नक्षत्र  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

chndrama ke path men padane vale taron ka samooh jo saur jagath ke bhitar nahin hai. inaki kul snkhya 27 hai. puranon men inhen daksh prajapati ki putriyan bataya gaya hai jo sabhi som arthath chndrama ko byahi gayin thi. inamen se chndrama ko rohini sabase priy thi jisake karan chndrama ko shapagrast bhi hona pada tha. nakshatron ka mahattv vaidik kal se hi raha hai.

paribhasha

  • shatapath brahman" men 'nakshatr' shabd ka arth n + kshatr arthath 'shaktihin' bataya gaya hai.
  • 'nirookt' men isaki utpatti 'nakshh' arthath 'prapt karana' dhatu se mani hai. 'nakt' arthath 'ratri' aur 'tr' arthath 'snrakshak'.
  • 'latyayan' aur 'nidan sootr' men mahine men 27 din mane ge hain. 12 mahine ka ek varsh hai. ek varsh men 324 din mane ge hain. nakshatr varsh men ek mahina aur jud jane se 354 din hote hain. 'nidan sootr' ne soory varsh men 360 din gine hain. isaka karan soory ka pratyek nakshatr ke lie 13 din bitana hai. is tarah 13 x 27 = 360 hote hain.
  • chndrama ka nakshatron se milan 'nakshatr yog' aur jyotish ko 'nakshatr vidya' kaha jata hai. ayogy jyotishi ko varahamihir ne 'nakshatr soochak' kaha hai.

pauranik sahity men nakshatr

  • bharatiy hindoo snskriti men nakshatron ki ganana adikal se ki jati hai. atharvaved, taittiriy snhita, shatapath brahman ke anusar akash mndal men 27 nakshatr aur 'abhijit' ko milakar kul 28 nakshatr hain.
  • vaidik sahity vishesh roop se rigved men sabhi din - rat evn muhoort ko shubh mana jata hai.
  • vajasaney snhita ka bhi manana hai ki samast kal us virat purush se hi utpann hue hain, isilie sabhi 'kal' pavitr hain, vaidik jyotish nakshatron par adharit hain.
  • rigved men nakshatr un lokon ko kaha gaya hai, jisaka kshay nahin hota.
  • yajurved men nakshatron ko chndr ki apsaraen tatha eeshvar ka roop v alnkar kaha gaya hai.
  • taittariy brahman inhen devataon ka grih manata hai. vastavikata to yah hai ki vaidik sahity men sabhi nakshatr shubhatv ke pratik hain.

nakshatr kya hain?

nakshatr ka siddhant bharatiy vaidik jyotish men paya jata hai. yah paddhati snsar ki any prachalit jyotish paddhatiyon se adhik satik v achook mani jati hai. akash men chandrama prithvi ke charon or apani kaksha par chalata hua 27.3 din men prithvi ki ek parikrama poori karata hai. is prakar ek masik chakr men akash men jin mukhy sitaron ke samoohon ke bich se chandrama gujarata hai, chandrama v sitaron ke samooh ke usi snyog ko nakshatr kaha jata hai. chandrama ki 360˚ ki ek parikrama ke path par lagabhag 27 vibhinn tara-samooh banate hain, akash men taron ke yahi vibhajit samooh nakshatr ya taramndal ke nam se jane jate hain. in 27 nakshatron men chandrama pratyek nakshatr ki 13˚20’ ki parikrama apani kaksha men chalata hua lagabhag ek din men poori karata hai. pratyek nakshatr ek vishesh taramndal ya taron ke ek samooh ka pratinidhi hota hai. [1]

samay vibhajan

ek rashi men 2.25 nakshatr aya hai, isilie ek nakshatr ko 4 charanon men banta gaya hai aur ek rashi ko 9 charan prapt hue hain. 12 rashiyon ko 108 charanon men vibhakt kar diya, yahi 'navansh' kahalae tatha 108 ki snkhya ke shubhatv ka adhar bhi yahi 'nakshan-charan' vibhajan mana jata hai.

asaman ke 12 bhagon men bntavara kar dene ke bad bhi rishi muniyon ne isake aur sookshh‍m adhh‍yayan ke lie ise 27 bhagon men banta , jisase 13 digri 20 minat ka ek ek nakshatr nikala. akash men chandrama prithvi ke charon or apani kaksha par chalata hua 27.3 din men prithvi ki ek parikrama poori karata hai, is tarah chndrama pratidin ek nakshatr ko par karata hai. kisi vh‍yakti‍ ka janh‍m nakshatr vahi hota hai , jahan usake janh‍m ke samay chndrama hota hai. rishi muni ne vh‍yakti ke janh‍m ke nakshatr ko bahut mahath‍v diya tha , aur isake adhh‍yayan ke lie har nakshatr ke prath‍yek charan ke lie alag alag 'akshar' rakhe the. bachh‍che ke nam men pahala akshar nakshatr ka hi hua karata tha, jisase ek nakshatr ke bachh‍che ko bade hone ke bad bhi alag kiya ja sakata tha. shayad bade sh‍tar par risarch ke lie rishi muniyon ne yah parnpara shuroo ki ho.

namakaran

0 digri se lekar 360 digri tak sare nakshatron ka namakaran is prakar kiya gaya hai- ashvini, bharani, krittika, rohini, mॄgashira, adra, punarvasu, pushy, ashlesha, magha, poorvaphalguni, uttaraphalguni, hast, chitra, svati, vishakha, anuradha, jyeshtha, mool, poorvashadha, uttarashadha, shravan, dhanishtha, shatabhisha, poorvabhadrapad, uttarabhadrapad aur revati. adhik sookshh‍m adhh‍yayan ke lie ek ek nakshatr ko pun: char char charanon men banta gaya hai. choonki rashi barah hain aur nakshatr 27 aur sabake char char charan. isalie ek rashi ke antargat kinh‍hi tin nakshatr ke 9 charan a jate hain. vivah ke samay janh‍m kundali milan ke lie var aur vadhoo ke janh‍m nakshatr ka hi sabase adhik mahath‍v hota hai.[2]

jyotish men nakshatr

akash men chandrama prithvi ke charon or apani kaksha men bhraman karata hua 27.3 dinon men parikrama poorn karata hai. is prakar ek masik chakr men akashamndal men jin mukhy taron ke samoohon se chandrama gujarata hai, chandrama tatha taron ke usi snyog ko nakshatr kaha jata hai. jyotish men in 27 nakshatron ko mool, pnchak, dhruv, char, mishr, adhomukh, urdhvamukh, dagdh aur tirynd mukh adi namon se jana jata hai. inamen se ashvini, jyeshtha, ashlesha, magha, mool aur revati, in chh: nakshatron ko 'mool sngyk' ya 'gndamool nakshatr' kaha jata hai.

jyotish men grah aur rashiyan

nakshatr snskrit bhasha ka shabd hai jisaka arth hai- n ksharati, n sarati iti nakshatr arthath n hilane vala, n chalane vala. jo sthir ho. grahon evn nakshatron men yahi pramukh bhed hai ki grah to bhramanashil hain aur nakshatr sthir bharatiy jyotish men rashi-path ek sthir nakshatr se prarnbh hota hai isilie .nakshatr vrit. (Siderial zodiac) kahalata hai jabaki pashchaty jyotish men chal–vrit, (Tropical Zodiac) ka prachalan hai. rashipath(Zodiac) ek andakar vrit (Ellipse) jaisa hai jo 360° digri ka hai. in 360 anshon ko 12 saman bhagon me banta gaya hai aur pratyek 30 digri ke ek bhag ko ( rashi) kaha gaya hai. [3]

nakshatron ki snkhya

nirukt - shabdakosh ke anusar- ‘nakshatr’ akash men tara-samooh ko kahate hain. sadharanatah yah chndrama ke path se jude hain, kintu kisi bhi tara samooh ko nakshatr kahana uchit hai. rigved men ek sthan par soory ko bhi nakshatr kaha gaya hai, any nakshatron men saptarshi aur agasty hai, nakshatron ki vistrit janakari arthavaved, taittiriy snhita, shatapath brahman aur vedang jyotish men milati hai. isake anusar 27 nakshatron aur abhijit ka ullekh vibhinn ved, puran v upanishad men milata hai. grah aur nakshatron ke adhar par hi shubh aur ashubh ka nirnay hota raha hai. 28 nakshatr ye hain-

1 se 14 ashvini bharani krittika rohini mrigashira ardra punarvasu pushy ashlesha magha poorva phalguni uttara phalguni hast chitra
15 se 28 svati vishakha anuradha jyeshtha mool poorvashadha uttarashadha shravan dhanishtha shatabhisha poorva bhadrapad uttara bhadrapad revati abhijit

nakshatr dan

puranon ke anusar vibhinn nakshatron men bhinn bhinn vastuon ka dan karane se atyant puny tatha svarg ki prapti hoti hai. rohini nakshatr men ghi,doodh,ratn ka; mrigashira men vats sahit gay ka, ardra men khichadi ka, hast men hathi aur rath ka; anuradha men uttariy sahit vastr ka; poorvashadha men dahi aur sane hue sattoo ka bartan samet; revati men kanse ka aur uttara bhadrapad men mans ka dan karane ka niyam hai.

nakshatr vrat

alag alag nakshatron men vibhinn devataon adi ke poojan ka vidhan hai- ashvini men ashvini kumaron ka; bharani men yam ka; kritika men agni ka;ardra men shiv ka; punarvasu men aditi ka; pushy men brihaspati ka; shlesha men sarp ka; magha men pitaron ka; poorva phalguni men bhag ka, uttara phalguni men aryama ka; hast men soory ka; chitra men indr ka; anuradha men mitr ka; jyeshtha men indr ka; mool men rakshason ka; poorvashadha men jal ka; uttarashadha men vishvedevon ka; shravan men vishnu ka; dhanishtha men vasu ka; shatabhisha men varun ka; poorva bhadrapad men ajaikapat ka; uttara bhadrapad men ahirbudhy ka aur revati men poosha ka vrat aur poojan kiya jata hai. prachin kal se in vraton ko arogy, ayuvridhdi aur sukhasamman karak bataya jata hai.

tika tippani

  1. nakshatr (hindi) (eesapi) estroyogi. abhigaman tithi: 16 march, 2011.
  2. sikhen 'gath‍yath‍mak jh‍yotish' (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) jyotish sikhen. abhigaman tithi: 17 march, 2011.
  3. bharatiy jyotish ka vaishishty nakshatr (hindi) pravasi duniya. abhigaman tithi: 18 march, 2011.

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