bharatakosh ke snsthapak/snpadak ke fesabuk laiv ke lie yahan klik karen.

लॉर्ड मैकाले  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

laaurd maikale

laaurd maikale, jisaka poora nam 'thaaumas baibingatan maikale' tha, prasiddh angrezi kavi, nibandhakar, itihasakar tatha rajanitigy tha. maikale ka janm 25 aktoobar, 1800 ee. men hua tha aur mrityu 28 disambar, 1859 ee. men huee thi. ek nibandhakar aur samikshak ke roop me usane british itihas par jamakar likha tha. sanh 1834 ee. se 1838 ee. tak vah bharat ki suprim kaunsil men laau menbar tatha laau kamishan ka pradhan raha. bharatiy dnd vidhan se sambandhit prasiddh grnth 'di indiyan pinal kod' ki lagabhag sabhi pandulipi isi ne taiyar ki thi. angrezi bhasha ko bharat ki sarakari bhasha tatha shiksha ka madhyam aur yooropiy sahity, darshan tatha vigyan ko bharatiy shiksha ka lakshy banane men isaka bada hath tha.

bharat agaman

1823 ee. men maikale bairistar bana, parantu usane bairistari karane ki apeksha sarvajanik jivan pasand kiya. vah 1830 ee. men british parliyament ka sadasy chuna gaya, aur 1834 ee. men gavarnar-janaral ki ekjikyootiv kaunsil ka pahala qanoon sadasy niyukt hokar bharat aya. bharat ka prashasan us samay tak jatiy dvesh tatha bhedabhav par adharit tatha damanakari tha. usane thos udar siddhanton par prashasan chalane ki koshish ki. usane bharat men samachar patron ki svadhinata ka andolan kiya, qanoon ke samaksh yooropiyon aur bharatiyon ki samanata ka samarthan kiya. angrezi ke madhyam se pashchimi dhng ki udar shiksha-paddhati arambh ki aur dnd vidhan ka masavida taiyar kiya, jo ki bad men 'bharatiy dnd snhita' ka adhar bana.

mrityu

maikale ajivan sahity seva karata raha aur 1857 ee. men use ‘piar’ ki padavi pradan ki gee. do sal bad 1859 ee. men usaki mrityu ho gee.

rachanaen

laaurd maikale ne angrezi bhasha men anek pustaken likhi hain, jinamen ‘arbhada’ (1833 ee.), ‘prachin rom ke gitikavy’ (1842 ee.), ‘nibandh’ (1825-1843 ee.), tatha char khandon men ‘inglaind ka itihas’ (1848-1858 ee.) sabase mahattvapoorn hain. antim pustak bahut adhik biki aur usase 20 hazar paund ki ay huee. isaka yoorop ki vividh bhashaon men anuvad hua hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bhattachary, sachchidanand bharatiy itihas kosh, dvitiy snskaran-1989 (hindi), bharat diskavari pustakalay: uttar pradesh hindi snsthan, 383.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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