रोमन कलॅण्डर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

eesa se 753 varsh pahale rom nagar ki sthapana ke samay roman snvath prarambh hua jisake matr das mah v 304 din hote the. isake 53 sal bad vahan ke samrat nooma pampisiyas ne janavari aur pharavari do mah aur jodakar ise 355 dinon ka bana diya. ee. poo. 46 men jooliyas sizar ne ek snshodhit pnchang nirmit kiya tha jisamen prati chauthe varsh 'lip varsh' ki vyavastha thi. parantu us pnchang ki gananaen sahi nahin rahin, kyonki sanh 1582 men 'vasantik vishuv' 21 march ko n hokar 10 march ko hua tha.

itihas

eesa ke janm se 46 varsh pahale tak rom samrajy men roman kalandar prachalit tha. vah 1 march se prarnbh hota tha. varsh men keval 10 mah hote the -

  1. martias,
  2. eprilis,
  3. meas,
  4. joonias,
  5. kvintilis,
  6. saiksitilis,
  7. septembar,
  8. aktoobar,
  9. navnbar tatha
  10. disnbar.

snshodhit pnchang

in 10 mahinon ke varsh men keval 304 din hote the. isake bad kadake ki sardi padati thi aur tab koee vishesh kam nahin hota tha. lihaza 61 din ka samay chhod diya jata tha. mana jata hai ki rom ke samrat ‘numa panpilias’ ne disnbar aur march mahinon ke bich pharavari aur janavari mah jode. isase varsh men dinon ki snkhya 354 ya 355 ho gee. har do varsh bad 22 ya 23 dinon ka adhimas jod kar 366 din ka varsh man liya jata tha. isamen sudhar kie jate rahe. bad men kalaindar ki gananaen chndrama ke bajay dinon ke adhar par ki jane lagin. prithvi dvara soory ki parikrama ki ganana ke adhar par varsh men dinon ki snkhya 365.25 ho gee. is sava arthat ek chauthaee din se ganana men bada bhram paida hone laga.

jooliyas sizar ke sudhar

rom ke shasak jooliyas sizar ne roman kalaindar men sudhar kiya. eesvi poorv 44 men 'kvintilis mah' ka nam badal kar jooliyas sizar ke samman men ‘julaee’ rakh diya gaya. jooliyas sijar ne kalaindar ko sudharane men misr ke khagolavid 'sosijenij' ki madad li. varsh 1 janavari se shuroo kiya gaya. varsh ka arnbh bahut pichhad chuka tha. isalie usane adesh diya ki eesvi poorv 46 men 67 din jod die jaen. is tarah ee.poo. 46 men kul 445 din ho ge. isase bhranti badh gee. isalie 445 dinon ke us varsh ko ‘bhranti varsh’ kaha jata hai. usane yah bhi adesh diya ki usake bad har chauthe varsh ko chhod kar pratyek varsh 365 din ka hoga. chautha varsh lip varsh hoga aur usamen 366 din honge. pharavari ko chhod kar pratyek mah men 31 ya 30 din honge. pharavari men 28 din honge lekin lip varsh men pharavari men 29 din mane jaenge. anuman hai ki 8 eesvi poorv men 'samrat aaugastas' ke nam par 'seksatilis mah' ka nam ‘agast’ rakh diya gaya.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. kalaindar ka vigyan (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 1julaee, 2011.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah