jise unhonne tatkalin rashtrapati rajendr prasad se grahan kiya tha. mukharamaji 'merath ratn puraskar' se bhi navaze gaye, jo unhen merath ko die gaye apane utkrisht yogadan ke lie pradan kiya gaya tha. filmon men unake yogadan ke lie unhen "impa"[2] aur 'tivi kalakar esosieshan' se bhi samman hasil hue. faravari 2000 men unake nidhan se thoda pahale unhen 'zi laifataim achivament puraskar' se bhi sammanit kiya gaya tha.[1]

vyaktitv

pandit mukharam sharma hamesha zamin se jude vyakti rahe. ve kadi mehanat ki sarahana karate the aur samay ke mahatv ko bhali-bhanti samajhate the. unhen nayi karon ka shauq tha aur un dinon men unhonne embaisaidar kar ka navinatam maaudal bhi apane lie kharida tha, kintu safalata ne is sadharan adami ko nahin badala. halanki ve munbee film sarkit ki badi se badi hasti ke sath uthate-baithate the, lekin unhonne isaki khumari ko kabhi apane par havi nahin hone diya. unaki duniya unake kamare tak hi simit thi, jo unaka aaufis bhi tha. ve apani prerana dhoondhane ke lie hotal ya shahar ke bahar jana pasnd nahin karate the. apane kamare men apane dirghakalik sahayogi vishnu meharotra ke sath baith kar, mukharamaji roz savere niyamit taur par lekhan karate the. dopahar ke bhojan bad ve nirmataon se milana pasnd karate the. saphalata ne unhen aur adhik vinamr banane aur apani jadon se bandhe rakhane men hi sahayog diya. 5000 rupaye ki vah dhanarashi, jo unhonne 'sadhana' film ke lie 'filmafeyar puraskar' dvara prapt ki thi, poothi ​​ki kanya pathashala ko dan kar diye the.

nidhan

apani badhati huee umr men bhi mukharamaji ne likhane ka silasila jari rakha aur kee kahaniyan tatha adha darjan se bhi adhik upanyas prakashit karavaye. apane bad ke varshon men mukharamaji, jinaka nam darshak film ke postars par dekhane ke murid the, prasiddhi aur paise ki taraf mudane men zara bhi dilachaspi nahin rakhata tha. unhonne apane priyajanon ke bich apane shahar men 25 aprail, 2000 ko merath men apani antim sans li. yadyapi unake bete ramasharan ne 'svapn suhane', 'devar bhabhi', 'bahanen' aur 'patnga' jaisi filmon ke nirman ke zariye apane pita ke padachihnon par chalane ka prayas kiya, par mukharamaji apane bachchon ko film udyog men lane ke lie utsuk nahin the. isaka mukhy karan tha- unaka apana prarnbhik varshon ka kathinatam sngharsh.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 atit ka jharokha (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 2 march, 2013.
  2. (aee.em.pi.ai.ai.)

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