मलिक अम्बर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

malik ambar
Malik-ambar.jpg
poora nam malik ambar
janm 1549
janm bhoomi ithiyopiya
mrityu tithi 13 mee 1626
prasiddhi madhyakalin bharat ke sabase bade rajanitigyon men usaki ganana ki jati thi.
any janakari marathon ki sahayata se malik ambar ne mugalon ko barar, ahamadanagar, aur balaghat men apani sthiti sudridh karana kathin kar diya tha.

malik ambar (janm: 1549 – mrity: 13 mee 1626) ek habshi gulam tha. vah taraqqi karake vazir ke pad tak pahuncha tha. usane pahali bar 1601 ee. men us samay nam kamaya, jab usane mugal sena ko hara diya tha. malik ambar ek 'abisiniyayi' tha aur usaka janm 'ithiyopiya' men hua tha. usake prarambhik jivan ki vishesh janakari upalabdh nahin hai. aisa anuman hai ki usake nirdhan mata-pita ne use bagadad ke gulam-bazar men bech diya tha. bad men use kisi vyapari ne kharid liya aur use dakkan (dakshin bharat) le aya, jahan ki samriddhi us kal men bahut logon ko akarshit karati thi. 1626 ee. men malik ambar ki mrityu huee.

vyaktitv

malik ambar ahamadanagar men bas gaya tha. chand sultan ki mrityu ke bad vah apani yogyataon ke bal par taraqqi karake ahamadanagar ke vazir ke pad par pahunch gaya. vahan ka rajy prabandh anek varshon tak usake hath men raha. vah jitana yogy sipahasalar tha, utana hi yogy rajaneta bhi tha. usamen netritv ke sahaj gun the aur madhyakalin bharat ke sabase bade rajanitigyon men usaki ganana ki jati thi.

shasan vyavastha

ambar ne ahamadanagar rajy ki uttam shasan vyavastha ki thi. isake alava usane rajy men malaguzari ki vyavastha bhi bade sundar dhng se ki. sari krishi yogy bhoomi ko urvarata ke adhar par char shreniyon men vibhajit kar diya aur lagan sthayi roop se nishchit kar diya gaya, jo naqad liya jata tha. lagan ki vasooli rajy ke adhikari ganv ke patel se karate the.

malik ambar ki niti

malik ambar ne murtaza nizamashahi ke prabhavashali saradar chngez khan ke yahan kafi taraqqi ki thi. jab mugalon ne ahamadanagar par akraman kiya, to malik ambar apana bhagy ajamane ke lie bijapur chala gaya. lekin jaldi hi vah vapas a gaya aur chandabibi ke virodhi habshi, abisiniyayi dal men sammilit ho gaya. ahamadanagar ke patan ke bad ambar ne ek nizamashahi vnsh ke shahazade ko dhoondh nikala aur bijapur ke shasak ki madad se use murataja nizamashah dvitiy ke nam se gaddi par baitha diya. vah svayn usaka peruba (snrakshak) ban gaya. peshava ka pad ahamadanagar ki riyasat men pahale se prachalit tha. ahamadanagar ke patan aur mugalon dvara bahadur nizam shah ki giraphtari ke bad is bat ki poori sambhavana thi ki ahamadanagar riyasat ke tukade ho jate aur padosi riyasaten un par adhikar kar letin, kintu malik ambar ke roop men ek yogy vyakti ke uday ki vajah se aisa nahin ho saka. malik ambar ne kafi badi maratha sena (baragi) ikatthi kar li. marathe tez gati vale the aur dushman ki rasad katane men kafi hoshiyar the. malik ambar ne marathon ko gurilla yuddh men bhi nipunata pradan kar di thi. yah gurilla yuddh pranali dakkan ke marathon ke lie paramparagat thi aur ve isamen aur bhi nipun ho ge, lekin mugal isase aparichit the. marathon ki sahayata se malik ambar ne mugalon ko barar, ahamadanagar, aur balaghat men apani sthiti sudridh karana kathin kar diya.

mugalon se yuddh

mugal sena daulatabad par adhikar karana chahati thi, jo ki ahamadanagar saltanat ki rajadhani thi. 1601 ee. men rajadhani yahin sthanantarit kar di gee thi. usi ke udyog se ahamadanagar par qabza karane ke jahangir ke sare prayatn viphal ho ge. usane ahamadanagar ko badashah jahangir ke pnje se bachane ki ji tod koshish ki, lekin 1616 ee. men jab bahut badi mugal sena ne ahamadanagar par chadhaee ki to malik ambar ko atm samarpan karana pada. us samay shahazada khurram (shahajahan) mugal sena ka netritv kar raha tha.

mrityu

malik ambar ne bade samman ke sath jivan bitaya aur 1626 ee. men bahut vriddh ho jane par usaki mrityu huee. usaki mrityu ke bad hi ahamadanagar saltanat ko mugal samrajy men sammilit kiya ja saka.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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