सौर दिन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

donon sooryodayon ke bich ki kalavadhi atyant mahattvapoorn avadhi mani jati hai. yah saur din hai aur lok-din bhi. kintu tithi to kal ka chandr vibhag hai jisaka saur din ke vibhinn digh-vibhagon men ant hota hai. 'din' shabd ke do arth hai-

  1. sooryoday se sooryast tak,
  2. sooryoday se sooryoday tak.
  • rigved[1] men 'ahah' shabd ka din ke 'krishn' bhag (ratri) evn 'arjun' (chamakadar ya shvet) bhag ki or snket hai.[2] rigved men ratri shabd ka prayog utana nahin hua hai jitana ki 'ahanh' ka, kintu 'din' ka samasik prayog adhik hua hai, yatha - sudinatv', 'sudin', madhyandin.'
  • 'ahoratr' (din-ratri) ek bar aya hai.[3]
  • poorvahn (din ka pratham bhag) rigved[4] men aya hai. din ke tin bhagon (pratah, sngav evn madhyandin) ka ullekh hai.[5] din ke panch bhagon men uparyukt tin ke atirikt any do hain aparahn evn astamy, astagaman ya sayahn. ye panchon bhag shatapath brahman[6] men ullikhit hain. 'pratah' evn 'sayamh' rigved[7] men ae hain.
  • kautily[8], daksh evn katyayan ne din ratri ko ath bhagon men banta hai.
  • din ke arambh ke vishay men kee mat hain. yahoodiyon ne din ka arambh saynkal se mana hai.[9]
  • misravasiyon ne sooryoday se sooryast tak ke din ko 12 bhagon men banta; unake ghante rituon par nirbhar the.
  • bebiloniyon ne din ka arambh sooryoday se mana hai aur din tatha ratri ko 12 bhagon men banta hai, jisamen pratyek bhag do vishuviy ghanton ka hota hai.
  • ethens evn yoonan men aitihasik kalon men din, samanyatah pnchang ke lie sooryast se arambh hota tha.
  • rom men din ka arambh adhi rat se hota tha.
  • bharatiy lekhakon ne dinarambh sooryoday se mana hai[10], kintu ve din ke vibhinn arambhon se anabhigy nahin the.
  • pnchasiddhantika[11] men aya hai ki aryabhat ne ghoshit kiya hai ki lnka men din ka arambh ardharatri se hota hai, kintu punah unhonne kaha hai ki din ka arambh sooryoday se hota hai aur lnka ka vah sooryoday siddhapur se milata hai, yamakoti men madhyahn ke tatha romak desh men ardharatri se milata hai.[12]
  • adhunik kal men lok-din ka arambh arddharatri se hota hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. rigved 6|9|1
  2. ahashch krishnamahararjunn ch vi vartete rajasi vedyabhiah
  3. rigved 10|190|2
  4. rigved 10|34|11
  5. rigved 5|17|3
  6. shatapathabrahman 2|3|2|9
  7. rigved 5|77|2, 8|2|20 evn 10|146|3 evn 40
  8. kautily 1|19
  9. jenesis 1|5 evn 1|13
  10. brahmasphut-siddhant 11|33
  11. pnchasiddhantika 15|20 evn 23
  12. lnkardharatrasamaye dinapravrittin jagad charyabhatah.
    bhooyah s ev sooryodayatprabhrityah lnkayamh..
    udayo yo lnkayan soastamayaah saviturev siddhapure.
    madhyahno yamakotyan romakavishayeardharatrah sah.. pnchasiddhantika 15, 20, 33.

bahari kadiyan

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