अमीचन्द  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

amichnd (mrityu 1767 ee.), snbhavat: vastavik nam amirachnd ka bngali uchcharan hai. amichand ek dhani kintu dhoort seth tha, jo 18vin shatabdi ke madhy men kalakatta men rahata tha.

parichay

amichnd (amirachnd) vastut: amritasar ka rahanevala sikkh vyavasayi tha aur dirgh kal se kalakatta men bas gaya tha. samayik angrejon ne tatha unhin ke adhar par itihasakar mekale ne use bngali bataya hai. kintu angrejon ke prabhutv ka prasar sarvapratham dakshin men hua, kintu angreji samrajy ke snsthapan ki ninv bngal men hi padi.

angrejon ki sahayata

bngal men vyavasayalabh ki bhavana se prerit hokar angrejon ke sarvapratham snpark men anevale bharatiy vyavasayi hi the. alivardi khan ke kathor niyntran men to angrej apane prabhutv ka vistar karane men asamarth rahe, kintu alpavayask, aparipakvabuddhi tatha uddhataprakriti sirajuddaula ke rajyarohan se yah snbhav ho saka. kootanitigyta ke drishtikon se vaidh ya avaidh upayon se, angrejon ke samoohik tatha vyaktigat labh ki abhivriddhi ke lie, sirajuddaula ke rajyarohan ke bad usake prabhutv ka daman kar avyavasthit shasan ko aur bhi avyavasthit banana tatkalin angrejon ki drishti se vanchhaniy tha. is ghatanakram men sirajuddaula ne angrejon ke mukhy vyavasayik kendr kalakatta par akraman karane ka nishchay kiya. is akraman ke poorv angrejon ne keval sndeh ke adhar par amichnd ko bndi banane ke lie sipahi bheje. sipahiyon ne amichnd ke ant:pur par akraman kar diya. apamanit hone se bachane ke lie ant:pur men usane apani 13 patniyon ki hatya kar di. aise marmatak apaman ke hone par bhi nitant svarth labh se prerit hokar amichnd ne angrejon ki yathesht sahayata ki. kalakatta patan ke bad usane anek angrej sharanarthiyon ko ashray diya tatha any prakaron se bhi sahayata pradan ki. kintu, itihas men usaka nam aparichit hi rahata yadi plasi yuddh ke poorv klaiv ke anaitik acharan se inglaind ki parliyament men tatha angrej itihasakaron dvara klaiv ke kary ki katu alochana n huee hoti. amichnd ne angrejon ke vyavasayik snpark men akar yathesht dhan arjit kar liya tha. klaiv ne amichnd ko vatsan ka doot banakar navab ki rajadhani murshidabad bheja. is sthiti men usane angrejon ka sath diya. snbhavat:, chndranagar par angrejon ke akraman ke lie navab se anumati dilavane men amichnd ka hi hath tha. usi ne navab ke pramukh adhikari maharaj nndakumar ko sirajuddaula se vimukh kar angrejon ka taraphadar banaya.

sirajuddaula ke viruddh shadyntr tatha angrejon se dhan ki mang

amichnd ne navab sirajuddaula ko apadasth kar mir zafar ko bngal ka navab banane ke lie kalakatta men angrezon aur murshidabad men navab ke virodhiyon ke bich gupt vartaen chalaeen. jab yah gupt vartaen kafi age badh chukin aur navab sirajuddaula ke viruddh shadayntr men angrezon ki poorn bhagidari spasht ho chuki, tab amichand ne murshidabad men navab ke khajane ki loot se prapt hone vale dhan se lambe kamishan ki mang ki tatha yah dhamaki di ki yadi use vanchhit dhanarashi nahin di gee to vah navab ko sare shadayntr ki soochana de dega.

mrityu

bngal ke navab sirajuddaula ke viruddh jagataseth mirajafar ke sath angrejon ne jis gupt shadyntr ka ayojan kiya tha usamen bhi amichnd ka bahut bada hath tha. bad men, jab klaiv ke sath mirajaphar ki sndhi varta chal rahi thi, amichnd ne angrejon ko dhamaki di ki yadi sirajuddaula ki padachyuti ke bad prapt khajane ka panch pratishat use n diya jaega to vah sab bhed navab par prakat kar dega. amichnd ko viphalaprayatn karane ke lie do sndhipatr taiyar kie ge. ek nakali, jisamen amichnd ko panch pratishat bhag dena svikar kiya gaya tha, tatha doosara asali, jisamen yah ansh chhod diya gaya tha. aidamiral vatsan ne nakali sndhipatr par hastakshar karane se inakar kar diya, tab klaiv ne usapar vatsan ke hastakshar nakal kar, vah nakali sndhipatr amichnd ko dikha, use ashvast kar diya. samayik itihasakar ormi ka kathan hai ki sirajuddaula ki padachyuti ke bad jab vastavik sthiti amichnd ko bataee gee to is aghat se usaka mastishk vikrit ho gaya tatha kuchh samay uparant usaki mrityu ho gee. kintu, itihasakar bevarij ke matanusar vah das varsh aur jivit raha. angrejon se usake snpark bane rahe jisaka praman yah hai ki usane phaundling aspatal ko do hajar paund dan die jisaki bhitti par 'kalakatte ke kale vyavasayi' ki sahayata svikrit hai. usane lndan ke megdalen aspatal ko bhi dan diya tha.[1]




panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

(pustak 'bharatiy itihas kosh') prishth snkhya-14

  1. hindi vishvakosh, khand 1 |prakashak: nagari pracharini sabha, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 205 |

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