वास्तुकला  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vastukala kisi sthan ko manav ke lie vasayogy banane ki kala hai. at: kalantar men yah chahe jitani jatil ho gee ho, isaka arnbh mausam ki ugrata, vany pashuon ke bhay aur shatruon ke akraman se bachane ke prarnbhik upayon men hi hua. manav sabhyata ke itihas ka bhi kuchh aisa hi arnbh hai. vastukala bhavanon ke vinyas, akalpan aur rachana, parivartanashil samay, takanik aur ruchi ke anusar manav ki avashyakataon ko sntusht karane yogy sabhi prakar ke sthanon ke tarkasngat evn buddhisngat nirman ki kala ko kahate hain. vigyan tatha takanik ka snmishran vastukala ki paribhasha men ata hai. isaka aur bhi spashtikaran kiya ja sakata hai. vastukala lalit kala ki vah shakha rahi hai, jisaka uddeshy audyogiki ka sahayog lete hue upayogita ki drishti se uttam bhavan-nirman karana hai, jinake paryavaran susnskrit evn kalatmak ruchi ke lie atynt priy, saundary-bhavana ke poshak tatha anndavardhak hon.[1]

vastukala ka itihas

prachin kal men vastukala sabhi kalaon ki janani kahi jati thi. kintu vritti ke parivartan ke sath aur snbaddh vyavasayon ke bhag lene par yah samaveshak snrakshan ki muhar ab nahin rahi. vastukala puratan kal ki samajik sthiti ko prakash men lane vala mudranalay bhi kahi gee hai. yah vahin tak thik hai, jahan tak samajik evn any upalabdhiyon ka prabhav hai. yah bhi kaha gaya hai ki vastukala bhavanon ke alnkaran ke atirikt aur kuchh nahin hai. jahan tak aitihasik vastukala ka snbndh hai, yah anshat: saty hai. phir vastukala sabhyata ka sancha bhi kahi gee hai. jahan tak puratatviy prabhav hai, yah thik hai, kintu vastukala ke itihas par ek snkshipt drishtipat se yah spasht ho jata hai ki manav ke prachinatam prayas shikariyon ke adikalin gufa-avason, charavahon ke charm-tnbuon aur kisanon ke jhopadon ke roop men dikhaee padate hain. nauka-avas aur vrikshon par bani jhopadiyan purakalin vishishtataen hain. dharmik smarak banane ke adikalin prayas patthar aur lakadi ki bad ke roop men the. in adikalin prayason men aur unake sudhare hue roopon men sabhi deshon men kuchh n kuchh baten aisi mahattvapoorn aur vishisht prakar ki hain ki bahut din bad ki mahanatam kala kritiyon men bhi ve pratyaksh hain.[1]

vastukala se abhipray

prakriti, buddhi evn ruchi dvara nirdharit aur niyamit katipay siddhanton aur anupaton ke anusar rachana karana is kala ka snbaddh ang hai. nakshon aur pindon ka aisa vinyas karana aur snrachana ko atynt upayukt dhng se samriddh karana, jisase adhikatam suvidhaon ke sath rochakata, saundary, mahanata, ekata, aur shakti ki srishti ho, yahi vastukaushal hai. prarnbhik avasthaon men vastukala ka sthan manav ke simit prayojanon ke lie avashyak peshon, ya vyavasayon men, pray: manushy ke lie kisi prakar ka rakshasthan pradan karane ke lie hota hai. kisi jati ke itihas men vastukritiyan mahattvapoorn tab hoti hain, jab unamen kisi ansh tak sabhyata, samriddhi aur vilasita a jati hai, aur unamen jati ke garv, pratishtha, mahatvakanksha, aur adhyatmikata ki prakriti poornataya abhivyakt hoti hai.[1]

vikas

yugon ke drut vikasakram men vastukala vikasi, dhali, aur manav ki parivartanashil avashkataon ke anusar usamen parivartan hua. misr ke sade svaroop, chin ke manak abhikalp-svaroop, bharat ke videshi tatha samriddh svaroop, maiksiko ke may aur aijatek ki anagadh mahima, yoonan ke atynt vikasit devayatan, roman samrajy ki bahuvidh avashyakataon ki poorti karane vale jatil prakar ke bhavan, purakalin adnbarahin giraje, mahanh gathik giraja bhavan aur chitropam durg, turki imaraton ke utkrisht vinyas evn anupat, aur yooropiy punarutthan ke bhavy vastukiy smarak aitihasik vastu ke satat vikas ka lekha prastut karate hain. ye sab imaraten manav vikas ke mahanh yugon ki or ingit karati hain, jinamen vastukala jatiy jivan se atyadhik snbndhit hone ke karan un jatiyon ki pratibha aur mahatvakanksha ka, jinaki unake smarakon par suspasht chhap hain, digdarshan karati hain.

vastukala ka adhar

isamen sndeh nahin ki vastukala ka adhar imaraten hain, kintu yah imaraten khadi karane ke atirikt kuchh aur bhi hain, jaise kavita gady rachana ke atirikt kuchh aur bhi hai. mithe svar men gae jane par kavita prabhavashali hoti hi hai, kintu jab usake sath upayukt sngit aur layayukt nrity cheshtaen bhi hoti hain, tab vah keval manushy ke hriday ki aur vibhinn indriyon ko hi akarshit nahin karati, apitu inake gauravapoorn mel se nirmit sare vatavaran se hi use avagat karati hain. isi prakar vastukalpanaen, darshanik gatividhiyon se, kavyamay abhivyaktiyon se, aur sammilit layatmak, sngitatmak tatha varnatmak arthon se paripoorn hoti hain, aur aisi utkrisht vastukritiyan manav ke antarmanas ko chhooti hueen sabhi prakar se usaki prashnsa ka patr hoti hain, aur phir vishvavyapi khyati arjit karati hain. sarvasnmat mahanh vastukritiyon ki yah prashasti chirasthayi hoti hai, aur bhavi pidhiyon ko prerana deti hai.[1]

upalabdhi tatha gun

pratyek aitihasik vastu ki upalabdhiyan mote taur se do moolabhoot siddhanton se nishchit ki ja sakati hain, ek jo snkalpana men antarnihit hai, aur doosara jo sarvochch vishishtata ka dyotak hai. misri vastu men yah yugottarajivi vishal aur bhari smarakon dvara vyakt rahasyamayata hai, asiriyaee, bebiloni aur eerani kala men yah shastrashakti aur vilasi jivan tha. yoonani kala men yah nishchayatmak ayojana aur snshodhit drishtibhram tha, jisake phalasvaroop sadagi aur parishkrit poornata aee. romanon men yah bhavyata, annd evn shakti ka prem tha, jisake phalasvaroop vilakshan vaigyanik nirman hua. purakalin eesaiyon men yah eesa masih ki sachchi sadagi aur gaurav vyakt karane vale girajagharon ke nirman ke prati bhari utsah ke roop men tha; gathik nirmataon men yah snrachana yantriki ke gyan se yukt utkat shakti thi; italavi punaruddhar men yah us yug ki vidvatta thi. bauddh aur hindoo vastukala ka utkrisht gun usaka adhyatmik tatv hai, jo usake vikas men adyopant pratyaksh hai. musalamani vastukala men akalpaniy dhan snpada, that, aur vishal bhookhnd par usaka prabhutv jhalakata hai; jabaki bharat ka bhimakay afagan ka vastu us shasan ki akramak pravritti prakat karata hai; kintu mugal smarak utkrisht anupat aur kriti snbndhi prem ko darshane men shreshth hain tatha bharat ki garmi men unaka jivan bhali bhanti vyakt karate hain. is prakar bhootakalin kritiyon men ham dekhate hain ki chattanon, eeton aur pattharon men moort ve vichar hi hain jo uparyukt aur vishvasaniy dhng se kisi n kisi roop men gaurav ke shikhar par pahunchi huee sabhyataon ki tatkalin dharm snbndhi ya any jagriti vyakt karate hain.

anusaran tatha samnjasy

in tamam salon men vastukala samayik chetana paryavaran tatha sthaniy prishthabhoomi ke samnjasy men vikasit huee. aj bhi ham pratibhavan vyaktiyon ke lie sarvadhik upayukt svaroop tatolate rahate hain. aj kuchh aise vastuk hain jo bhoot ka anusaran karane men hi sntusht hain. kuchh any hain jo videshi dhng ka anukaran karane ka prayas karate hain. bahut thode se aise hain, jo apane samay, gati aur rashtriy drishtikan ke anuroop vastu ka vikas karane ka prayas kar rahe hain. is chhote se varg ka prayas naya snghat prastut karane ka hai, jo manushy ko ne vichar sochane aur dharan karane ki prerana deta hai. is prakar se hamare yug ke bhavan nirman karane ka prayas karate hain aur bad men ye hi bhavan manav sharir aur mastishk ke svasth vikas ko protsahit karake jati ka nirman karenge. isake atirikt ham dekhate hain ki vastukala kabhi-kabhi gyat upayogita snbndhi avashyakataon aur usaki nirman paddhatiyon se age bhi badh jati hai. vastukala men hi kalpana ki vishuddh srishti, jab sare drishtikon ke vyapak avarodh ke sath vyakt hoti hain, tab poornata ke shikhar par pahunchane men samarth hoti hain, jaise yoonan men joos ke sir se ethina ki, ya bharat men svaynbhoo ki upama.

adhunik svaroop

yah saty hai ki vastukala ke prayogon men bahut asthirata rahi hai, jisase aganit shailiyan prakat ho gee hain. kintu un shailiyon se kisi vastuk ko kya prayojan? ya unaka usake yug se kya snbndh? sach to yah hai ki vastukala n koee pnth hai n shaili, varanh‌ yah to vikas ka atoot kram hai. isalie vastuk ko shailiyon se vishesh prayojan nahin, jaise badalate hue phaishan se kisi mahila ki poshak ka koee snbndh nahin. is vishay men phrainkalayad rait ne kaha hai ki, 'vastukala ki paridhi idhar-udhar hatati rahati hai, usaka kendr nahin badalata'. adhunik vastukala ka vikas vinyas ki snrachanatmak avashyakataon aur upalabdh samagri ki saundary snbhavanaon dvara prastut pratibndhon ki upasthiti men sundarata ke lie khoj aur sngharsh ke phalasvaroop hua hai. jab inake phalasvaroop kisi rachana ki srishti hoti hai, tab aisa lagata hai ki aj ki vastukala bhari rachanaon aur avrittiyon ke roop men vyakt moortikala hi hai. yadi is sndarbh men dekhe to vastukala vyakti ke apane sarjak man ki snpoorn evn suvikasit rachana honi chahie, jo svaynbhoo ke uchch star tak pahunchati hai.[1]

inhen bhi dekhen: vastu shastr evn vastukala ka itihas


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 vastukala (hindi) (pi.ech.pi) bharatakhoj. abhigaman tithi: 1 janavari, 2012.

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