श्रीरंगपट्टनम  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

dariya daulat, shrirngapattanam

shrirngapattanam dakshin–madhy karnatak (bhootapoorv maisoor) rajy, dakshin bharat men sthit hai. ise pahale 'senrigapatam' bhi kaha jata tha. shrirngapattanam maisoor se 9 mil door kaveri nadi ke tapoo par sthit hai. pauranik kinvadanti hai ki poorv kal men is sthan par gautam rishi ka ashram tha. maisoor men sthit 12vin sadi men shrirngapattanam ek mandir tha, jo bhagavan shrirng (vishnu) ka mandir hai. isi mandir ke nam par isaka nam 'shrirngapattanam' rakha gaya hai.

itihas

shrirngapattanam nagar 15vin shatabdi men qilaband hua aur maisoor ke raja (1610 ee.) tatha sultan (1761 ee.) ki rajadhani bana. angrezon ne jab is qile ki saphal gherabandi ki, us samay haidar ali aur unake putr tipoo sultan ka yahan par shasan tha. is gherabandi ka ant angrezon ke sath ek sndhi (1792 ee.) ke roop men hua. chauthe maisoor yuddh (1799 ee.) men tipoo sultan ki hatya kar di gee aur qila ek bar phir se angrezon ke hath men a gaya. is adhunik nagar men 17vin shatabdi ke hindoo smarak ke sath-sath tipoo sultan dvara banavaee gee vishal masjid ko dekhane ke lie badi snkhya men paryatak ate hain. tipoo sultan ka suparishkrit grishmakalin mahal dariya daulat (1781 ee.) gnjam ki poorvi upanagariy kshetr men sthit hai. is mahal ki divaron par juloos aur yuddh ke drishy chitrit hain. pas ke lal bag ke maqabare men do sultanon ko dafanaya gaya hai. janghil, safed bijja (vhait ibis) vakh bagula aur gay bagula (kaital egret) ke nivas vale rnganathittoo pakshi abhayarany ke asapas anek tapoo hain, jo isi ka hissa hain.

paryatan sthal

tipoo sultan ka maqabara

shrirngapattanam ki bhoomi par pratyek sthan par aj bhi bhayanak tatha nirnayak yuddh ke chihn dikhaee padate hain. angrezon ki sena ke nivas sthan ki tooti huee divaren, sainik chikitsalay ke khandahar, bhoomigat tahakhane tatha angrez kaidiyon ka avas-ye sab purani kahaniyon ki smriti ko navin bana dete hain. tipoo ki banavaee huee zama-maszadi yahan ke vishal bhavanon men se ek hai. durg ke bahar kashthanirmit 'dariya daulat' namak bhavan tipoo ne 1784 ee. men banavaya tha. kaveri ke ramanik tat par ek sundar udyan ke bich men yah grishm-prasad sthit hai. isaki divaren, stambh, maharab aur chhaten anek prakar ki naqqashi se alnkrit hain. bich-bich men sone ka sundar kam bhi dikhaee deta hai. jisase isaki shobha aur bhi duguni ho jati hai. bahirbhittiyon par yuddhasthali ke drishy tatha yuddh yatraon ke manornjag chitr bhi ankit hain. dvip ke poorvi kinare par tipoo sultan ka maqabara athava gumbaj aj bhi sthit hai. yah bhi ek sundar udyan ke bhitar bana hua hai. ise tipoo ne apani mata tatha pita haidar ali ke lie banavaya tha, kintu angrezon ne tipoo ki qabr bhi isi men banava di.

janasnkhya

2001 ki janaganana ke anusar shrirngapattanam nagar ki janasnkhya 23,448 hai.


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