जनरल अलार  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

janaral alar ek fransisi senanayak tha, jo nepoliyan ke netritv men lad chuka tha. bad men use pnjab ke maharaja ranajit sinh (1798-1839 ee.) ne apani sikkh sena ko sngathit tatha prashikshit karane ke lie rakh liya.[1]

  • alar 1803 ee. men fransisi sena ke ghudasavar daste men bharti hua tha. itali, spen aur purtagal ke yuddhon men usane sakriy bhag liya.
  • 1822 ee. men alar lahaur a gaya aur maharaja ranajit sinh ke darabar men naukari karane laga.
  • maharaja ne alar ko apani ghudasavar sena ko yooropiy paddhati ke anusar prashikshan dene ka kam saunp diya tha. isake atirikt alar ne sikkh sena men 'karabain'[2] ke upayog ko shuroo kiya.
  • alar ke prayason se ab sikkh daste bahut shaktishali mane jane lage. isake phalasvaroop maharaja alar ko apana rajanitik evn sainik salahakar manane lage.
  • chamba ki ek bharatiy stri 'bannoo pan daee' se alar ne vivah kar liya tha.
  • janaral alar aur bannoo ki ek putri huee, jisaka nam 'mari sharlot' rakha gaya tha, lekin kuchh mahinon bad hi usaki mrityu ho gee. us samay alar ke ghar ke sath jo bag tha, vahin par usane apani putri ki yad men ek maqabara banavaya. kyoonki pnjabi men ladaki ko 'kudi' kahate hain, isalie us jagah ko 'kudi bag' kaha jane laga.
  • kaha jata hai ki janaral alar ki peshavar men maut ke bad jab usaki deh ko poore samman ke sath lahaur laya gaya to raste men har bade shahar men shavayatra ke dauran goliyan dagakar use salami di gayi. lahaur men shadara se anarakali tak ke tin mil ke raste men sena ke javan tainat the, jinhonne bndooken chalakar shavayatra ko samman diya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. bharatiy itihas kosh |lekhak: sachchidanand bhattachary |prakashak: uttar pradesh hindi snsthan |prishth snkhya: 21 |
  2. ek chhotti raiphal

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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