एहोल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

durga mandir, ehol
meguti jain mndir

ehol (angrezi: Aihole) karnatak ke bijapur men sthit, badami ke nikat, bahut prachin sthan hai. ise ehod aur aihol ke nam se bhi jana jata hai. yahan se chaluky naresh pulakeshin dvitiy ka 634 ee. ka ek abhilekh prapt hua hai. yah prashasti ke roop men hai aur snskrit kavy parampara men likha gaya hai. isaka rachayita jain kavi ravikirti tha. is abhilekh men pulakeshi dvitiy ki vijayon ka varnan hai. abhilekh men pulakeshi dvitiy ke hathon harshavardhan ki parajay ka bhi varnan hai.

aitihasik mahattv

ehol se ravikirti dvara rachit jo abhilekh mila hai, usamen kavi ne kalidas aur bharavi ke namon ka bhi ullekh kiya hai-

'yenayoji naveshm sthiramarthavidhau vivekina jineveshm s vijayatan ravikirtiah kavitashrit kalidasabharavi kirtiah'.

is abhilekh men tithi is prakar di huee hai-

'pnchashatmukalau kale shatsu pnchashati su ch, samasu samatitasu shakanamapi bhoobhujamh'.

isase 556 shak snvath=634 ee. prapt hota hai. is prakar mahakavi kalidas aur bharavi ka samay 634 ee. ke poorv siddh ho jata hai. is abhilekh men pulakeshin dvara abhibhoot lat, malav, aur gurjar desh ke rajaon ka ullekh hai. ehod men guptakalin kee mndiron ke bhagnavashesh hain. durga ke mndir men panchavi shati ee. ki nataraj shiv ki moorti hai. 450 ee. ke char mndiron ke avashesh bharat ke sarvaprachin mndiron ke avasheshon men se hain. in par shikhar nahin hain. inamen se stambh tin vargon men, jo ek-doosare ke bhitar bane hain, vinyast hain. kendriy char stambhon ke oopar adhrit sapat chhat apane chaturdikh dhaloo chhat ke oopar shikhar ke oopar nikali huee hai, jo sabase bahar ke varg par chhayi huee hai. mndir ke ek kinare par ek mndap hai aur isase doosare kinare par moorti-sthan hai.[1]


shri henari kajins arkyialaaujikal riport 1907-1908 men likhate hain- "yah mndir apani vishalata, rachana ki saralata, nakshe aur vastukala ke vivaran, in sab baton men gufa mndiron se bahut milata-julata hai." is mndir ki divaren sadharan divaron ke saman nahin hain. ve stnbhon aur unaki yojak jalidar khidakiyon sahit patali bhittiyon se bani hain. sapat chhat aur us par utsedh[2] ka abhav gufaon ki kala se hi snbndhit hai. kintu isase bhi adhik samanata to bhari vargakar stambhon aur unake shirshon ke karan dikhaee deti hai. uparyukt durga ke mndir ka naksha bauddh-chaity mndiron ki hi bhanti hai, keval dhatugarbh ke bajay isamen moortisthan bana hua hai. bauddh chaityon ki bhanti hi isamen bhi stambhon ki do pnktiyon dvara mndir ke bhitar ka sthan madhyavarti shala tatha do parshvavarti vithiyon dvara vibhakt kiya gaya hai. mndir patthar ka bana hua hai, isaliye meharabon ke liye chhaton men sthan nahin hai; kintu shikhar ka abhas chaity snrachana ki bhanti hi bich ki chhat oonchi tatha parshv ki chhaten nichi tatha kuchh dhalavan hone se hota hai. stambhon ke oopar chhat ke bharav par anek moortiyan tatha parnavali adi ankit hain, jo gufa mndiron ke stnbhon ke oopari bhag par ki gee rachana se bahut milati-julati hai.[3]

mandiron ke avashesh

yahan hamen 70 mandiron ke avashesh milate hain. ehol ka bharatiy mandir vastukala ki pathashala kaha gaya hai. ise 'ehol ka nagar' bhi kaha jata hai. ehol ke mandiron se dakshin bharat ke hindoo mandir vastukala ke itihas ko samajhane men sahayata milati hai. ehol ke chalukyakalin tin mandir vishesh roop se ullekhaniy hain. unake nam ladakhan mandir, durga mandir tatha hachchimalliguddi mandir hain.

lad khan mandir

lad khan mandir 450 ee. men nirmit mana jata hai. yah vargakar hai. nichi tatha sapat chhat vale is vargakar bhavan ki pratyek divar 50 phut lambi hai. yah mandir apani vishalata, rachana ki saralata, nakshe ki vastukala ke vivaran, in sab baton men gupha mandiron se milata julata hai.

durga mandir

durga mandir sambhavatah chhathi sadi ka hai. yah mandir bauddh chaity ko brahman dharm ke mandir ke roop men upayog men lane ka ek prayog hai. is mandir ka dhancha arddhavrittakar hai.

hachchimalliguddi mandir

hachchimalliguddi mandir bahut kuchh durga mandir se milata-julata hai. yadyapi yah usase banavat men adhik saral tatha akar men chhota hai. bhitari kaksh tatha mukhy haaul ke bich antaral isaki ek nee visheshata hai.

jain mandir

ehol men sabase bad men banane vale mandiron men meguti jain mndir hai, jo ki 634 ee. ka hai. yah mandir abhi adhoora hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. aitihasik sthanavali |lekhak: vijayendr kumar mathur |prakashak: rajasthan hindi grnth akadami, jayapur |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 114 |
  2. elevation
  3. udaharanarth ajnta gufa sn.26).

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