भारतीय परिषद अधिनियम- 1892  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bharatiy parishad adhiniyam (1892) ko bharatiyon ne kuchh samay tak 'laaurd kraun adhiniyam' nam diya tha. 1861 ka bharatiy parishad adhiniyam jahan ek or uttaradayi sarakar sthapit karane men asamarth raha, vahin doosari or laaurd litan ki barbar nitiyon se janata men asantosh vyapt ho gaya. aisi sthiti men 1892 ka adhiniyam parit kiya gaya.

parit hone ka karan

1861 ee. ka 'bharatiy parishad adhiniyam' bharatiy rajy pranali men sudhar karane ke lie pas kiya gaya tha, parantu vah apane uddeshy men saphalata prapt nahi kar saka. atah bharatiy 1861 ee. ke adhiniyam se asantusht the. 1861 ee. ke bad bharatiyon men rajanitik chetana tatha rashtriyata ka vikas hua. phalasvaroop, 1885 ee. men bharatiy rashtriy kangres' ki sthapana huee. isane snvaidhanik sudharon ki mang ki, jisake phalasvaroop british snsad ne 1892 ee. ka bharatiy parishad adhiniyam pas kiya, parantu bharatiyon ne kuchh samay tak ise 'laaurd kraun ke adhiniyam' nam diye rakha. yadyapi yah adhiniyam bahut vyapak tatha prabhavashali nahin tha, tathapi kraun ke adhin bharatiy shasan vyavastha ke vikas ke marg men ek nirnayak pag avashy tha.

ji. en. sinh ne likha hai ki 1892 ka adhiniyam 'bharatiy rashtriy kangres' dvara kary ka pratham parinam tha. yah kathan poorn roop se sahi pratit nahin hota, kyonki kangres ke atirikt kuchh any karanon ne bhi is adhiniyam ke pas hone men mahattvapoorn bhoomika nibhayi. daau. e. ke. majoomadar ka manana tha ki 1892 ke adhiniyam ke pas hone ke sambandh men laaurd dafarin ki bhoomika itani sarahaniy thi ki vah isake lie laaurd ripan jaisa sthan prapt karane ka adhikari hai.

kangres ne shuroo se hi 1861 ke sudharon ko aparyapt aur nirashajanak bataya tha aur vidhan parishadon ke vistar ki mang ki thi. vidhan parishadon ke adhikansh sadasy sarakari hote the. atah kangres ne mang ki ki inamen adhikansh sadasy janata dvara nirvachit hone chahie. kangres ne yah bhi mang ki ki vidhan parishad ke sadasyon ko prashasan men samast vibhagon ke vishay men prashn poochhane tatha bajat par bahas karane ka adhikar diya jaye. isake atirikt kangres ne agara, avadh aur pnjab men vidhan parishadon ki sthapana ke lie mang ki. kangres ne apane pratham adhiveshan men apani in mango ke sambandh men ek prastav pas kiya. vah prastav is prakar tha- "yah kangres sarvochch parishad tatha is samay vidyaman sthaniy vidhan parishadon ka kafi bade anupatt men chune hue sadasyon ki vyavastha dvara aur uttar-pashchimi pranton, avadh aur pnjab ke lie bhi isi prakar ki parishadon ki rachana drara, sudhar aur vistar atyavashyak samajhati hai. isaka mat hai ki sab bajaton ko in parishadon men vichar ke lie bheja jana chahiye. isake alava in parishadon ke sadasyon ko prashasan ki sab shakhaon ke baree men karyapalika se prashn poochhane ka adhikar diya jana chahiye."

pramukh pravadhan

1892 ke bharatiy parishad adhiniyam ke pramukh pravadhan is prakar the-

  1. atirikt sadasyon ki snkhya kendriy parishad men badhakar kam se kam 10 v adhikatam 16 kar di gayi. bambee tatha madras ki kaunsil men bhi 20 atirikt sadasy, uttar-pashchim sima prant v bngal ki kaunsil men bhi 20 atirikt sadasy niyukt kiye gaye.
  2. parishad ke sadasyon ko kuchh adhik adhikar mile. varshik bajat par vad-vivad v isase sambandhit prashn poochhe ja sakate the, parantu mat vibhajan ka adhikar nahin diya gaya tha. atirikt sadasyon ko bajat se sambandhit vishesh adhikar tha, kintu ve poorak prashn nahin poochh sakate the.
  3. atirikt sadasyon men se 2/5 sadasy gair sarakari hone chahie. ye sadasy bharatiy samaj ke vibhinn vargon, jatiyon, v vishisht hiton ke adhar par niyukt kiye gaye. yah parampara kalantar men bharatiy rashtriy ekata ke vikas men badhak bani.

is adhiniyam dvara jahan ek or snsadiy pranali ka rasta khula tatha bharatiyon ko kaunsilon men adhik sthan mila, vahin doosari or chunav paddhati evn gair sadasyon ki snkhya men vriddhi ne asantosh utpann kiya.


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