सदल मिश्र  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

sadal mishr
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poora nam sadal mishr
janm lagabhag 1767-1768 ee.
janm bhoomi ara, bihar, bharat
mrityu 1847-1848 ee.
mrityu sthan bharat
abhibhavak nandamani mishr
karm-kshetr adhyapak, gady lekhak
mukhy rachanaen nasiketopakhyan ya chandravati (1803 ee.), ramacharit (1806 ee.), phoolanh ke bichhane, sonam ke thambh, chahundisi, barate the, bajane laga, kandati hai (rone ke arth men), ganchhon (vriksh ke arth men)
bhasha brajabhasha, poorabi boli, bangla
any janakari hindi ke pahale gadyakar, jinaki gady-shaili hi age chalakar hindi men svikrit huee. inake alava us samay tin aur gadyakar the- lalloo lalaji, insha alla khan aur sadasukhalal.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

sadal mishr (janm- 1767-1768 ee., ara, bihar, bharat; mrityu- 1847-1848 ee., bharat) hindi ke pahale gadyakar, jinaki gady-shaili hi age chalakar hindi men svikrit huee.

jivan parichay

sadal mishr bihar prant ke shahabad zile ke dhruvadiha ganv ke rahane vale shakadvipiy brahman the. inake pita ka nam nandamani mishr tha. inaka janm anumanat: sanh 1767 se 1768 ee. men hua tha. yah kalakatta ke fort viliyam kaaulej ke hindustani vibhag men adhyapak the. sadal mishr sadaiv asthayi adhyapak ke roop men hi kary karate rahe, kyonki kaaulej ke sthayi adhyapakon ki soochi ne inaka nam hi nahin milata.

kritiyan

sadal mishr ki do gady kritiyan prasiddh hain-

  1. 'nasiketopakhyan' ya 'chandravati' (1803 ee.)
  2. 'ramacharit' (1806 ee.)

'nasiketopakhyan' aur 'ramacharit'

'nasiketopakhyan', 'yajurved', 'kathopanishad' aur puranon men varnit hai. sadal mishr ne ise svatntr roop se khadiboli gady men prastut karake sarvajan sulabh bana diya. inaki varnan shaili manornjan aur kavyatmak hai. yah nagari pracharini sabha, kashi se prakashit ho chuki hai. 'ramacharit' 'adhyatm ramayan' ka hindi roopantar hai. isaki rachana gil kraist ke agrah par arabi aur farasi ke shabdon se rahit shuddh khadiboli men ki gee hai. idhar bihar rashtrabhasha parishad ne 'sadalamishr granthavali' ke antargat uparyukt donon kritiyon- 'nasiketopakhyan', 'ramacharit'-ka sundar snskaran 1960 ee. men prakashit kiya hai.

vishesh mahattv

sadal mishr ka prarambhik khadi boli gady lekhakon men vishesh mahattv hai. ramachandr shukl ke anusar “inhonne vyavaharopayogi bhasha likhane ka prayatn kiya hai”. shyamasundar das ne tatkalin gady lekhakon men insha ke bad inaka doosara sthan svikar kiya hai. doosara sthan hone par bhi inaki bhasha parimarjit nahin kahi ja sakati. shabd snghatan aur vaky vinyas donon men hi brajabhasha, poorabi boli aur bangla in tinon ka prabhav spasht lakshit hota hai.

  • 'phoolanh ke bichhane', 'sonam ke thambh', 'chahundisi', adi prayog brajabhasha ke hain.
  • 'barate the', 'bajane laga', 'matari', 'jaun' adi prayog poorabi boli ke hain.
  • isi prakar 'kandati hai',[1] 'ganchhon' (vriksh ke arth men) adi kee shabd bangla se a gaye hain.

khadi boli ke agrah aur brajabhasha ke snskar ke karan kahin-kahin par shabdon ka ek naya roop dhal gaya hai. 'avate', 'javate', 'puravate' adi shabd isi prakar ke hain. inhonne 'aur' ke lie pray: 'vo' ka prayog kiya hai. inamen vyakaran ki trutiyan bhi hain aur panditaoopan ke prabhav se utpann hone vali shithilata bhi. samast durbalataon ke bavazood inaki bhasha men adhunik “hindi gady ke many svaroop ka poora-poora abhas mil jata hai. inaki bhasha tatsam shabd - rashi ka adhikadhik bhar vahan karane ki shakti ki parichayak hai aur parishkar se parimarjit adhunik hindi ka roop grahan kar sakati hai." is drishti se hindi gady ke vikas men sadal mishr ji ka aitihasik mahattv hai. [2]

mrityu

sadal mishr ji ki mrityu lagabhag sanh 1847 se 1848 ee. men huee thi.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. rone ke arth men
  2. sahayak granth - sadal mishr granthavali, bihar rashtrabhasha parishad, patana

snbndhit lekh

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