युग  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

yug hindoo sabhyata ke anusar, ek nirdharit snkhya ke varshon ki kalavadhi hai. bharatiy jyotish aur puranon ki parnpara ke adhar par srishti ke snpoorn kal ko char bhagon men banta gaya hai-

  1. sat yug
  2. treta yug
  3. dvapar yug
  4. kali yug

is kal vibhajan ko kuchh log jivan ki sthitiyon ki lakshanik abhivyakti manate hain. unake anusar sota hua kali hai, jamhaee leta hua dvapar, uthata hua treta aur chalata hua satayug hai. prachin kal men yugon ke atirikt kal ka vibhajan yug, manvntar aur kalp ke kram se bhi hota raha hai.

sat yug

char prasiddh yugon men satayug pahala hai. ise kritayug bhi kahate hain. isaka arnbh akshay tritiya se hua tha. isaka pariman 17,28,000 varsh hai. is yug men bhagavan ke matsy avatar , koorm avatar, varah avatar aur nrisinh avatar ye char avatar hue the. us samay puny hi puny tha, pap ka nam bhi n tha. kurukshetr mukhy tirth tha. log ati dirgh ayu vale hote the. gyan-dhyan aur tap ka pradhany tha. bali, mandhata, puroorava, dhundhamarik aur kartaviry ye satyayug ke chakravarti raja the. mahabharat ke anusar kali yug ke bad kalki avatar dvara pun: satyayug ki sthapana hogi.

treta yug

doosare yug treta ki avadhi barah lakh chhiyanave hazar varsh mani jati hai. is yug ka arnbh kartik shukl naumi se hota hai. manu aur sataroopa ke do putr priyavrat aur uttanapad isi yug men hue. ye prithvi ke sarvapratham raja the. shriram aur parashuram ne isi yug men avatar liya. is yug men puny adhik hota hai. manushy ki ayu adhik hoti hai.

dvapar yug

yah char yugon men tisara yug hai. isaka arnbh bhadrapad krishn trayodashi se hota hai. isaki avadhi puranon men ath lakh chausath hazar varsh mani gee hai. yah yuddh pradhan yug hai aur isake lagate hi dharm ka kshay arnbh ho jata hai. bhagavan krishn ne isi yug men avatar liya tha.

kali yug

aryabhat ke anusar mahabharat ka yuddh 3109 ee. poo. men hua tha aur usake ant ke sath hi kalayug ka arnbh ho gaya. ise kaliyug bhi kahate hain. kuchh vidvanh kaliyug ka arnbh mahabharat yudv ke 625 varsh pahale se manate hain. phir bhi samanyat: yahi vishvas kiya jata hai ki mahabharat yuddh ke ant, shrikrishn ke svargarohan aur pandavon ke himalay men galane ke lie jane ke sath hi kaliyug ka arnbh ho gaya. is yug ke pratham raja parikshit hue. aryabhat ke anusar mahabharat ka yuddh 3109 ee. poo. men hua tha aur usake ant ke sath hi kaliyug ka arnbh ho gaya.

barah yug

brihaspati ki gati ke anusar prabhav adi sath varshon men barah yug hote hain tatha pratyek yug men panch-panch vatsar hote hain. barah yugon ke nam hain[1]-

  1. prajapati
  2. dhata
  3. vrish
  4. vyay
  5. khar
  6. durmukh
  7. plav
  8. parabhav
  9. rodhakrit
  10. anal
  11. durmati
  12. kshay


pratyek yug ke jo panch vatsar hain, unamen se pratham ka nam 'snvatsar' hai. doosara 'parivatsar', tisara 'idvatsar', chautha 'anuvatsar' aur panchava 'yugavatsar' hai. inake prithak-prithakh devata hote hain, jaise snvatsar ke devata agni mane ge hain .


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

  1. kal ka man (hindi) shastrgyan. abhigaman tithi: 12 faravari, 2016.

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