लीप वर्ष  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

lip varsh
lip varsh
vivaran pratyek char varsh bad ane vala varsh lip varsh ya adhivarsh kahalata hai. is varsh men 365 ke sthan par 366 din hote hain arthat ek din adhik hota hai.
vishesh yadi 29 faravari ki vyavastha n ho to ham har sal prakriti ke kailendar se lagabhag chhah ghnte age nikal jaenge, yani ek sadi men 24 din age. aisa hota to mausam ko mahine se jod kar rakhana mushkil ho jata.
any janakari lip varsh ka atirikt din 29 faravari mahattvapoorn hai, kyonki yah prakriti dvara sauramndal aur isake niyamon se ata hai. yah dharati ke soory ki parikrama karane se juda hua hai.

lip varsh har char varsh bad ane vala varsh lip varsh ya adhivarsh kahalata hai . is varsh men 365 ke sthan par 366 din hote hain arthat ek din adhik hota hai. prithvi ko soory ka chakkar lagane men 365 din aur lagabhag 6 ghnte lagate hain . is karan se pratyek char varsh men ek din adhik ho jata hai, atah pratyek char varsh bad faravari mah men ek din atirikt jod kar sntulan banaya jata hai.

  • adhivarsh snkhya 4 se bhajy hote hain.
  • 2004 adhivarsh tha.
  • '00' se ant hone vale varsh adhivarsh nahin hote kintu 2000 adhivarsh tha.
  1. vah chndr varsh jisamen malamas padata ho.
  2. vah eesvi sanh jisamen faravari 29 din ka ho.
  3. vah saur varsh jisamen phalgun 31 din ka ho, lip eeyar hota hai.

prithvi aur soory

lip varsh ka atirikt din 29 faravari mahattvapoorn hai kyonki yah prakriti dvara saur mndal aur isake niyamon se ata hai. yah dharati ke soory ki parikrama karane se juda hua hai. prithvi ko soory ka ek chakkar lagane men 365.242 din lagate hain arthat ek kailendar varsh se chauthaee din adhik. atah pratyek chauthe varsh kailendar men ek din atirikt jodana padata hai. is badhe din vale sal ko lip varsh ya adhivarsh kahate hain. ye atirikt din gregoriyan kailendar men lip varsh ka 60van din banata hai arthat 29faravari.

yadi 29 faravari ki vyavastha n ho to ham pratyek varsh prakriti ke kailendar se lagabhag chhah ghnte age nikal jaenge, yani ek sadi men 24 din age. yadi aisa hota to mausam ko mahine se jod kar rakhana mushkil ho jata. yadi lip varsh ki vyavastha khatm kar den to ajakal jise mee-joon ki sadi huee garmi kahate hain vaisi sthiti 500 sal bad disnbar men aegi.

bharatiy siddhant

lagabhag 1500 varsh poorv bharat ke hi ganit jyotishachary bhaskarachary ne thik-thik hisab laga kar bataya ki prithvi ke soory ke charon or ek bar ghoomane men 365.258756484 din lagate hain, jise ek varsh gina jata hai. bharat ke hi aryabhat ne shoony ke siddhant ki sthapana ki jisane snkhya pranali ko atirikt shakti pradan ki jisamen us samay tak keval 9 ank the .

jooliyan kailendar men lip varsh

eesa poorv 46 men jooliyas sizar dvara lae ge jooliyan kailendar men lip varsh ki vyavastha ki gee thi. un samay kailendar ka antim mahina faravari hota tha, jo sabase chhota mahina bhi tha. isalie atirikt din faravari men joda gaya. jooliyas sizar ne mausam ko mahine se thik-thik milane ke prayas men us sal yani 46 bi.si. men kul 90 atirikt din bhi jode . kul 445 dinon ka varsh jise khud sizar ne bhi 'bhram ka antim varsh' kaha tha.

42 bi.si. men pahala lip varsh apanae jane ke bad bhi bhram bana raha, jab jooliyas sizar ke kisi adhikari ki galati ke karan pratyek tisare sal ko lip varsh banaya jane laga. ise 36 sal bad jooliyas ke uttaradhikari aaugastas sizar ne thik kiya, usane tin lip varsh bina kisi atirikt din jode guzar jane die aur 8 e. di. se dobara har chauthe sal lip varsh ko niyamapoorvak lagoo karana sunishchit kiya.

lekin jooliyan kailendar ko lagoo kie jane ke bad bhi ek kami rah gee thi jise luiji gigliyo ne door kiya. gigliyo ne 1580 ke lagabhag yah siddh kiya ki prakriti ki ghadi ke sath poori tarah tal mila kar chalane ke lie har chauthe varsh ek din jodane ki vyavastha men kuchh apavad lagane honge. usane kaha ki koee varsh jo 4 se vibhajit hota ho, usamen faravari 29 din ka hoga. kintu yadi 4 se vibhajit sal 100 se bhi vibhajit hota hai to usamen faravari 28 din ka hi hoga. isake oopar gigliyo ne ek aur vyavastha di ki 4 aur 100 se vibhajit hone vala varsh yadi 400 se bhi vibhajit hota ho to use lip varsh mana jae. atah varsh 1700, 1800 aur 1900 ko jahan samany varsh mana gaya, vahin 2000 ko lip varsh mana gaya.

gregoriyan kailendar

pop gregori ke adesh ke bad kaitholik deshon ne snshodhit jooliyan kailendar ya ne gregoriyan kailendar ko 1582 men lagoo kiya. ne kailendar men sal ka antim mahina faravari nahin, balki disnbar nishchit kiya gaya aur lip varsh ka atirikt din faravari ke lie hi rahane diya gaya. us sal ne kailendar lagoo karane ki prakriya men 5 se 14 aktoobar ki tarikh gayab karani padi. isi tarah jab 1752 men briten aur usake adhinasth deshon ne antat: gregoriyan kailendar apanaya to unhen us sal 3 se 13 sitnbar ki tithiyan hatani padin.

kintu isake bad bhi sarvamany gregoriyan varsh abhi saur varsh se 27 sekend bada hai. kailendar men koee sudhar nahin kiya gaya to das hazar sal bad ham prakriti ke kailendar se tin din age honge. isase bachane ke lie koee 3236 sal bad ek bar faravari ko 30 din ka banana pad sakata hai.

shak yug

adhivarsh men, chaitr men 31 din hote hain aur isaki shuruat 21 march ko hoti hai. varsh ki pahali chhamahi ke sabhi mahine 31 din ke hote hain, jisaka karan is samay soory ki dhimi gati hai.

mahinon ke nam purane, hindoo chandr-saur pnchang se lie gaye hain isalie vartani bhinn roopon men maujood hai, aur kaun si tithi kis kailendar se snbndhit hai isake bare men bhram bana rahata hai.

shak yug , ka pahala varsh samany yug ke 78 ven varsh se shuroo hota hai, adhivarsh nirdharit karane ke shak varsh men 78 jod den- yadi gregoriyan kailendar men parinam ek adhivarsh hai, to shak varsh bhi ek adhivarsh hi hoga.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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