तराइन का युद्ध  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

tarain ka yuddh 'bharatiy itihas' men mahattvapoorn hai. 'tarain' ya 'taravadi', jo ki thaneshvar ke nikat sthit hai, yahan itihas prasiddh kee yuddh lade gaye. inhin yuddhon men se do yuddh ajamer ke raja prithviraj chauhan aur muslim akramanakari shahabuddin muhammad gori ke madhy lade gaye. pahale yuddh men prithviraj tatha doosare men muhammad gori ki vijay huee. gori ki is vijay se bharat men bahari akrntaon ke panv kafi had tak jam gaye jo lambe samay yahan shasan karate rahe.

yuddh

tarain ke maidan men prithviraj chauhan aur muhammad gori ke madhy do yuddh lade gaye-

  1. tarain ka pratham yuddh - 1191 ee.
  2. tarain ka dvitiy yuddh - 1192 ee.

pratham yuddh

yah pratham yuddh 1191 ee. men 'tarain' ke maidan men lada gaya tha. is yuddh men muhammad gori ki karari har huee aur usaki sena bhag khadi huee. gori svayn buri tarah ghayal ho gaya aur use apani jan bachakar bharat bhoomi se bhagana pada. yah yuddh 'tabarahind', vartaman bhatinda (pnjab) par donon ke davon ko lekar arambh hua. tarain ke maidan men varsh 1191 ee. men jo yuddh hua, usamen muhammad gori ki sena ke panv ukhad ge aur svayn gori ki jan ek yuva khilazi ghudasavar ne bachaee. prithviraj chauhan ab bhatinda ki or muda aur terah mahinon ke ghere ke bad use apane qabze men kar liya. lekin isake bavajood usane pnjab se goriyon ko khadedane ka koee prayas nahin kiya. shayad use aisa laga ho ki turkon ke bar-bar ho rahe akramanon men se yah bhi ek ho aur gori shasak bas pnjab par shasan kar sntusht rahen. bataya jata hai ki tarain ki doosari ladaee ke poorv prithviraj chauhan, muhammad gori ko die ek prastav men pnjab ko usake hathon chhodane ke lie taiyar tha.

dvitiy yuddh

tarain ka yah prasiddh dvitiy yuddh varsh 1192 ee. men prithviraj chauhan aur shahabuddin muhammad gori ke madhy lada gaya. is yuddh men muslimon ki vijay aur rajapooton ki parajay huee. kyonki is yuddh se poorv bhi prithviraj ke kee hindoo rajaon se yuddh ho chuke the aur in rajaon se usake apasi sambandh sauhardapoorn nahin the, jis karan adhikansh rajapoot rajaon ne 'tarain ke dvitiy yuddh' men prithviraj ka sath nahin hua. kaha jata hai ki prithviraj chauhan ki sena men tin sau hathi tatha 3,00,000 sainik the, jinamen badi snkhya men ghudasavar bhi the. donon taraf ki senaon ki shakti ke varnan men atishayokti bhi ho sakati hai. snkhya ke hisab se bharatiy sena badi ho sakati hai, kintu turk sena badi achchhi tarah sngathit thi. vastav men yah donon or ke ghudasavaron ka yuddh tha. shahabuddin muhammad gori ki jit shreshth sngathan tatha turki ghudasavaron ki tezi aur dakshata ke karan hi huee. bharatiy sainik badi snkhya men mare ge. turki sena ne hansi, sarasvati tatha samana ke qilon par qabza kar liya. isake bad unhonne ajamer par chadhaee ki aur use jita.

is vijay ke pashchath muslimon ke qadam uttar bharat men jam gaye. 1216 ee. (15 faravari) ko ek bar phir tarain ke maidan men hi iltutamish tatha usake pratidvandvi saradar ildoj men ek nirnayak yuddh hua, jisamen iltutamish ki vijay huee aur usaka dilli ki gaddi par adhikar mazaboot ho gaya. 'taravadi' ya 'tarain' ko 'azamabad' bhi kaha jata hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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