बिठूर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bithoor ka mukhy ghat, kanapur

bithoor prasiddh hindoo dharmik sthal hai jo kanapur, uttar pradesh men sthit hai. yah sthal mahanh krantikari tatya tope, nana rav peshava aur rani lakshmibaee jaise krantikariyon ki yaden apane daman men samete hue hai. yah aisa darshaniy sthal hai, jise brahma, maharshi valmiki, vir balak dhruv, mata sita aur lav kush ne kisi n kisi roop men apani karmasthali banaya. ramanik drishyon se bharapoor yah jagah sadiyon se shraddhaluon aur paryatakon ko lubha rahi hai.

sthiti

uttari bharat ke uttar pradesh rajy men audyogik nagar kanapur ke pashchimottar disha men 27 kimi door sthit gnga nadi ke tat par ek chhota sa sthan sthit hai. bithoor men sanh 1857 men bharatiy svatntrata ka pratham sngram ka prarambh hua tha. yah shahar uttar pradesh ke shahar kanapur se 22 kilomitar door kannauj rod par sthit hai. lakhanoo se kanapur ki doori 80 kilomitar hai aur vahan se bithoor 22 kilomitar hai.

janasnkhya

san 2001 ki janaganana ke anusar janasnkhya 9,647 hai.

aitihasikata

pavitr pavani gnga ke kinare basa bithoor ka kan-kan naman ke yogy hai. yah darshaniy isalie hai ki mahakavy kal se isaki mahima barakarar hai. yah maharshi valmiki ki tapobhoomi hai. yah krantikariyon ki virabhoomi hai. yahan mahanh krantikari tatya tope ne kranti macha di thi. yahan nana sahab peshava ki yaden khandaharon ke bich basati hain. yahi nahin tapasvi balak dhruv aur usake pita uttanapad ki rajadhani bhi kabhi yahin par thi. kahate hain ki 'dhruv ka tila' hi us samay dhruv ke rajy ki rajadhani thi. aj rajadhani ki jhalak dekhane ko nahin milati lekin aitihasikata ki kahani yahan ke khandahar sunate hain. kahane ko yah kanapur se sadhe bais kilomitar door chhota sa qasba hai, lekin yah kahana galat n hoga ki is kasbe ke karan kanapur paryatan ke nakshe par mahattv pata hai. isake kinare se hokar gnga kal-kal karati bahati hai. suramyata ka alam yah hai ki jidhar nikal jaie, man mohit ho jata hai.

bithoor

brahmavart hua bithoor

kivadanti hai ki brahma ne srishti ki rachana ke upalakshy men yahan par brahmeshvar mahadev ki sthapana ki. unhonne is avasar par ashvamedh ygy bhi kiya aur usake smarak ke roop men ek nal ki sthapana ki jo brahmavart ghat par aj bhi virajaman hai. ise brahmanal ya brahm ki khoonti bhi kahate hain kyonki maharshi valmiki ki yah tapobhoomi hai, isalie isaka ram katha se judav svabhavik hai. dhobi ke tana marane ke bad jab raja ram ne sita ko rajy se nikala to unhen yahan par valmiki ashram men sharan mili thi. yahin par unake donon putr lav aur kush ka janm hua. yahi nahin jab maryada purushottam ram ne ashvamedh ygy kiya to unake dvara chhode ge ghode ko yahin par lav-kush ne pakada. zahir hai ki is tarah yah bhoomi prabhu ram aur mata sita ke akhiri milan ki bhoomi hai. bhagavan shnkar ne man parvati devi ko is tirthasthal ka mahatmy samajhate hue kaha hai-

brahmavartasy mahatmyn bhavatyai kathitn mahath.
yada karnan matren naro n syatsnandhayah.

shraddhaluon ki aisi manyata hai ki kapil muni ne gnga sagar jane se poorv yahan kapileshvar ki sthapana ki. yahan ashtatirth ki mahatta kabhi vishv vikhyat thi. jo shraddhalu ate ve asht tirth-

  1. gyan tirth,
  2. janaki tirth,
  3. lakshman tirth,
  4. dhruv tirth,
  5. shukr tirth,
  6. ram tirth,
  7. dashashvamegh tirth aur
  8. gaucharan tirth ki parikrama zaroor karate the. halanki inamen se anek tirth ab smritiyon men hi bache hain lekin unaki mahima ab bhi barakarar hai.

svatntrata sngram ka kendr

san 1818 men antim peshava bajirav angrezon se loha lene ka man banakar bithoor a ge. nana sahab peshava ne angrezon ke khilaf kranti ka bigul isi zamin par bajaya. jhansi ki rani lakshmibaee ka shaishavakal yahin bita. is aitihasik bhoomi ko tatya tope jaise krantikariyon ne apane khoon se sinchakar urvar banaya hai. yahan krantikariyon ki gaurav gathaen aj bhi paryatak sunane ate hain.

peshava bajirav ka darabar

1818 men angrezon dvara apadasth kiye jane ke bad, marathon ke peshava bajirav ne apana darabar yahin sthapit kiya tha.

bharatiy vidroh men bhag lene ka dnd

1857 men bajirav ke dattak putr ke bharatiy vidroh men bhag lene par pratikar svaroop british sena ne is nagar ko dhaha diya aur mndir aur mahalon ko nasht kar diya.

hinduon ka pramukh tirth

bithoor

nagar ke dhvnsavashesh hinduon ke liye ek pramukh tirth hai.

ghaton ka nagar

varanasi (bhootapoorv banaras) ki tarah bithur bhi ghaton ka nagar hai. sarvadhik mahattvapoorn ghat bhagavan brahma ko samarpit hai. ghat par sthit ek charan chihn ko bhagavan brahma ka mana jata hai. kaha jata hai ki mahakavy ramayan ki rachana maharshi valmiki ne yahin ki thi aur sita ne yahan sharan li thi v lav aur kush ko janm diya tha.

nana sahab ka grih kshetr

bithur nana sahab ka grih kshetr hai, jinhonne 1857 ke vidroh men pramukh bhoomika nibhaee thi. ye nana rav aur tatya tope jaise logon ki dharati rahi hai.

rani lakshmibaee ka bachapan

rani lakshmibaee ne apana bachapan yahin gujara tha.

paryatan

  • yahan peshavaon ke banavae anek darshanie sthal hain.
  • nauka vihar ke lie gnga ke suramy ghat hain.
  • sabase darshaniy ghat brahmavart ghat sachendi ke raja hindoo sinh chandel ne banavaya tha, jisaka jirnondvar bajirav peshava ne karaya.
  • raja tikaitarav ka banavaya ghat bhi bahut hi khoobasoorat hai. yah ghat pattharon se bana hai. yahan paryatak ghnton baithakar prakritik sushama ko niharate hain.
  • almas ali ka banavaya maqabara aur lakshman ghat sahit yahan dekhane ke lie darjan bhar aitihasik mandir hain.
  • yahan par uttar pradesh sarakar ne nana rav peshava ki smriti men ek sundar smarak bhi banavaya hai.
  • dhruv tila, valmiki ashram, dip malika stambh, ashtatirth, prachin ganesh mandir, saee mandir aur brahm ji ki khoonti pramukh darshaniy sthalon men se hain.

utsav ki dhoom

  • varsh men yahan tin mele lagate hain-
  1. kartik poornima,
  2. makar snkranti aur
  3. gnga dashahara jeth sudi dashami ko yahan mele ka ayojan hota hai. isamen asapas ke zilon se hazaron log ate hain. isamen desh-videsh se paryatak bhi ate hain. isake alava zila prashasan ki taraph se bithoor gnga utsav ka bhi ayojan karaya jata hai.

parivahan

  • bithoor jane ke lie desh ki rajadhani dilli aur uttar pradesh ki rajadhani lakhanoo se tren suvidha bahut achchhi hai. shramashakti, kanapur shatabdi jaisi ek se ek trenen dilli se kanapur ati hain. mumbee se udyog nagari eksapres kanapur jati hai.
  • isake alava havaee suvidha bhi hai. lakhanoo havaee marg ya phir tren marg se akar vahan se taiksi lekar bithoor jaya ja sakata hai. amausi havaee adda, lakhanoo se sidhe kanapur ke lie taiksiyan mil jati hain.
  • lakhanoo se kanapur ki doori 80 kilomitar hai aur vahan se bithoor 22 kilomitar hai. lakhanoo se kanapur hote hue bithoor jane ka ek labh yah bhi hoga ki asapas ke aur aitihasik sthal jaise kakori smarak, pratap narayan mishr ki janmasthali, navabagnj pakshi vihar, jajamoo adi ka bhi bhraman kiya ja sakata hai.
  • bithoor jane vale paryatak ab aee. aee. ti. kanapur bhi dekhana chahate hain. shiksha ka yah mandir bithoor se pahale padata hai. bahut se paryatak gnga vihar bhi karate hain. ve bithoor se nav ke dvara aitihasik paramat sthit anandeshvar mandir men darshanarth bhi jate hain.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah