टीपू सुल्तान  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

tipoo sultan
tipoo sultan
poora nam tipoo sultan
janm 20 navambar, 1750 ee.
janm bhoomi 'devanahalli', kolar zila, karnatak
mrityu tithi 4 mee 1799 ee.
mrityu sthan shrirngapattanam, karnatak
pita/mata haidar ali aur fatima fakhr-un-nisa
shasan 29 disambar, 1782–4 mee, 1799
dharmik manyata islam
yuddh maisoor yuddh
sudhar-parivartan jal bhndaran ke lie kaveri nadi ke us sthan par ek bandh ki ninv rakhi, jahan aj 'krishnaraj sagar bandh' maujood hai. tipoo ne apane pita dvara shuroo ki gee 'lal bag pariyojana' ko saphalatapoorvak poora kiya. usane 'adhunik kailendar' ki shuruat ki aur sikka dhulaee tatha nap-top ki nee pranali ka prayog kiya.
rajadhani shrirngapattanam
poorvadhikari haidar ali
snbndhit lekh haidar ali, angrez, maratha,
any janakari kee bar angrezon ke chhakke chhuda dene vale tipoo sultan ko bharat ke poorv rashtrapati evn mahanh vaigyanik daau. e.pi.je. abdul kalam ne vishv ka sabase pahala raauket avishkarak bataya tha.

tipoo sultan (angrezi: Tipu Sultan, janm: 20 navambar, 1750 ee.; mrityu- 4 mee, 1799 ee.) bharatiy itihas ke prasiddh yoddha haidar ali ka putr tha. pita ki mrityu ke bad putr tipoo sultan ne maisoor sena ki kaman ko snbhala tha, jo apani pita ki hi bhanti yogy evn parakrami tha. tipoo ko apani virata ke karan hi 'sher-e-maisoor' ka khitab apane pita se prapt hua tha. tipoo dvara kee yuddhon men harane ke bad marathon evn nizam ne angrezon se sndhi kar li thi. aisi sthiti men tipoo ne bhi angrezon se sndhi ka prastav kiya aur choonki angrezon ko bhi tipoo ki shakti ka ahasas ho chuka tha, isalie chhipe man se ve bhi sndhi chahate the. donon pakshon men varta march, 1784 men huee aur isi ke phalasvaroop 'mngalaur ki sndhi' sampann huee.

kee bar angrezon ke chhakke chhuda dene vale tipoo sultan ko bharat ke poorv rashtrapati evn mahanh vaigyanik daau. e.pi.je. abdul kalam ne vishv ka sabase pahala raauket avishkarak bataya tha.

jivan parichay

tipoo sultan ka janm maisoor ke sultan haidar ali ke ghar 20 navambar, 1750 ko 'devanahalli', vartaman men karnatak ka kolar zila men hua tha. tipoo sultan ka poora nam fateh ali tipoo tha. vah bada vir, vidyavyasani tatha sngit aur sthapaty ka premi tha. usake pita ne dakshin men apani shakti ka vistar arnbh kiya tha. is karan angrezon ke sath-sath nijam aur marathe bhi usake shatru ban ge the. tipoo ne 18 varsh ki umr men angrezon ke viruddh pahala yuddh jita tha. angrez sndhi karane ko badhy hue. lekin panch varsh bad hi sndhi ko todakar nijam aur marathon ko sath lekar angrezon ne phir akraman kar diya. tipoo sultan ne arab, kabul, phrans adi deshon men apane doot bhejakar unase sahayata mangi, par saphalata nahin mili. angrezon ko in karravaiyon ka pata tha. apane is vikat shatru ko badanam karane ke lie angrez itihasakaron ne ise dharmandh bataya hai. parntu vah bada sahishnu rajyadhyaksh tha. yadyapi bharatiy shasakon ne usaka sath nahin diya, par usane kisi bhi bharatiy shasak ke viruddh, chahe vah hindoo ho ya musalaman, angrezon se gathabndhan nahin kiya.

behatar rananitikar

tipoo sultan kafi bahadur hone ke sath hi dimagi soojhaboojh se rananiti banane men bhi behad mahir tha. apane shasanakal men bharat men badhate eest indiya knpani ke samrajy ke samane vah kabhi nahin jhuka aur usane angrezon se jamakar loha liya. maisoor ki doosari ladaee men angrezon ko khadedane men usane apane pita haidar ali ki kafi madad ki. usane apani bahaduri se jahan kee bar angrezon ko patakhani di, vahin nizamon ko bhi kee maukon par dhool chataee. apani har se baukhalae haidarabad ke nizam ne tipoo sultan se gaddari ki aur angrezon se mil gaya.

sndhi

maisoor ki tisari ladaee men bhi jab angrez tipoo ko nahin hara pae to unhonne maisoor ke is sher se 'mngalor ki sndhi' nam se ek samajhauta kar liya. sndhi ki sharton ke anusar donon pakshon ne ek doosare ke jite hue pradeshon ko vapas kar diya. tipoo ne angrez bndiyon ko bhi riha kar diya. tipoo ke lie yah sndhi usaki utkrisht kootanitik saphalata thi. usane angrezon se alag se ek sndhi kar marathon ki sarvochchata ko asvikar kar diya. is sndhi se gavarnar-janaral varen hestings asahamat tha. usane sndhi ke bad kaha-

"yah laaurd maikartani kaisa adami hai. main abhi bhi vishvas karata hoon ki vah sndhi ke bavajood karnatak ko kho dalega."
tipoo sultan

palakkad qila

'palakkad qila', 'tipoo ka qila' nam se bhi prasiddh hai. yah palakkad taun ke madhy bhag men sthit hai. isaka nirman 1766 men kiya gaya tha. yah qila bharatiy puratattvik sarvekshan ke antargat snrakshit smarak hai. maisoor ke sultan haidar ali ne is qile ko 'lait rait' yani 'makharala' se banavaya tha. jab haidar ne malabar aur kochchi ko apane adhin kar liya, tab is qile ka nirman karavaya. unake putr tipoo sultan ne bhi yahan adhikar jamaya tha. palakkad qila tipoo sultan ka keral men shakti-durg tha, jahan se vah britishon ke khilaf ladata tha. isi tarah san 1784 men ek yuddh men karnal phullert ke netritv men british sainikon ne 11 din durg ko gher kar rakha aur apane adhin kar liya. bad men kosh़ikkod ke samootiri ne qile ko jit liya .1790 men british sainikon ne qile par punah adhikar kar liya. bngal men 'baksar ka yuddh' ko tatha dakshin men maisoor ka chautha yuddh ko jit kar bharatiy rajaniti par angrezon ne apani pakad majaboot kar li.

mrityu

tipoo sultan ka maqabara, shrirngapattanam

'phoot dalo, shasan karo' ki niti chalane vale angrezon ne sndhi karane ke bad tipoo se gaddari kar dali. eest indiya knpani ne haidarabad ke sath milakar chauthi bar tipoo par zabardast hamala kiya aur akhirakar 4 mee sanh 1799 ee. ko maisoor ka sher shrirngapattanam ki raksha karate hue shahid ho gaya. 1799 ee. men usaki parajay tatha mrityu par angrezon ne maisoor rajy ke ek hisse men usake purane hindoo raja ke jis nabalig pautr ko gaddi par baithaya, usaka divan puraniya ko niyukt kar diya.

tipoo ki asaphalata ke karan

tipoo sultan ki asaphalata ke do mahattvapoorn karan the-

  • fransisi mitrata aur deshi rajyon ko milakar snyukt morcha banane men tipoo asaphal raha.
  • vah apane pita haidar ali ki bhanti kootanitigy aur dooradarshita ka pakka nahin tha.

vikas kary

tipoo ki shahadat ke bad angrez shrirngapattanam se do raauket briten ke 'voolavich sngrahalay' ki artilari gailari men pradarshani ke lie le ge. sultan ne 1782 men apane pita ke nidhan ke bad maisoor ki kaman snbhali thi aur apane alp samay ke shasanakal men hi vikas karyon ki jhadi laga di thi. usane jal bhndaran ke lie kaveri nadi ke us sthan par ek bandh ki ninv rakhi, jahan aj 'krishnaraj sagar bandh' maujood hai. tipoo ne apane pita dvara shuroo ki gee 'lal bag pariyojana' ko saphalatapoorvak poora kiya. tipoo niahsandeh ek kushal prashasak evn yogy senapati tha. usane 'adhunik kailendar' ki shuruat ki aur sikka dhulaee tatha nap-top ki nee pranali ka prayog kiya. usane apani rajadhani shrirngapattanam men 'svatantrata ka vriksh' lagavaya aur sath hi 'jaikobin klab' ka sadasy bhi bana. usane apane ko nagarik tipoo pukara. taaumas munaro ne tipoo ke baren men likha hai ki-

"navinata ki avibhrant bhavana tatha pratyek vastu ke svayn hi prasoot hone ki raksha usake charitr ki mukhy visheshata thin."


inhen bhi dekhen: maisoor yuddh, haidar ali evn eest indiya knpani


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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