चुनार  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

chunar qile se gnga ka drishy

chunar uttar pradesh rajy ke mirzapur zile men vindhyachal ki pahadiyon men gnga tat par sthit hai. isaka prachin nam 'charanadri' tha. chaudahavin shatabdi men yah chndelon ke adhikar men tha. solahavin shatabdi men chunar ko bihar tatha bngal ko jitane ke kie pahala bada naka samajha jata tha.

namakaran

banaras se 39 mil (lagabhag 62.4 ki.mi.) aur prayag se 75 mil (lagabhag 120 ki.mi.) ki doori par chunar sthit hai. kaha jata hai ki yah nam vahan ki pahadi ki manavacharan ke saman akriti hone ke karan hi pada hai.[1] snbhavat: 'dhonasarav' jatak men varnit bhaggon ki rajadhani 'sunsumagiri' bhi isi pahadi par basi huee thi. chunar gnga nadi ke kinare basa hai. janashruti hai ki chunar men gnga ulti bahati hai. yahan gnga men ek ghumav hai; nadi uttar-pashchim ki or ghoomakar phir poorv ki or mudakar kashi ki or bahati hai. ghumav ka karan chunar ki pahadi ki sthiti hai. isi vishesh sthiti ke karan chunar ka prachin kal men nadi marg ka naka samajha jata tha.

kalidas ka ullekh

snbhavat: yah sthan chunar ke nikat hi tha. kushavati se ayodhya jane vale marg men chunar ki sthiti svabhavik hi jan padati hai. mahakavi kalidas ne, jo is vishasht sthan ke varnan men gnga ki pratip gati bataee hai, usase yah snbhav dikhata hai ki kavi ke dhyan men chunar ki sthiti hi rahi hogi, kyonki kisi any sthan par gnga ki ulti or bahana prasiddh nahin hain. snbhav hai ki hindi ke muhavare- 'ulati gnga bahana' ka snbndh bhi chunar men gnga ke ulte pravah se ho.

'raghuvnsh'[2] ke anusar kushavati se ayodhya lautate samay kush ki sena ne jis sthan par gnga ko par kiya tha, vaha gnga 'pratipaga' ya 'pashchim-vahini' thi-

'tirthe tadiye gajasetubndhatpratipagamuttaratosyngagamh, ayatnabalavyajanivabhoovurhasanabholndhanalolapaksha:'.

chunar ka durg

chunar ka vikhyat durg raja bhartrihari ke samay ka kaha jata hai. inaki mrityu 651 ee. men huee thi.[3] kinvadnti hai ki sannyas lene ke uparant jab bhartrihari vikramadity ke manane par bhi ghar n laute, to unaki raksharth vikramadity ne yah qila banava diya tha. us samay yahan ghana jngal tha. qile ka snbndh 'alha-oodal' ki katha se bhi bataya jata hai. yah sthan jahan alha ki patni munava ka mahal tha, ab 'sunava burj' ke nam se prasiddh hai. isake pas hi 'mado' namak sthan hai, jahan alha ka vivah hua tha. chunar ka durg prayag ke durg ki apeksha adhik dridh tatha vishal hai. qile ke niche sainkadon varshon se gnga ki tikshn dhara bahati rahi, kintu durg ki bhittiyon ko koee hani nahin pahunch saki hai. isake do or gnga bahati hai tatha ek or gahari khaee hai. durg, chunar ke prasiddh balua patthar ka bana hai aur bhoomital se kafi oonchi pahadi par sthit hai. mukhy dvar lal patthar ka hai aur us par sundar naqqashi hai. qile ka parakota pray: do gaj chauda hai. uparyukt mado tatha sunava burj durg ke bhitar avasthit hain. yahin raja bhartrihari ka mndir hai, jahan unhonne apana sannyas kal bitaya tha. qile ke nikat hi sava sau ya dedh sau phut gahari bavadi hai. kile men kee gahare tahakhane bhi hain, jinamen surnge bani hain.

muslim adhipaty

1333 ee. ke ek snskrit abhilekh se soochit hota hai ki us samay yah durg svamiraja chndel ke adhikar men tha. chndelon ke samay men chunar ka nam 'chndelagadh' bhi tha. isake bad yahan muslimon ka adhipaty ho gaya. chunaragadh ka ullekh sherashah v mugal badashah humayoon ki ladaiyon ke snbndh men bhi ata hai. is kal men chunar ko, bihar tatha bngal ko jitane tatha adhikar men rakhane ke lie, pahala bada naka samajha jata tha. sherashah ne humayoon ko chunar ke pas haraya tha, jisase humayoon ko bhari vipatti ka samana karana pada tha.

mugalon ka adhikar

1575 ee. men badashah akabar ne chunar ko jita aur tapashchath mugal samrajy ke antim dinon tak yah mugalon ke adhikar men raha. 18vin shati ke dvitiy charan men avadh ke navabon ne chunar ko avadh rajy men sammilit kar liya, kintu tatpashchath 1772 ee. men eest indiya kampani ka prabhutv sthapit hua. banaras ke raja chetasinh ko jab varen hestings ka kop bhajan banane ke karan kashi ko chhodana pada, to kashi ki praja ki krodhagni bhadak uthi aur hestings ko kashi, jahan chetasinh ko giraphtar karane aya tha, chhod kar bhagana pada. usane is avasar par chunar ke qile men sharan li thi.

smarak

chunar men kee prasiddh prachin smarak hain. kamaksha mndir oonchi pahadi par hai. mndir ke niche durgakund aur ek any prachin mndir hai. durgakund aur durgakhoh ke as-pas anek purane mndiron ke bhagnavashesh pade hue hain aur gupt kal se lekar 18vin shati ke anek abhilekh prapt hue hain. yahan ki prasiddh masajid 'muajjin' namak hai, jisamen mugal samrat farrukhasiyar ke samay men makka se lae hue 'hasan-husain' ke pahane hue vastr surakshit hain.

inhen bhi dekhen: chunar qila


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. charan+adri=pahadi
  2. raghuvnsh 16, 33
  3. shri nn. la. de ke anusar pal rajaon ne is durg ka nirman karavaya tha.
  • aitihasik sthanavali | vijayendr kumar mathur | vaigyanik tatha takaniki shabdavali ayog | manav snsadhan vikas mntralay, bharat sarakar

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh


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