प्लासी युद्ध  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

plasi ka yuddh 23 joon, 1757 ee. ko lada gaya tha. angrez aur bngal ke navab sirajuddaula ki senayen 23 joon, 1757 ko murshidabad ke dakshin men 22 mil door 'nadiya zile' men bhagirathi nadi ke kinare 'plasi' namak ganv men amane-samane a geen. sirajuddaula ki sena men jahan ek or 'miramadan', 'mohanalal' jaise deshabhakt the, vahin doosari or mirajafar jaise kutsit vicharon vale dhokhebaz bhi the. yuddh 23 joon ko pratah 9 baje prarambh hua. mirajafar evn rayadurlabh apani senaon ke sath nishkriy rahe. is yuddh men miramadan mara gaya. yuddh ka parinam shayad niyati ne pahale se hi tay kar rakha tha. raaubart klaiv bina yuddh kiye hi vijayi raha. phalasvaroop mirajafar ko bngal ka navab banaya gaya. ke.em.panikkar ke anusar, 'yah ek sauda tha, jisamen bngal ke dhani sethon tatha mirajafar ne navab ko angrezon ke hathon bech dala'.

bngal par angrezon ka adhikar

yadyapi plasi ka yuddh ek chhoti-si sainik jhadap thi, lekin isase bharatiyon ki charitrik durbalata ubharakar samane a gee. bharat ke itihas men is yuddh ka mahatv isake pashchath hone vali ghatanaon ke karan hai. niahsandeh bharat men plasi ke yuddh ke bad dasata ke us kal ki shuruat huee, jisamen isaka arthik evn naitik shoshan adhik hua. rajanitik roop se bhi eest indiya knpani ki sthiti mazaboot huee. bngal angrezon ke adhin ho gaya aur phir kabhi svatntr n ho saka. naya navab mirajafar apani raksha tatha pad ke lie angrezon par nirbhar tha. usaki asamarthata yahan tak thi, ki use divan rayadurlabh tatha ram narayan ko unake vishvasaghat ke lie dand dene se bhi angrezon ne mana kar diya. plasi ke yuddh ke bad bngal men 'lyook skraftran' ko navab ke darabar men angrez rejident niyukt kiya gaya.

klaib ki dhan pipasa

mirajafar robart klaiv ki kathaputali ke roop men jab tak angrezon ki mahatvakanksha ko poora kar sakane men samarth tha, tab tak pad par bana raha. usaki dayaniy sthiti par murshidabad ke ek darabari ne ise karnal klaiv ka gidad ki upadhi di thi. svayn ko bngal ka navab banaye jane ke upalakshy men usane angrezon ko unaki sevaon ke lie 24 paraganon ki zamindari se puraskrit kiya aur klaiv ko 234,000 paund ki niji bhent di. sath hi 150 lakh rupaye, sena tatha navikon ko puraskar svaroop diye gaye. bngal ki samast fransisi bastiyan angrezon ko de di gayin aur yah nishchit hua, ki bhavishy men angrez padadhikariyon tatha vyapariyon ko niji vyapar par koee chungi nahin deni hogi. itana sab kuchh lutane ke bavajood bhi mirajafar klaiv ki badhati dhanalipsa ki pipasa ko shant nahin kar saka, jisake parinamasvaroop 1760 ee. men use padachyut kar usake jamata 'mir kasim' ko bngal ka navab banaya gaya.

angrezon v mir kasim ke madhy sandhi

bharatiy itihas men is varsh ko 'shantipoorn kranti ka varsh' kaha jata hai. 27 sitambar, 1760 ko angrezon evn mir kasim ke madhy ek sndhi huee, jisake adhar par mir kasim ne kampani ko bardavan, midanapur tatha chataganv ke zile dene ki bat man li aur isake sath hi dakshin ke sainy abhiyan men kampani ko 5 lakh rupaye dene ki ki bat kahi. sandhi ki any sharte nimnalikhit thin-

  1. mir kasim ne silhat ke choone ke vyapar men kampani ke adhe bhag ko svikar kiya.
  2. mir kasim ne kampani ke mitr athava shatru ko apana mitr athava shatru manana svikar kiya.
  3. donon pakshon ne ek doosare ke asamiyon ko apane-apane pradeshon men basane ki chhoot di.
  4. kampani navab ke antarik mamalon men hastakshep nahin karegi.

mir kasim ke prayatn

alivardi khan ke bad bngal ke navab ke pad par kary karane valon men mir kasim sarvadhik yogy tha. usane apani rajadhani murshidabad se munger sthanantarit ki, kyonki vah murshidabad ke shadayntramay vatavaran se svayn ko door rakhana chahata tha. usane apani sena ko yooropiy dhng se gathit karane ke lie munger men todedar bndooqon evn topon ke karakhanon ki sthapana ki tatha sainikon ki snkhya men vriddhi ki. isane apani sena ko gurgin khan namak armeniyaee ke niyntran men rakha. mir kasim ne apane khilaf shadayntr kar rahe bihar ke up-soobedar ram narayan, jise angrezon ka samarthan prapt tha, ko seva se hatakar marava diya. usane ek aur kar 'khijari jama', jo abhi tak adhikariyon dvara chhupaya jata raha tha, bhi prapt kiya. mir kasim ko rajy ki arthik sthiti sudharane ke lie prayatnashil dekhakar angrez adhikari baukhalaye, kyonki unhen yah bardasht nahin tha, ki bngal men aisa koee vyakti shasan kare, jo unake arthik hiton ko hani pahunchata ho.

baksar ka yuddh

mir kasim ne dekha ki angrez 'gumashte dashtak' (bina chungi ke vyapar ka adhikar patr) ka durupayog kar rahe hain, aur chungi dene ki vyavastha ka ullnghan kar rahe hain. angrezon ne dastak ka dhan lekar bharatiy vyapariyon ko bhejana prarambh kar diya tha, jisaka parinam yah hua, ki jo dhan chungi ke roop men navab ko milata tha, vah bhi samapt hone laga. antatah mir kasim ne vyapar par se sabhi antarik kar hata lie, jisase bharatiy vyapariyon ki sthiti angrez vyapariyon ki tarah hi ho gee. mir kasim ke is nirnay se angrez adhikari stabdh rah gaye. sambhavatah usaka yahi nirnay kalantar men baksar ke yuddh ka karan bana. baksar ke yuddh se pahale mir kasim angrezon se nimnalikhit yuddhon men parajit hua-

  1. giriya ka yuddh - 4 sitambar athava 5 sitambar, 1762 ee.
  2. karava ka yuddh - 9 julaee, 1763 ee.
  3. udyaunala ka yuddh - 1763 ee.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

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