आंग्ल-मराठा युद्ध प्रथम  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

pratham angl-maratha yuddh 1775 - 1782 ee. tak chala. raghova (raghunatharav) eest indiya kampani se santh-ganth karake svayn peshava banane ka sapana dekhane laga tha. usane 1775 ee. men angrezon se soorat ki sandhi ki, jisake anusar bambee sarakar raghova se dedh lakh rupaye masik kharch lekar use 2500 sainikon ki sahayata degi. is sahayata ke badalen raghova ne angrezon ko bambee ke samip sthit salaset dvip tatha basin ko dene ka vachan diya. 1779 ee. men kampani sena ki badaganv namak sthan par bhnyakar har huee aur use badaganv ki sandhi karani padi. is har ke bavajood bhi varen hestings ne sandhi hone tak yuddh ko jari rakha tha.

bord aauf dayarektars ka nirnay

raghunatharav kampani ki sena ke sahayog se poona ki taraf agrasar hua. angrej karnal 'miting' aur raghunatharav ki snyukt sena ne mee, 1775 men anandanagar ke madhy sthit 'aras' namak sthan par peshava ki sena ko parajit kar diya. doosari or poona men peshava ki snrakshak samiti ka netritv nana phadanavis kar rahe the. nana phadanavis ne angrez kaiptan 'aauptan' (angrezon ka pratinidhi) se march, 1776 men purandar ki sandhi ki. isake tahat yah vyavastha ki gee, ki kampani raghunatharav ka samarthan nahin karegi, parantu salaset dvip par kampani ka adhikar bana rahega. purandar ki sandhi nirarthak siddh huee, kyonki lndan sthit 'bord aauf dayarektars' ne 'soorat ki sandhi' ko svikar karate hue 'purandar ki sandhi' ko asvikar kar diya. bambee sarakar bhi is sandhi ko manane ko taiyar nahin huee, kyonki use soorat ki sandhi adhik labhadayak pratit huee.

angrezon ki har evn sandhi

kalantar men is sandhi ke mahatv ko samapt kar bambee se kampani ne sena ko peshava ke viruddh bheja. donon pakshon men badaganv ke sthan par yuddh hua, jisamen kampani ki sena parajit huee. parinamasvaroop 1779 een. men badaganv ki sandhi huee. jisake tahat angrezon ne 1773 ee. ke bad jite gaye, sabhi maratha kshetron ko vapas karane ka vachan diya. angrezon ke lie yah sandhi badi apamanajanak thi, parantu varen hestings ne bina nirasha ke yuddh ko nirantar jari rakha.

raghova ko penshan

1780 ee. men ahamadabad, gujarat evn gvaliyar ko jitane men kampani ki sena ko saphalata mili. lagabhag 7 varsh ke yuddh ke pashchath 1782 ee. men mahadaji shinde aur angrez pratinidhi 'devid endarasan' ke bich salabaee ganv men 17 sootri sandhi salabaee ki sandhi sampann huee. sandhi ki sharto ke anusar donon pakshon ne ek doosare ke jite gaye pradeshon ko chhod dene ka vada kiya. matr salaset dvip evn eliphainta dvip hi angrezon ke adhikar men rah gaye. angrajon ne raghova ka sath chhod diya. peshava dvara raghova ko penshan di gee, sath hi kampani ne madhavarav narayan ko peshava ke roop men manyata pradan kar di. varen hestings ne salabaee ki sandhi ko “apattikal ki saphal shanti varta” kaha hai.

marathon ka patan

peshava ki balyavastha ke karan 'barabhaee parishad' ke sadasy mahadaji shinde evn nana phadanavis koee bhi nirnay lene ke lie svatantr the. kalantar men in donon dvara satta par adhikar karane ke lie gahari pratiddhandita prarambh ho gee, jisase marathon ki antarik sthiti kamazor ho gee. 1795 ee. men mahadaji shinde ki mrity ho gee. isi varsh tarun peshava ne atmahatya kar li. isaki mrityu ke bad indaur ke holkar ne vinayakarav ko peshava banaya. jisake phalasvaroop bajirav dvitiy bhagakar angrezon ki sharan men chala gaya aur usane 1802 men basin ki sandhi kar li.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah