बारदोली सत्याग्रह  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

baradoli satyagrah 'bharatiy rashtriy andolan' ka sabase sngathit, vyapak evn saphal andolan raha hai. yah andolan sarakar dvara badhaye ge 30 pratishat kar ke virodh men chalaya gaya tha. baradoli ke 'medata bandhuon' (kalyan ji aur kunvar ji) tatha dayal ji ne kisanon ke samarthan men 1922 ee. se andolan chalaya. bad men isaka netritv saradar vallabh bhaee patel ne kiya. soorat (gujarat) ke baradoli taluke men 1920 ee. men kisanon dvara 'lagan' n adayagi ka andolan chalaya gaya. is andolan men keval 'kunabi-patidar' jatiyon ke bhoo-svami kisanon ne hi nahin, balki 'kaliparaj' (kale log) janajati ke logon ne bhi hissa liya. sarakar dvara niyukt nyayik adhikari broomafild aur rajasv adhikari maiksavel ne mamale ki janch ki aur badhottari ko galat thaharite hue ise ghatakar 6.03 pratishat kar diya. andolan ke saphal hone par vahan ki mahilaon ne patel ko 'saradar' ki upadhi pradan ki.

gandhi ji ka yogadan

137 ganvon evn 87,000 janasnkhya vale baradoli men kisanon ki mukhy jati 'kunabi-patidar' 1908 ee. se kunvar ji evn kalyan ji mehata ke netritv men sngathit hone lagi thi. is sngathan ne 'patidar yuvak mndal' evn 'patel bandhu' namak patrikaon ka prakashan kiya. patidar kisanon ki zamin 'dubala adivasi' jota karate the, jinhen 'kaliparaj' bhi kaha jata tha. baradoli satyagrah ke samay 'kaliparaj' adivasiyon ka nam gandhi ji ne badalakar 'raniparaj' rakh diya. kisan sngharsh evn rashtriy svatntrata sngharsh ke antah snbndhon ki vyakhya baradoli kisan sngharsh ke sndarbh men karate hue gandhi ji ne kaha ki 'baradoli sngharsh chahe jo kuchh bhi ho, yah rajasv prapti ka sngharsh nahin hai. lekin is tarah ka har sngharsh, har koshish hamen svaraj ke qarib pahuncha rahi hai aur hamen svaraj ki mnzil tak pahunchane men shayad ye sngharsh sidhe svaraj ke lie sngharsh se kahin jyada sahayak siddh ho sakate hain.'

anshik saphalata

baradoli kshetr men kaliparaj janajati ko 'hali paddhati' ke antargat uchch jatiyon ke yahan pushtaini mazadoor ke roop men kary karana hota tha. gandhi ji ki salah par baradoli ke karyakataon dvara kaliparajon ka sammelan ayojit hota tha. 1927 ee. ke is sammelan ki adhyakshata gandhi ji ne ki tatha 1927 ee. men hi kaliparajon ke varshik sammelan ki adhyakshata karate hue kaliparaon ko raniparaj (banavasi) ki upadhi di. kangres ne apane virodh dvara lagan men ki gayi 30 pratishat ki badhottari ko anuchit siddh kiya. bade paimane par isaka virodh hua. ant men is satyagrah ko anshik saphalata prapt huee, jab 1927 ee. men sarakar ne kar ko ghatakar 21.9 pratishat karane ki ghoshan ki.

vallabh bhaee ka netritv

4 faravari, 1928 ee. ko vallabh bhaee patel ne baradoli kisan satyagrah ka netritv snbhala. sarvapratham badhi huee lagan ke viruddh sarakar ko patr likha gaya, kintu sarakar dvara kuchh sakaratmak uttar nahin mila. parinamasvaroop patel ne kisanon ko sngathit kiya tatha unhen lagan n ada karane ke lie kaha. doosari taraf kangres ke naramapnthi gut ne 'sarvents aauf indiya sosaiti' ke madhyam se sarakar dvara kisanon ki mang ki janch karavane ka anurodh kiya. 'baradoli satyagrah' nam se ek dainik patrika nikali gayi. bambee vidhan parishad ke bharatiy netaon ne tyagapatr de diya. briten ki snsad men bhi bahas huee. vayasaray laaurd iravin ne bhi bambee ke garvanar vilsan ko mamale ko shighr nipatane ka nirdesh diya. udhar patel ki giraphtari ki sambhavana ko dekhate hue vaikalpik netritv ke lie 2 agast, 1928 ee. ko gandhi ji baradoli pahunch gaye.

andolan ki saphalata

mahilaon ne bhi is andolan men mahattvapoorn bhoomika nibhaee, jisamen bambee ki parasi mahila mithooben pentit, bhaktiva, maniben patel, suputri sharadaben shah aur shadarashah ke nam ullekhaniy hain. patel se baradoli ke log prabhavit hue. isi satyagrah ke dauran patel ko vahan ki auraton ne saradar ki upadhi pradan ki thi. sarakar ne broom fild aur maiksavel ko baradoli mamalen ki janch karane ka adesh diya. janch riport men badhi huee 30 pratishat lagan ko avaidh ghoshit kiya gaya. atah sarakar ne lagan ghatakar 6.03 pratishat kar diya. is prakar saradar vallabh bhaee patel ke netritv men baradoli kisan andolan saphalatapoorvak sampann hua. gandhi ji ne is saphalata par kaha ki, "baradoli sngharsh chahe jo kuchh bhi ho, yah svarajy ki prapti ke lie sngharsh nahin hain, lekin is tarah ka har sngharsh har koshish hamen svaraj ke qarib pahuncha rahi hai".


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adhar
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madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

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