माया कैलेंडर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

maya kailendar
Mayan Calendar

maya kailendar (mayan/mayan ya mayan/ meso) amerikan sabhyata ki den hai. qarib 250 se lekar 900 eesa poorv (AD) tak uttari aur madhy amerika (sauth eest meksiko, bailiz, pashchimi hondooras aur al salvador) men maya snskriti namak ek prachin sabhyata vikasit huee thi. ise meso-amerikan sabhyata bhi kaha jata hai. maya sabhyata kolnbiyaee miso ameriki sabhyata se pahale ki mani jati hai. jahan par aj maiksiko ka yookatan namak sthan hai vahan kisi jamane men maya sabhyata ke log raha karate the. maya sabhyata ke log kala, ganit, vastushastr, jh‍yotish aur lekhan adi ke kshetr men kafi agrani the. speni akrantaon ke ane ke bad unaki sabhyata aur snskriti ka dhire dhire ksharan hone laga. gvatemala, maiksiko, honduras tatha yookatan prayadvip men is sabhyata ke avashesh khojakartaon ko mile hain.

aitihasik praman

yoon to is ilaqe men eesa se das hazar sal pahale se basavat shuroo hone ke praman mile hain aur 1800 sal eesa poorv se prashant mahasagar ke tatiy ilaqon men ganv bhi basane shuroo ho chuke the. lekin kuchh puratatv vettaon ka manana hai ki eesa se koee ek hazar sal pahale, maya sabhyata ke logon ne anushthanik imaraten banana shuroo kar diya tha aur 600 sal eesapoorv tak bahut se parisar bana lie the. sanh 250 se 900 ke bich vishal star par bhavan nirman kary hua, shahar base. ise kalatmak vikas ka svarn yug kaha jata hai. krishi ka vikas hua aur nagar pradhan rajy bane. unaki sabase ullekhaniy imaraten piramid hain jo unhonne dharmik kendron men banaeen lekin phir sanh 900 ke bad maya sabhyata ke in nagaron ka hras hone laga aur nagar khali ho ge. aisa kyon hua isapar bahut se mat hain. kuchh ka manana hai ki videshi akraman ya vidroh ke karan is sabhyata ka patan hua aur kuchh kahate hain ki kisi prakritik vipada ya mahamari ke karan aisa hua.

ganit aur khagol ke kshetr men ullekhaniy vikas

prachin maya sabhyata ke kal men ganit aur khagol ke kshetr men ullekhaniy vikas hua. maya snskriti ke log prakhar khagolashashtri aur jyotish the. is meso amerikan sabhyata ki sabase badi khasiyat isaka khagoliy gyan thi. is sabhyata ne shukr ko adhar banakar bhavishyavani kin. is sabhyata ne chndrama se dharati ki doori aur vibhinn grahon ki sthiti ki itani satik janakari di ki vaigyanik bhi hairat men hain. maya-sabhyata ke yug ke logon ne vibhinn ghatanaon, dharmik tyoharon aur janm-maran snbndhi baton ka rikard rakhane ke lie kailendar ka vikas kiya tha. apane gyan ke adhar par maya logon ne ek kailendar banaya tha. kaha jata hai ki unake dvara banaya gaya kailendar itana satik nikala hai ki aj ke supar kampyootar bhi usaki gananaon men 0.06 tak ka hi farq nikal sake aur maya kailendar ke anek akalan, jinaki ganana hajaron salon pahale ki gee thi, sahi sabit hue hain.

samany parichay

maya kailendar
Mayan Calendar

maya kailendar ka ek sal 290 din ka hota hai. maya kailendar men tarikh tin prakar se nirdharit hote hain. tarikh ka nirdharan lnbi ginati, jaaulakin yani eeshvariy kailendar aur hab yani lok kailendar ke jarie hota hai. inhin ke adhar par maya sabhyata ke log bhavishyavaniyan karate hain. maya sabhyata ki ganana aur pnchang ko hi maya kailendar kaha jata hai. maya kailendar men 20 - 20 dinon ke 18 mahine hote the aur 365 din poora karane ke lie 5 din atirikt jod die jate the. in 5 dinon ko ashubh mana jata tha.

maya kailendar ke mahine

  1. Pop (paaup)
  2. Uo (uo)
  3. Zip (jip)
  4. Zotz (jaauhtj)
  5. Tzec (tijek)
  6. Xul (jul)
  7. Yaxkin (yaksakin)
  8. Mol (mol)
  9. Chen (chen)
  10. Yax (yaks)
  11. Zac (jaik)
  12. Ceh (seh)
  13. Mac (maik)
  14. Kankin (kan kin)
  15. Muan (muan)
  16. Pax (paiks)
  17. Kayab (kayab)
  18. Cumbu (kumboo)

21 disnbar, 2012

maya sabhyata ke logon ki manyata thi ki jab unake kailendar ki tarikhen khatm hoti hain, to dharati par pralay ata hai aur ne yug ki shuruat hoti hai. unake dvara vikasit long kaunt kailendar ee. poo. 3114 (BC) se shuroo ho raha hai, jo baktoonon men bnta hai. is kailendar ke hisab se 394 sal ka ek baktoon hota hai aur poora kailendar 13 baktoonon men bnta hai. maya snskriti ke log 13 ke ankade ko bahut mahatv dete the aur 13van bakatoon 21 disambar 2012 ke asapas samapt hota hai. isiliye mana gaya ki 21 disnbar, 2012 ko prithvi ka vinash ho jayega. kailendar ke anusar yah bataya gaya ki plainet-eks nibiroo nam ka ek grah disnbar-2012 ko prithvi se takaraega aur yah takkar sunami, bhooknp aur jvalamukhi visphot paida karegi aur is prithvi ka namonishan mit jaega. isake alava, is kailendar ne yah bhavishyavani bhi ki thi ki 26 hazar sal men pahali bar soory akashagnga ke madhyavarti samatal ko par karega. yah dharati ke lie kafi vinashakari sabit hoga, lekin aisa kuchh nahin hua, kyonki nasa estrobayolaauji instityoot ke siniyar saintist devid morisan ne kaha ki soory ke akashagnga ke madhyavarti samatal ko par karane ki bat hi sahi nahin hai. neshanal jyographik nyooj ne apani ek riport men bhi in ashnkaon ko vaigyanik sakshyon ke adhar par silasilevar dhng se poori tarah kharij kar dikhaya. kornal vishvavidyalay men khagolavid ain martin ke anusar mayan kailendar ka dijayan avarti hai. aise men yah kahana ki dirgh ganana disnbar 2012 ko samapt ho rahi hai, sahi nahin hai. ain ka kahana hai ki yah mahaj mayan samaj men mahanh kailendar chakr ki samapti hai. yah bilkul vaisa hi hai jaise hamari sabhyata ne nee sahastrabdi ka svagat kiya tha. is prakar yah mana ja sakata hai ki maya kailenh‍dar ke varsh ka samaph‍t hona bilh‍kul samanh‍y ghatana hai. maya kailendar men ek sath do do sal, pahala 260 dinon ka aur doosara 365 dinon ke chalate the. 365 din ka sal to nishchit taur par saur gati par adharit hota hoga, jabaki 260 dinon ka sal snbhavat: 9 chndramas ka hota ho. is tarah isake 4 chndravarsh poore hone par 3 sauravarsh hi poore hote honge, jisaka satik talamel karate hue varsh ke akalan ke sath hi sath grah nakshatron aur sooryagrahan, chndragrahan tak ke akalan ka unh‍hen vishishh‍t gyan tha. isase unake ganit jh‍yotish ke visheshgy hone ka pata to chalata hai, par phalit jh‍yotish ki visheshgyta ki pushti nahin hoti hai.



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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