साइमन कमीशन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

sar jaaun saiman

saiman kamishan ki niyukti british pradhanamntri ne sar jaaun saiman ke netritv men ki thi. is kamishan men sat sadasy the, jo sabhi briten ki snsad ke manonit sadasy the. yahi karan tha ki ise 'shvet kamishan' kaha gaya. saiman kamishan ki ghoshana 8 navambar, 1927 ee. ko ki gee. kamishan ko is bat ki janch karani thi ki kya bharat is layaq ho gaya hai ki yahan logon ko snvaidhanik adhikar diye jaen. is kamishan men kisi bhi bharatiy ko shamil nahin kiya gaya, jis karan isaka bahut hi tivr virodh hua.

sthapana

1919 ee. ke 'bharat sarakar adhiniyam' men yah vyavastha ki gee thi, ki 10 varsh ke uparant ek aisa ayog niyukt kiya jayega, jo is adhiniyam se huee pragati ki samiksha karega. bharatiy bhi dvaidh shasan (pranton men) se oob chuke the. ve isamen parivartan chahate the. at: british pradhanamntri ne samay se poorv hi sar jaaun saiman ke netritv men 7 sadasyon vale ayog ki sthapana ki, jisamen sabhi sadasy briten ki snsad ke sadasy the.

virodh

'saiman kamishan' ke sabhi sadasy angrez hone ke karan kangresiyon ne ise 'shvet kamishan' kaha. 8 navambar, 1927 ko is ayog ki sthapana ki ghoshana huee. is ayog ka kary is bat ki sifarish karana tha ki, kya bharat is yogy ho gaya hai ki, yahan ke logon ko aur snvaidhanik adhikar diye jaen aur yadi diye jaen to usaka svaroop kya ho? is ayog men kisi bhi bharatiy ko shamil nahin kiya gaya, jisake karan bharat men is ayog ka tivr virodh hua. 'saiman kamishan' ke virodh ke doosare karan ki vyakhya karate hue 1927 ee. ke madras kangres ke adhiveshan ke adhyaksh shri em.en. ansari ne kaha ki "bharatiy janata ka yah adhikar hai ki vah sabhi sambaddh guton ka ek golamej sammelan ya snsad ka sammelan bula karake apane snvidhan ka nirnay kar sake. saiman ayog ki niyukti dvara nishchay hi us dave ko nakar diya gaya hai."

bahishkar ka nirnay

kangres ke 1927 ke madras adhiveshan men 'saiman ayog' ke poorn bahishkar ka nirnay liya gaya. is kamishan se bharatiyon ka atm-samman bhi ahat hua, jisase tez bahadur saproo bahut prabhavit hue. 3 faravari, 1928 ee. ko jab ayog ke sadasy bambee (vartaman mumbee) pahunche to isake khilaf ek abhootapoorv hadatal ka ayojan kiya gaya. kale jhande evn 'saiman vapas jao' ke nare lagaye ge.

lathi prahar

ayog ke virodh ke karan lakhanoo men javahar lal neharoo, govind ballabh pnt adi ne lathiyan khaeen. lahaur men lathi ki gahari chot ke karan lala lajapat ray ki 1928 ee. men mrityu ho gee. marane se pahale lala lajapat ray ka yah kathan aitihasik siddh hua ki "mere oopar jo lathiyon ke prahar kiye ge hain, vahi ek din british samrajy ke taboot (shavapeti) ki akhiri kil sabit hoga." bharatiy rashtriy kangres ke atirikt any dalon ne bhi 'saiman kamishan' ka virodh kiya. madras ki jastis parti aur pnjab ki yooniyanist parti tatha muslim lig ke shafi gut ko chhodakar lagabhag sabhi pratishthit rajanitik dalon ne kamishan ka bahishkar kiya.

sifarishen

'saiman kamishan ne 27 mee', 1930 ee. ko apani riport prakashit ki, jisaki sifarishen is prakar hain-

  1. 1919 ee. ke 'bharat sarakar adhiniyam' ke tahat lagoo ki gee dvaidh shasan vyavastha ko samapt kar uttaradayi shasan ki sthana ho.
  2. bharat ke lie snghiy snvidhan hona chahie.
  3. kendr men bharatiyon ke lie snghiy snvidhan hona chahie.
  4. kendr men koee bhi uttaradayitv n pradan kiya jae.
  5. uchch nyayalay ko bharat sarakar ke niyntran men kar diya jae.
  6. barma (vartaman myanmar) ko bharat se vilag kiya jae tatha udisa evn sindh ko alag pradesh ka darja diya jae.
  7. prantiy vidhanamandalon men sadasyon ki snkhya ko badhaya jae.
  8. gavarnar v gavarnar-janaral alpasnkhyak jatiyon ke hiton ke prati vishesh dhyan rakhen.
  9. pratyek 10 varsh bad punarikshan ke lie ek snvidhan ayog ki niyukti ki vyavastha ko samapt kar diya jae tatha bharat ke lie ek aisa lachila snvidhan banaya jae jo svayn se vikasit ho.

alochana

'saiman kamishan ki niyukti se' bharatiyon dalon men vyapt apasi phoot evn matabhed ki sthiti se ubarane evn rashtriy andolan ko utsahit karane men sahayog mila. yadyapi is ayog ki bharat men kadi alochana ki gee, phir bhi usaki anek baton ko 1935 ee. ke 'bharat sarakar adhiniyam' men svikar kiya gaya. sar shivasvami ayyar ne ayog ki sifarishon ko 'raddi ki tokari men phainkane ke layaq bataya.'


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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