चैतन्य आन्दोलन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

chaitany andolan ka namakaran madhy kal ke prasiddh snt chaitany (1485-1533 ee.) ke nam par hua tha. yah andolan hindoo dharm ka atynt bhavatmak svaroop tha, jo solahavin shatabdi se bngal aur poorvi udisa tak phala aur phoola.

prerana

bhagavan shrikrishn ke prati chaitany ke bhavapravan samarpan ne is andolan ko prerit kiya. chaitany ke lie krishn aur unaki premika radha ki kathaen eeshvar aur manav atma ke apasi prem ki sarvashreshth abhivyakti thin. is samay bhakti any sabhi dharmik acharon ke oopar pahunch gee aur ise daivi ichchha ke prati poorn atmasamarpan ke roop men grahan kiya gaya.

andolan ki shuruat

chaitany andolan ki shuruat snt chaitany ke janm sthan 'nabadvip' (bngal) se huee. arnbh se hi samoohik gayan ke roop men kirtan (ya snkirtan) aradhana ka pasndida aur vishisht svaroop tha, isamen saral bhajanon ke gayak aur eeshvar ke nam ka jap shamil hota hai, jisake sath dhol v mnjira bajaya jata hai. is git-sngit ki tan par kee ghnto tak jhoomane se samanyat: dharmik anndatirek ki sthiti utpann ho jati hai.

tin prabhu

chaitany n to dharmashastri the aur n hi lekhak. arnbh men unake anuyayiyon ka sngathan, unake nikat sahayogiyon 'nityannd' aur 'advait' ka kary tha. in tinon ko 'tin prabhu' kaha jata hai aur unaki pratimaen chaitany sampraday ke mndir men sthit hain.

chaitany ke shishy

chh: gosvamiyon (dharmik guru, shabdik arth guruon ke svami) ke nam se prasiddh chaitany ke chh: shishyon ke samooh ne andolan ke lie dharmashastr ki rachana ki. chaitany ke anurodh par yah vidvanh samooh mathura ke nikat vrindavan men bas gaya, jo radha-krishn ki kinvadntiyon ka sthal hai. chh: gosvamiyon ne snskrit men vishal dharmik aur bhakti sahity ki rachana ki, jisamen andolan ke siddhanton aur anushthanik acharon ko paribhashit kiya gaya. vrindavan aur mathura ke tirth sthalon ki punarsthapana sabhi vaishnavon (vishnu ke bhakt) ke lie mahattvapoorn upalabdhi thi. halanki aisa pratit hota hai ki unake jivan kal men bhi chaitany ki krishn ke avatar ke roop men pooja ki jati thi. lekin ek sharir men krishn aur radha, donon ke avatar ke siddhant ko bad ke dharmik bngali lekhakon ne pranalibaddh tariqe se vikasit kiya.[1]

is sampraday ke vartaman neta, jinhen 'gosvami' kaha jata hai, chaitany ke arnbhik shishyon aur sahayogiyon ke vnshaj (kuchh apavad samet) hain. yongiyon ko 'vairagi' kaha jata hai. is samooh men svargiy e. si. bhaktivedant bhi the, jo svami prabhupad ke roop men vikhyat the aur unaka vishvas tha ki chaitany ke prati nishtha se vishv ke sabhi logon ka kalyan hoga. vah 'intaraneshanal sosaiti faaur krishn kanshasanes (iskann)' ke snsthapak the, jise samanyat: 'hare krishn' kaha jata hai; jo vishv bhar men 'chaitany andolan' ke vishvason aur acharon ko sthapit karane ka prayas kar rahi hai.


inhen bhi dekhen: chaitany mahaprabhu evn bhakti andolan


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. bharat gyanakosh, bhag-2 |lekhak: indu ramachndani |prakashak: ensaiklopidiya britainika (indiya) praivet limited, nee dilli |snkalan: bharatakosh pustakalay |snpadan: kamalapati tripathi |prishth snkhya: 177 |

snbndhit lekh

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