कालिंजर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kalinjar
kalinjar durg
rajy uttar pradesh
zila banda
nirmata chndravarma
nirman kal 10vin shatabdi lagabhag
bhaugolik sthiti vindhyachal pahadi par 700 phit ki oonchaee par sthit.
prasiddhi aitihasik paryatan sthal
havaee adda khajuraho
relave steshan banda
bas adda banda shahar se bas dvara barasta giravan, narauni, kalinjar pahuncha ja sakata hai.
nirman samagri grenait pashan
adhikrit uttar pradesh sarakar
any janakari kalinjar durg vyavasayik drishti se bhi mahatvapoorn hai. yahan pahadi khera aur brihaspatikund men uttam koti ki hira khadanen hain. durg ke samip kuthala javari ke jngal men lal rng ke chamakadar patthar se prachin kal men sona banaya jata tha.

kalinjar uttar pradesh ke bundelakhand kshetr men banda zile men sthit pauranik sndarbh vala ek aitihasik durg hai. bharatiy itihas men samarik drishti se yah qila kafi mahattvapoorn raha hai. yah vishv dharohar sthal prachin nagari khajuraho ke nikat hi sthit hai. kalinjar durg bharat ke sabase vishal aur aparajey qilon men ek mana jata hai. ek pahadi ki choti par sthit is qile men anek smarakon aur moortiyon ka khajana hai. in chizon se itihas ke vibhinn pahaluon ka pata chalata hai. chndelon dvara banavaya gaya yah qila chndel vnsh ke shasan kal ki bhavy vastukala ka umda udaharan hai. is qile ke andar kee bhavan aur mndir hain. is vishal qile men bhavy mahal aur chhatariyan hain, jin par barik dizain aur nakkashi ki gee hai. qila hindoo bhagavan shiv ka nivas sthan mana jata hai. qile men nilaknth mahadev ka ek anokha mndir bhi hai.

itihas

itihas ke utar-chadhavon ka pratyaksh gavah banda janapad ka kalinjar qila har yug men vidyaman raha hai. is qile ke nam avashy badalate gaye hain. isane satayug men kirtinagar, tretayug men madhyagadh, dvapar yug men sinhalagadh aur kaliyug men kalinjar ke nam se khyati payi hai. kalinjar ka aparajey qila prachin kal men jejakabhukti samrajy ke adhin tha. jab chndel shasak aye to is par mahamood gazanavi, kutubuddin aibak aur humayoon ne akraman kar ise jitana chaha, par kamayab nahin ho paye. ant men akabar ne 1569 ee. men yah qila jitakar birabal ko upahar svaroop de diya. birabal ke bad yah qila bundel raja chhatrasal ke adhin ho gaya. inake bad qile par panna ke haradev shah ka kabja ho gaya. 1812 ee. men yah qila angrezon ke adhin ho gaya.[1]

kalinjar ke mukhy akarshanon men nilaknth mndir hai. ise chndel shasak paramadity dev ne banavaya tha. mndir men 18 bhuja vali vishalakay pratima ke alava rakha shivaling nile patthar ka hai. mndir ke raste par bhagavan shiv, kal bhairav, ganesh aur hanuman ki pratimaen pattharon par ukeri gayin hain. itihasavetta radhakrishn bundeli v bidi gupt batate hain ki yahan shiv ne samudr mnthan ke bad nikale vish ka pan kiya tha. shivaling ki khasiyat yah hai ki usase pani risata rahata hai. isake alava sita sej, patal gnga, pandav kund, budhda-budhdi tal, bhagavan sej, bhairav kund, mrigadhar, kotitirth v balakhndeshvar, chaube mahal, jujhautiya basti, shahi masjid, moorti sngrahalay, vaoochop makabara, ramakatora tal, bharachachar, majar tal, rathaur mahal, ranivas, tha. matola sinh sngrahalay, belatal, sagara bandh, sherashah soori ka maqabara v humayoon ki chhavani adi hain.

is durg ke nirmanakarta ke nam ka thik-thik sakshy kahin nahin milata, par janashruti ke anusar chndel vnsh ke snsthapak chndravarma dvara isaka nirman karaya gaya tha. chandel shasakon dvara 'kalinjaradhipati' (kalinjar ke adhipati) ki upadhi ka prayog unake dvara is durg ko diye ge mahattv ko darshata hai. katipay itihasakaron ke mutabik is durg ka nirman kedaravarman dvara eesa ki doosari se satavin shatabdi ke madhy karaya gaya tha. kuchh itihasakaron ka mat hai ki isake dvaron ka nirman mugal shasak aurngazeb ne karavaya tha. kalinjar durg men pravesh ke lie sat dvar the. inamen alamagir daravaja, ganesh dvar, chauburaji daravaja, buddhabhadr daravaja, hanuman dvar, lal daravaja aur bara daravaja the. ab halat yah hai ki samay ke sath sab kuchh badalata gaya. durg men pravesh ke lie tin dvar kamata dvar, rivan dvar v pannadvar hain. pannadvar is samay bnd hai.

sthapaty

kalinjar durg vindhyachal ki pahadi par 700 phit ki oonchaee par sthit hai. durg ki kul oonchaee 108 fit hai. isaki divaren chaudi aur oonchi hain. inaki tulana chin ki divar se ki jaye to koee atishyokti n hogi. kalinjar durg ko madhyakalin bharat ka sarvottam durg mana jata tha. is durg men sthapaty ki kee shailiyan dikhaee deti hain, jaise gupt shaili, pratihar shaili, pnchayatan nagar shaili adi. pratit hota hai ki isaki snrachana vastukar ne agnipuran, brihadasnhita tatha any vastu granthon ke anusar ki hai. qile ke bichon-bich ajay palaka namak ek jhil hai, jisake asapas kee prachin kal ke nirmit mndir hain. yahan aise tin mndir hain, jinhen ankaganitiy vidhi se banaya gaya hai. durg men pravesh ke lie sat daravaje hain aur ye sabhi daravaje apas men ek-doosare se bhinn shailiyon se alnkrit hain. yahan ke stnbhon evn divaron men kee pratilipiyan bani huee hain, jinamen manyata ke anusar yahan ke chhupe hue khajane ki jagah ka rahasy bhi chhupa hua hai.

shilalekh v prashastiyan

kalinjar qila, banda

kalinjar durg evn isake niche talahati men basa kasba, donon hi itihasakaron ki drishti se mahattvapoorn hain, kyonki yahan mandiron ke avashesh, moortiyan, shilalekh evn gufaen adi sabhi unake ruchi ke sadhan hain. kalinjar durg men koti tirth ke nikat lagabhag 20 hajar varsh purani shnkhalipi sthit hai, jisamen ramayan kal men vanavas ke samay ram ke kalinjar agaman ka bhi ullekh kiya gaya hai. isake anusar shriram, sita kund ke pas sita sej men thahare the. kalinjar shodh snsthan ke tatkalin nideshak aravind chhirauliya ke kathananusar is durg ka vivaran anek hindoo pauranik granthon jaise padmapuran v valmiki ramayan men bhi milata hai. isake alava buddha-buddhi sarovar v nilaknth mndir men nauvin shatabdi ki pandulipiyan snchit hain, jinamen chndel vnsh kalin samay ka varnan milata hai.

durg ke pratham dvar men 16vin shatabdi men aurngazeb dvara likhavaee gee prashasti ki lipi bhi hai. durg ke samipasth hi kaphir ghati hai. isamen sherashah soori ke bhatije islamashah ki 1545 ee. men lagavayi gee prashasti bhi yahan upasthit hai. islamashah ne apana dilli par rajatilak hone ke bad yahan ke koti tirth men bane mandiron ko tudavakar unake sundar nakkashidar stnbhon ka prayog yahan bani masjid men kiya tha. isi masjid ke bagal men ek chabootara banavaya tha, jis par baithakar usane ye shahi faraman sunaya tha ki ab se kalinjar koee tirth nahin rahega evn moorti-pooja ko hamesha ke liye nishedh kar diya tha. isaka nam bhi badal kar sherashah ki yad men 'sherakoh' (arthat sher ka parvat) kar diya tha. bi. di. gupta ke anusar kalinjar ke yashasvi raja v rani durgavati ke pita kirtivarman sahit unake 72 sahayogiyon ki hatya bhi usi ne karavayi thi. durg men aitihasik evn dharmik mahattv ke dheron shilalekh jagah-jagah milate hain, jinamen se anek lekh hajaron varsh poorv ati prachin kal ke bhi hain.

nilaknth mandir

qile ke pashchimi bhag men kalinjar ke adhishthata devata nilaknth mahadev ka ek prachin mndir bhi sthapit hai. is mndir ko jane ke lie do dvaron se hokar jate hain. raste men anek gufaen tatha chattanon ko kat kar banaee shilpakritiyan banayi gee hain. vastushilp ki drishti se yah mndap chndel shasakon ki anokhi kriti hai. mndir ke pravesh dvar par parimadr dev namak chndel shasak rachit shivastuti hai v andar ek svaynbhoo shivaling sthapit hai. mandir ke oopar hi jal ka ek prakritik srot hai, jo kabhi sookhata nahin hai. is srot se shivaling ka abhishek nirntar prakritik tarike se hota rahata hai. bundelakhand ka yah kshetr apane sookhe ke karan bhi jana jata hai, kintu kitana bhi sookha pade, yah srot kabhi nahin sookhata hai. chandel shasakon ke samay se hi yahan ki pooja-archana men lin chandel rajapoot jo yahan pandit ka kary bhi karate hain, ve batate hain ki shivaling par ukere gaye bhagavan shiv ki moorti ke knth ka kshetr sparsh karane par sada hi mulayam pratit hota hai. yah bhagavat puran ke sagar mnthan ke phalasvaroop nikale halahal vish ko pikar, apane knth men roke rakhane vali katha ke samarthan men sakshy hi hai. manyata hai ki yahan shivaling se pasina bhi nikalata rahata hai.

oopari bhag sthit jalasrot hetu chattanon ko katakar do kund banae ge hain, jinhen svargarohan kund kaha jata hai. isi ke niche ke bhag men chattanon ko tarashakar banayi gee kalabhairav ki ek pratima bhi hai. inake alava parisar men saikadon moortiyan chattanon par utkirn ki gee hain. shivaling ke samip hi bhagavati parvati evn bhairav ki moortiyan bhi sthapit hain. pravesh dvar ke donon hi or dheron devi-devataon ki moortiyan divaron par tarashi gayi hain. kee toote stnbhon ke paraspar ayatakar sthit stnbhon ke avashesh bhi yahan dekhane ko milate hain. itihasakaron ke anusar in par chhah mnjila mandir ka nirman kiya gaya tha. isake alava bhi yahan dheron pashan shilp ke namoone hain, jo kalakshay ke karan jirnavastha men hain.

nikatavarti darshaniy sthal

yahan aitihasik drishti se mahattvapoorn kee darshaniy sthal hain, jo pura-pashan kal se bundel shasakon ke samay tak ke hain. inamen rauligonda, meefa, bilhariyamath, rishiyan, sherapur shyodha, ranagadh, ajayagadh, adi hain. prakritik drishti se akarshak sthalon ki bhi kami nahin hai. inamen banagnga, vyasakund, bharat koop, patharakachhar, brihaspati kund, lakhanaseha, kishanaseha, sakaron evn magaramuha, adi ate hain. in sthanon men anek khanij evn vibhinn van sampadaen bhi milati hain.

vishv dharohar hetu prayas

is aitihasik sthal ki rajy sarakar dvara poori tarah se dekharekh ke abhav men sthal ka anurakshan kary bhali-bhanti nahin ho pa raha hai. 'bharatiy puratattvik sarvekshan vibhag' bhi bajat men rashi ki kami ke karan is sthal ko dey yogadan nahin de pa raha hai. 'akhil bharatiy bundelakhnd vikas mnch' ke prayason se ise yoonesko dvara vishv dharohar sthal ghoshit karane hetu athak prayas kiye ge hain, jinamen ab puratattv vibhag bhi jud gaya hai. vishvaday sthal karane hetu yahan lagabhag sabhi manadnd poore hote hain. ek bar yoonesko ki is soochi men kalinjar ke jud jane par yah sthal vishv ke paryatan manachitr men jud jaega. bharat bhraman ke utsuk deshi-videshi paryatak yahan ana chahenge, jisake lie sabhi prakar ke avagaman sadhanon ke dvara kalinjar ko yatayat se jod diya jayega. yahan paryatakon ki avak men vriddhi hone se kshetr men rojagar ke sadhan badhenge. yahan kam se kam do-tin lakh paryatak varshik ane ki snbhavana hai. is karan is kshetr ke vikas ko bhi teji milegi.

vyavasayik mahattv

kalinjar durg vyavasayik drishti se bhi mahatvapoorn hai. yahan pahadi khera aur brihaspatikund men uttam koti ki hira khadanen hain. durg ke samip kuthala javari ke jngal men lal rng ke chamakadar patthar se prachin kal men sona banaya jata tha. is kshetr men partadar chattanen v grenait patthar kaphi hai, jo bhavan nirman men kam ata hai. sakhoo, shisham, sagaun ke ped bahutayat men hai. inase kashth nirmit vastuen taiyar hoti hain.

vanaushadhiyon ka bhndar

durg men nana prakar ki aushadhiyan milati hain. yahan milane vale sitaphal ki pattiyan v bij aushadhi ke kam ate hain. gumay ke bij bhi upachar ke kam ate hain. harar ka upayog bukhar ke lie kiya jata hai. madanamast ki pattiyan evn jad ubalakar pi jati hai. kndhi ki pattiyan bhi ubal kar pi jati hai. gorakh imali ka prayog asthama ke lie kiya jata hai. marophali ka prayog udar rog ke lie kiya jata hai. kuriyabel ka istemal anv rog ke lie kiya jata hai. ghunchoo ki pattiyan pradar rog ke lie upayogi hai. isake alava phaldoo, koota, sindoori, naragundi, rooso, sahasamoosali, lal patharachata, gooma, latajira, dudhee v shikha adi aushadhiyan bhi yahan upalabdh hai.

kaise pahunchen

bas marg

banda relave steshan kalinjar ka nikatavarti bada relave steshan hai. kalinjar ki bhaugolik sthiti dakshin-pashchimi uttar pradesh men bundelakhand kshetr ke banda zile se dakshin poorv disha men zila mukhyalay, banda shahar se 55 ki.mi. ki doori par hai. banda shahar se bas dvara barasta giravan, narauni, kalinjar pahuncha ja sakata hai. kalinjar prasiddh vishv dharohar sthal evn paryatak sthali khajuraho se 105 ki.mi. doori par hai. yahan se chitrakoot 78 ki.mi., banda 62 evn ilahabad 205 ki.mi. par hai.

rel marg

relamarg ke dvara kalinjar pahunchane ke lie artara relave steshan hai, jo jhansi-banda-ilahabad rel lain par padata hai. yahan se kalinjar 36 ki.mi. ki doori par hai. yah steshan banda relave steshan se 57 ki.mi. ki doori par sthit hai.

vayu marg

vayumarg se ane ke liye kalinjar se 130 ki.mi. door khajuraho vimanakshetr par vayu seva upalabdh hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. satayug ka kirtinagar aj ka kalinjar (hindi) bundelkhand. abhigaman tithi: 10 agast, 2018.

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