भड्डरी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bhaddari ka hindi ke lok kaviyon men mahattvapoorn sthan hai. ghagh ki tarah bhaddari ka jivan vritt bhi nirvivad nahin hai. bhaddari kaun the, kis prant ke the aur kis bhasha men unhonne kahavaton ka srijan kiya, yah aj bhi vidvanon men charcha ka vishay hai.

jivan parichay

bhaddari ke janm ke sambandh men gramin anchalon men anek kinvadantiyan prapt hoti hain. kuchh vidvanon ka manana hai ki kashi men ek jyotishi rahate the. ek bar unhonne jyotish ganana se yah dekha ki aisa shubh muhoort ane vala hai jisamen garbhadhan hone par bada hi vidvanh aur yashasvi putr paida hoga. aisa vichar kar jyotishi ne kashi se apane paitrik nivas ke lie prasthan kiya. kashi se bhaddari ka ghar kafi door tha jisaki vajah se ve nishchit avadhi tak apane ghar nahin pahunch paye aur unhen raste men ahir ke ghar rat bitani padi. ahir ki yuvati kanya unake lie bhojan banane baithi to unaka udas chehara dekhakar poochha ki ap itane udas kyon hain? jyotishi ji ne kuchh idhar-udhar talane ke bad sachchaee se use avagat karaya. us yuvati ke man men is putr ko pane ki ichchha jagrit huee. un donon ki ichchha ka parinam bhaddari ke janm ke roop men hua. vien mehata ne apani pustak ‘yukt prant ki krishi sambandhit kahavaten’ men is katha ko thode parivartit roop men prastut kiya hai. unake anusar –“bhaddari ke vishay men jyotishachary varahamihir ki ek badi hi manohar kahani kahi jati hain.” ek samay, jab ki ve tirth-yatra men the, unako maloom hua ki amuk din ka utpann hua bachcha ganit aur phalit jyotish ka bahut bada pandit hoga. unhon svayn hi aise putr ke pita hone ki utsukata huee aur unhonne apane ghar ujjain ke lie prasthan kiya parantu ujjain itana door tha ki ve us shubh-din tak vahan n pahunch sake. atev raste ke ek ganv men ek gadariye ki kanya se vivah kar liya. us stri se unako ek putr hua jo brahmanon ki bhanti shiksha n pane par bhi svabhavatah bahut bada jyotishi hua. aj sabhi nakshatr-snbndhi kahavaton ke vakta bhaddari ya bhaddali kahe jate hain.” bhaddari ko varahamihir ka putr manana tarkasngat nahin hai kyonki varahamihir ka samay ‘pnchasiddhantika’ ke anusar shak 427 ya sanh 505 ee. ke lagabhag hai. bhaddari ki kahavaton ki bhasha us yug ki nahin ho sakati, yah nishchit hai.[1]

bhaddari aur bhaddali

bhaddari ka janm kulin jati men nahin hua tha. bhaddari nam se bhi unake kulin jati ka n hone ka snket milata hai. katipay vidvanon ne bhaddari ka sambandh rajasthan se joda hai kyonki rajasthani kahavaton men “dng kahai he bhaddali” ullekh bar-bar ata hai. ek katha ke anusar maravad men bhaddali namak ek stri thi jo jyotishi thi. usaki jati ahir ya gadariya nahin, bhngin bataee gee hai. yah bhi kaha jata hai ki maravad men ‘dnk’ nam ke brahman kavi the jinhonne is bhngin kanya bhaddali se vivah kar liya tha. in donon ki sntan ‘dakot’ kahalaee. in janashrutiyon ke atirikt bhaddari ke sambandh men koee thos adhar nahin prapt hota hai, lekin itana anuman lagaya ja sakata hai ki bhaddari aur bhaddali do alag-alag vyakti evn nam hain kyonki donon ki kahavaton ki bhasha men paryapt antar dekhane ko milata hai. isi prakar ‘dnk’ aur ‘dak’ ke ek hone par bhi vichar kiya jaye to donon men kafi samanata drishtigat hoti hai. durga shnkar prasad sinh ka anuman hai ki bihar ke ‘dak’ kavi hi rajasthani ‘dng’ hai.[1]

ghagh aur bhaddari

bhaddari se snbndhit ek mahatvapoorn prashn yah hai ki ye kashi ke the ya maravad ke? bhaddari ki kahavaton men bhojapuri aur avadhi ke shabdon ki prachurata bhi hai. yadi is drishti se dekha jay to bhaddari ka kashi ke asapas ka hona samichin pratit hota hai. maravad ke bhaddali nishchit hi isase bhinn pratit hote hain. vahan bhaddali aur bhaddali namak do alag-alag kavi hue hain, jisamen bhaddali purush hain aur bhaddali stri. is prakar avadhi kshetr ke bhaddari se unhen kisi prakar bhi snbandhit nahin mana ja sakata. yah bhi sambhavana hai ki bhaddari ki prasiddhi ke karan unaki avadhi aur bhojapuri kahavaten rajasthani bhasha men gadh li gee hon. maravad men bhaddali pustak ‘bhaddali puran’ bhi prasiddh hai. pn. ramanaresh tripathi ne apani pustak ‘ghagh aur bhaddari’ men isaka ullekh kiya hai. “ghagh, bhaddari aur dak ko alag-alag manane valon men prasiddh vidvanh daau. jaaurj griyarsan bhi pramukh hain. unhonne in tinon kaviyon ko apani pustak ‘bihar pijent laiph’ men alag-alag sthan diya hai.” ghagh aur bhaddari ki kahavaten lok jivan men prasiddh hai. gramy anchal men rojamarra ki kheti evn samajik samasyaon ka nidan vyakti inhin kahavaton ke adhar par kar leta hai. inaki kahavaten kisanon ke lie gurumntr hain. avadhi aur bhojapuri kshetron men inaka prachar-prasar kuchh adhik hi dikhaee padata hai. inaki kahavaton se is bat ka bhi anuman lagaya ja sakata hai ki ghagh aur bhaddari donon samakalin rahe honge kyonki ‘ghagh kahai sunu bhaddari’ ka prayog anek vishayak hai, vahin bhaddari ki kahavaton ka kshetr varsha, niti aur jyotish vishayak. ghagh aur bhaddari ki kahavaten aj bhi prasngik hain. unamen gyan vigyan sambandhi prachur samagri hai. aj shasy vigyan, padap prajanan, paryavaran vigyan, jyotish vigyan adi ki drishti se in kahavaton ke adhyayan ki avashyakata hai.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 ghagh aur bhaddari (hindi) indiya vatar portal (hindi). abhigaman tithi: 18 apral, 2015.

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