बाजीराव द्वितीय  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bajirav dvitiy
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mrityu tithi 1853 ee.
mrityu sthan bithoor, kanapur
pita/mata raghunatharav, anandibaee
dharmik manyata hindoo
yuddh ashti ki ladaee
shasan kal 1796-1818
snbndhit lekh maratha samrajy, bajirav pratham, raghunatharav, nana phadanavis
any janakari bajirav dvitiy ne 1801 men basee jakar angrezon ki sharan grahan kar li thi. vahin ek angrezi jahaz par usane 'basee ki sandhi' (31 disambar, 1802) par hastakshar kar diye. isake dvara usane eest indiya kampani ka ashrit hona svikar kar liya tha.

bajirav dvitiy athavan aur antim peshava (1796-1818) tha. vah raghunatharav (raghova) ka putr tha. apane pradhanamntri nana phadanavis se bajirav dvitiy sada nafarat karata raha. nana phadanavis ki mrityu ke bad vah svayn hi maratha samrajy ki satta sambhalana chahata tha. bajirav dvitiy ek qayar aur vishvasaghati vyakti tha, jisane angrezon ki sahayata prapt karake peshava ka pad prapt kiya tha. parantu angrezon ke sath bhi vah sachcha siddh nahin hua. usaki dhokhebazi aur beimani ke karan angrezon ne use bndi banakar bithoor bhej diya, jahan 1853 ee. men usaki mrityu ho gee.

peshava ka pad

bajirav dvitiy ne angrezon se mitrata karake unaki sahayata se 'peshava' ka pad prapt kiya tha aur usake lie kee maratha kshetr angrezon ko de diye. bajirav dvitiy svarthi aur ayogy shasak tha tatha mahattvakankshi hone ke karan apane pradhanamntri nana phadanavis se eershya karata tha. phadanavis ki mrityu 1800 ee. men ho gee aur bajirav svayn hi satta sambhalane ke lie atur ho utha. lekin vah sainik gunon se rahit aur vyaktigat roop se qayar tha aur samajhata tha, ki keval chhal kapat se hi apane lakshy ko prapt kiya ja sakata hai.

bajirav ki parajay

nana phadanavis ki mrityu ke bad usake rikt pad ke lie daulatarav shinde aur jasavantarav holkar men pratidvandvita shuroo ho gee. bajirav dvitiy chhal kapat se in donon ko hi apane niyntran men rakhana chahata tha, jisase mamala aur ulajh gaya. shinde aur holkar ne peshava ko apane niyntran men lene ke lie poona ke phatakon ke bahar yuddh shuroo kar diya. bajirav dvitiy ne shinde ka sath diya, lekin holkar ki sena ne un donon ki snyukt sena ko parajit kar diya.

angrezon se sandhi

bhayabhit peshava bajirav dvitiy ne 1801 ee. men basee bhagakar angrezon ki sharan li aur vahin ek angrezi jahaz par basee ki sandhi, 31 disambar, 1802 par hastakshar kar diye. isake dvara usane eest indiya kampani ka ashrit hona svikar kar liya. angrezon ne bajirav dvitiy ko rajadhani poona men pun: sattasin karane ka vachan diya aur peshava ki raksha ke lie usane rajy men paryapt sena rakhane ki zimmedari li. isake badale men peshava ne kampani ko itana maratha ilaqa dena svikar kar liya, jisase kampani ki sena ka kharch nikal ae. usane yah bhi vayada kiya ki vah apane yahan angrezon se shatruta rakhane vale any yooropiy desh ke logon ko naukari par nahin rakhega. is prakar bajirav dvitiy ne apani raksha ke lie angrezon ke hath apani svatntrata bech di.

maratha saradaron ka rosh

maratha saradaron ne basee ki sndhi ke prati apana rosh prakat kiya, kyonki unhen laga ki peshava ne apani qayarata ke karan un sabhi ki svatntrata bech di hai. at: un logon ne is apattijanak sndhi ko khatm karane ke lie yuddh ki taiyari ki. parinamasvaroop dvitiy angl-maratha yuddh (1803-06 ee) hua, jisamen angrezon ki jit huee aur maratha kshetron par unaki prabhu-satta sthapit ho gee.

vishvasaghati v qayar vyakti

peshava bajirav dvitiy ne shighr hi siddh kar diya ki vah keval qayar hi nahin, balki vishvasaghati bhi hai. vah angrezon ke sath huee sndhi ke prati bhi sachcha sabit nahin hua. sndhi ke dvara lagaye gaye pratibandh use ruchikar nahin lage. usane maratha saradaron men vyapt rosh aur asntosh ka fayada uthakar unhen angrezon ke viruddh dubara sngathit kiya.

atm samarpan v mrityu

navambar 1817 men bajirav dvitiy ke netritv men sngathit maratha sena ne poona ki 'angrezi rejidensi' ko lootakar jala diya aur khadaki sthiti angrezi sena par hamala kar diya, lekin vah parajit ho gaya. tadanantar vah do aur ladaiyon - janavari 1818 men kore ganv aur ek mahine ke bad ashti ki ladaee men parajit hua. usane bhagane ki koshish ki, lekin 3 joon, 1818 ee. ko use angrezon ke samane atm samarpan karana pada. angrezon ne is bar peshava ka pad hi samapt kar diya aur bajirav dvitiy ko apadasth karake bndi ke roop men kanapur ke nikat bithoor bhej diya, jahan 1853 ee. men usaki mrityu ho gee. marathon ki svatntrata nasht karane ke lie bajirav dvitiy sabase adhik zimmedar tha.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bhattachary, sachchidanand bharatiy itihas kosh, dvitiy snskaran-1989 (hindi), bharat diskavari pustakalay: uttar pradesh hindi snsthan, 281.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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