मीनार  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

minar
minar
vivaran 'minar' islami sthapaty ka mahattvapoorn ang hai. yah kisi bhi masjid ka khas hissa hota hai, jisase azan dene vala khudaparaston ko namaz ada karane ke lie avaz deta hai.
shaili islami
akriti samanyatah minar belanakar, lambe aur oopar se pyazanuma mukut se susajjit hote hain.
vishal minar uttar afrika men sabase purani minar tyoonishiya ke 'al qairavan' men hai. is vishal vargakar minar ka nirman 724 se 737 ee. ke bich kiya gaya tha.
vishesh haidarabad ke paryatan akarshanon men 'siddi bashir masjid' ki anoothi hilati minaren khas hain. jab ek minar ko hilaya jata hai, to usaka knpan doosari tak pahunchata hai.
snbndhit lekh qutub minar, charaminar
any janakari apani oonchaee ke karan qutub minar 20vin sadi tak dilli ki sabase oonchi imarat thi. isake bad any oonchi adhunik imaraten banaee geen.

minar ek aise sthapaty ko kaha jata hai, jo stambhanuma akar ka hota hai. yah dekhane men kisi am burz se adhik lamba tatha kuchh khincha hua sa dikhaee deta hai. minar ek arabi shabd hai, jisaka arth hai- 'dip stambh'. samanyatah minar belanakar, lambe aur oopar se pyazanuma mukut se susajjit hote hain. ve asapas ki imaraton se adhik oonche hote hain aur aksar muslim masjidon ke sath lage hue pae jate hain. is akriti ka islam se ghanishth sambndh hai.

masjid ka abhinn bhag

minar kisi bhi masjid ka abhinn bhag hai. islami dharmik vastukala men minar, jisase 'muazzin' ya azan dene vala khudaparaston ko pratyek din panch bar namaz ada karane ke lie avaz deta hai. aisi minar hamesha masjid se judi rahati hai aur isamen ek ya adhik jharokhe ya khuli dirghaen hoti hain. paigambar muhammad ke samay namaz ke lie azan masjid ke pas vali sabase oonchi chhat se di jati thi. prarambhik minaren poorv yoonani burz aur eesaee girajagharon ke stnbh thin.[1]

vishal minar

uttar afrika men sabase purani minar tyoonishiya men 'al qairavan' men hai. is vishal vargakar minar ka nirman 724 se 737 ee. ke bich kiya gaya tha.

snrachana

samara (iraq) men nirmit bauni, sarpil dhanchon vali (848-852 ee. men nirmit) v moti minaron se lekar oonchi, utkrisht v patali pensil jaise shikharon vali vividh svaroopon ki minaron ka nirman kiya gaya hai. usaka adhar aksar chaukor hota hai. jahan minar masjid se judi hoti hai, vahan is chaukor adhar ke oopar yah kee golakar, shatkoniy ya ashtakoniy charanon men nirmit hoti hai. pratyek minar men bahar ki or nikala hua jharokha hota hai. isake shirsh par gol gunbad, khula mndap ya dhatu se madha shnku hota hai. minar ka oopari hissa aksar naqqashi se saja rahata hai. sidhiyan bahar ya bhitar ho sakati hain. pratyek masjid men ek se chhah tak minaron ki snkhya bhi alag-alag hoti hai. ye minaren door se dikhane vali aur us sthan par islami parivesh ki chhap vali 'islam ki nishani' ke roop men banaee gee thin.[1]

bharatiy islami vastukala

bharatiy-islami vastukala men minar ka vikas kafi der bad hua. pahale yah islam ki taqat ki pratik thi aur masjid men alag banaee jati thi. bad men yah mukhy dhanche ke hisse ke roop men vikasit huee. bharatiy islami vastukala ke prarnbhik udaharanon men dilli ki qutub minar (1200 ee.) khudaparaston ko namaz ke lie azan nahin deti thi, balki islam ki ghoshana karati thi.
tajamahal ki minaren
isaki oonchaee ke karan 20vin sadi tak yah dilli ki sabase oonchi imarat thi. isake bad any oonchi adhunik imaraten ban geen.

qutub minar mool roop se 73 mitar oonchi thi aur isamen bad ke snyojan 14vin sadi men jode ge. isamen char mnzilen hain, jo oopar ki or kramash: patali hoti chali jati hain. pratyek mnzil ke anuprasth kat ka alag svaroop hai. charon talon par jharokhon ko naqqashidar arohi nikshep divaragir snbhale he hain, jabaki bahar ki taraf bharatiy karigaron dvara sulikhit ayaton se saji divaren hain.

bad ke kal men minaren islami imaraton, jaise- masjidon evn maqabaron ka abhinn hissa ban geen. agara men mugal badashah shahajahan dvara nirmit 'tajamahal' (1648 ee.) ki imarat ke charon konon par pattharon se nirmit shanadar dhng se anupatik char minaren tajamahal ki sntulit vastushilp rachana ke chaukhate ka kam karati hain.[1]

hilati minaren

15vin sadi se ahamadabad (gujarat) bharat-islami vastushilp ki vikasit prantiy shaili ka mahattvapoorn kendr tha. shahar ke paryatan akarshanon men 'siddi bashir masjid' ki anoothi hilati minaren hain. jab ek minar ko hilaya jata hai, to usaka knpan doosari tak pahunchata hai. yahan tak ki ek minar ke shirsh se ludhakati gend se doosari bhi goonj uthati hai. pratyek minar tin mnzil oonchi (21.34 mitar) hai aur mahin naqqashi vale patthar ke galiyaron se judi huee hai, jo knpan ko ek minar se doosari tak snpreshit karati hai. hilati minaren shahar ki any masjidon ki bhi khasiyat hain. eeran men isfahan men 14vin sadi ki minaron "monar-e-jonban" men bhi ahamadabad ki minar jaisi visheshataen hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 bharat gyanakosh, khand-4 |lekhak: indu ramachndani |prakashak: ensaiklopidiya britainika praivet limited, nee dilli aur paaupyular prakashan, mumbee |snkalan: bharatakosh pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 367 |

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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