कन्हैयालाल माणिकलाल मुंशी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kanhaiyalal manikalal munshi
kanhaiyalal munshi
poora nam kanhaiyalal manikalal munshi
janm 29 disnbar, 1887
janm bhoomi bhadoch (gujarat)
mrityu 8 pharavari, 1971
mrityu sthan bambee (mumbee)
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddhi svatntrata senani, rajaneta, qanoon visheshgy, sahityakar tatha shikshavid
dharm hindoo
andolan hom rool andolan, baradoli satyagrah, namak satyagrah, savinay avgya andolan
vidyalay bambee vishvavidyalay
shiksha el.el.bi. (vakalat)
vishesh yogadan bharatiy vidya bhavan ki sthapana
pad rajyapal (uttar pradesh)
karyakal 2 joon, 1952 se 9 joon 1957 tak
any janakari snvidhan-nirman ke lie banayi gayi samitiyon men se kanhaiyalal munshi sabase zyada gyarah samitiyon ke sadasy banaye gaye the.

kanhaiyalal manikalal munshi (angrezi: Kanaiyalal Maneklal Munshi, janm: 29 disnbar, 1887; mrityu: 8 pharavari, 1971) bharat ke svatntrata senani, rajaneta, qanoon visheshgy v gujarati, angreji, hindi ke prasiddh sahityakar tatha shikshavid the, jo bambee ke grihamntri, uttar pradesh ke rajyapal bhi rahe the. bharat sarakar ke khady mntri pad par rahe. unhonne mumbee men bharatiy vidya bhavan ki sthapana ki. inhonne munshi premachnd ke sath hns ka snpadan bhi snbhala tha.

jivan parichay

kanhaiyalal munshi ka janm bhadoch (gujarat) ke uchch sushikshit bhagarv brahman parivar men hua tha. kanhaiyalal ki prarambhik shiksha apani man ke dharmik giton aur kathaon se huee. badauda men apani mahavidyaliy shiksha ke dauran kanhaiyalal munshi ko adhyapak ke roop men aravind ghosh (maharshi aravind) ka sannidhy mila. is sampark se munshi ke man men aupaniveshik shasan ke viruddh hathiyarabnd vidroh ka snkalp jaga. sath hi isi sampark ne munshi ke hriday men bharat ki gauravashali sanskritik, bauddhik tatha adhyatmik dharohar ke prati agadh shraddha bhi bhar di. 1910 men munshi ne bambee vishvavidyalay se elelabi ki upadhi prapt ki aur vakalat shuroo karane ke bad bahut kam samay men hi bambee uchch nyayalay ke pramukh vakilon men se ek ban gaye. hindoo kanoon par munshi ko asadharan maharat thi kyonki unhonne yah gyan keval kanooni kitabon se nahin balki mitakshar v dharmashastron ke gambhir v tarkasngat adhyayan se prapt kiya tha.

bharatiy vidya bhavan ki sthapana

svadhinata se lagabhag das sal pahale navambar, 1938 men unhonne bharatiy vidya bhavan ki sthapana ki taki bharat ke vartaman tatha bhavishy ko bharat ke sanskritik aur vaicharik punarjagaran se snjoya ja sake. 1938 men munshi aur unake tin mitron dvara diye gaye 250 rupaye prati varsh ke yogadan se sthapit bharatiy vidya bhavan ke aj sare vishv men lagabhag 120 kendr aur inase jude hue 350 se adhik shaikshanik snsthan hain. bhavan se snbndhit kee snsthanon men injiniyaring, soochana praudyogiki, mainejament, snchar v patrakarita, vigyan, kala v vanijy ki padhaee ki vyavastha hai. lekin in sabase oopar bhavan ne bharatiy vidya ke adhyayan-adhyapan par sarvadhik dhyan diya hai.

svatntrata sngram men yogadan

bharat ki svadhinata ke lie atur kanhaiyalal munshi pahale vishv-yuddh ke dauran eni besent ke hom rool andolan se jud gaye lekin bad men gandhi ke sampark men ane par unhonne kangres ka sath dene ka faisala kiya. saradar vallabhabhaee patel ke netritv men 1928 ke baradoli satyagrah men kanhaiyalal munshi ji ne badh-chadh kar hissa liya. isi prakar 1930 ke namak satyagrah men munshi ne sapatnik bhagidari ki. namak satyagrah men bhagidari ke chalate unhen chhah mahine ka karavas bhi bhugatana pada. 1931 men savinay avgya andolan men bhag lene ke dandasvaroop munshi ko do sal ki saza sunayi gayi. 1937 men kanhaiyalal munshi ko tatkalin baaumbe presidensi ki pahali nirvachit sarakar men mntri pad par niyukt kiya gaya. halanki unaki vyaktigat pasnd kanoon v shiksha mntralay thi, lekin unhen grih mntralay jaise mahattvapoorn vibhag ka uttaradayitv saunpa gaya. yah us daur ki bat hai jab angrezi hukoomat bharatiyon ko svashasan ke lie poornatah aksham manati thi. visheshakar sampradayik masalon par vah bharatiyon ko viphal dekhana chahati thi. lekin munshi ne apane grihamntri ke karyakal men karyakushalata, nishpakshata v nyayapriyata ka namoona pesh kiya.

snvidhan-nirman men yogadan

svatntr bharat ke lie naye snvidhan-nirman ke rachayitaon men adarshavad v yatharthavad ke mishran ki avashyakata thi. rajanitik antardrishti aur kushagr kanooni buddhi se paripoorn kanhaiyalal munshi is kary men sabase daksh mane gaye. snvidhan-nirman ke lie banayi gayi samitiyon men se munshi sabase zyada gyarah samitiyon ke sadasy banaye gaye. daau. bhimarav ambedakar ki adhyakshata men banayi gayi snvidhan nirman ki praroop samiti men kanoon men ‘har vyakti ko saman snrakshan’ ke siddhant ka masavida munshi aur ambedakar ne snyukt roop se likha tha. isi prakar kee adachanon aur vyavadhanon ke bavajood hindi tatha devanagari lipi ko naye bharatiy sngh ki rajabhasha ka sthan dilane men munshi ne sabase pramukh bhoomika nibhayi. 14 sitambar, 1949 ko snvidhan sabha ke is nirnay ko prati varsh hindi divas ke roop men manaya jata hai. snvidhan-nirman men kanhaiyalal munshi ka sabase zyada dhyan ek mazaboot kendr ke antargat snghiy pranali vikasit karana tha, desi riyasaton ke bharat men vilay ki mushkilon ke sndarbh men aur asnkhy vividhataon vale is nav-svatntr rashtr men munshi sahit any snvidhan-nirmataon ne ek mazaboot kendriy sarakar ko aparihary mana. kanhaiyalal munshi ke lie bharatiy snvidhan ki pahali pnkti ‘indiya dait iz bharat’ vakyansh ka arth keval ek bhoobhag nahin balki ek antahin sabhyata hai, aisi sabhyata jo apane atm-navinikaran ke zariye sadaiv jivit rahati hai.

uttar pradesh ke rajyapal

1947 men haidarabad ke nizam ne apani riyasat ko svatntr rashtr ki manyata dene ki mang ki to is samasya ko sulajhane ke lie bharat sarakar ne munshi ko haidarabad men bharat sarakar ka pratinidhi (ejent janaral) niyukt kiya. haidarabad rajy ke bharat men vilay ke bad tatkalin grih mntri saradar patel ne is abhiyan men munshi ki aham bhoomika ki bahut prashnsa ki. apane is durooh kary ko sampann karane ke bad munshi ne is par apane snsmaran d aind aauf ain ira (haidarabad memoirs) namak ek pustak bhi likhi. daau. rajendr prasad ke rashtrapati chune jane ke bad munshi kendriy mntrimandal men unake sthan par krishi v khady mntri bane. isi dauran unhonne paryavaran tatha vaniki ke snrakshan ke lie kee karagar prayas arambh kiye. har varsh julaee men ayojit van mahotsav kanhaiyalal munshi ke unhin prayason ki hi den hai. svatntr bharat men somanath mndir ka punarnirman bhi munshi ke ejende par tha. unaki is sakriyata ke karan pradhanamntri pn. javaharalal neharoo ne ek kaibinet baithak ke bad kanhaiyalal munshi se kaha ki ap somanath mndir ki punahsthapana ke lie jo prayas kar rahe hain, ve mujhe pasnd nahin hain. 1952 se 1957 tak kanhaiyalal munshi uttar pradesh rajy ke rajyapal rahe. 1959 men munshi kangres parti ki sadasyata se tyagapatr dekar chakravarti rajagopalachari ki svatntr parti men shamil ho gaye. isake kuchh samay bad unhonne bharatiy janasngh ki sadasyata grahan kar li.

sahityik parichay

ek rachanakar aur sampadak ke roop men kanhaiyalal munshi ki upalabdhiyan anoothi hain, jaise yng indiya akhabar ka sampadan aur munshi premachnd ke sath hns patrika ka sampadan. kanhaiyalal munshi ek asadharan sahityakar the. unhonne gujarati, hindi v angrezi men sau se zyada utkrisht grnthon ki rachana ki. ek sahity sevak ke roop men unhonne gujarati sahity parishadh, snskrit vishvaparishadh tatha hindi sahity sammalen ki aguaee bhi ki. ek shikshavidh ke roop men bhi munshi ne anek shaikshanik snsthanon ki sthapana ki. iname sabase ullekhaniy hai saradar patel ke sath mil kar annd men bharatiy krishi snsthan ki sthapana, jo aj ek poorn vishvavidyalay hai.

nidhan

kanhaiyalal manikalal munshi ka dehant 8 faravari, 1971 ko hua.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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