10 मई 1857  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

pratham svatantrata sngram ke senaniyon ke samman men jari dak tikat

10 mee, 1857 ka din bharatiy itihas men ek vishisht sthan rakhata hai. 1857 men bharat ka pratham svatntrata sngram isi din arnbh hua tha. 1857 vah varsh hai, jab bharatiy viron ne apane shaury ki kalam ko rakt men dubo kar kal ki shila par ankit kiya tha aur british samrajy ko kadi chunauti dekar usaki jade़n hila di thin. 1857 ka varsh vaise bhi uthal-puthal vala raha hai. isi varsh kailiphorniya ke tejon namak sthan par 7.9 skel ka bhookamp aya tha to tokiyo men aye bhookamp men lagabhag ek lakh log aur itali ke nepals men aye 6.9 skel ke bhookamp men lagabhag 11,000 log mare gaye the. 1857 ki kranti isaliye aur bhi mahatvapoorn ho jati hai ki thik sau sal pahale sanh 1757 men plasi ke yuddh men vijay prapt kar rabart klaiv ne angreji raj ki bharat men ninv dali thi. vibhinn itihasakaron aur vicharakon ne isaki apane-apane drishtikon se vyakhyayen ki hain. bharat ke pratham pradhanamntri aur mahanh chintak pndit javaharalal neharoo ne likha ki- ‘‘yah keval ek vidroh nahin tha, yadyapi isaka visphot sainik vidroh ke roop men hua tha, kyonki yah vidroh shighr hi jan vidroh ke roop men parinit ho gaya tha.’’ benjamin dijarayali ne british snsad men ise ‘‘rashtriy vidroh’’ bataya. prakhar vicharak vir savarakar v pattabhi sitaramaiya ne ise ”bharat ka pratham svadhinata sngram”, jaan viliyam ne ”sipahiyon ka vetan suvidha vala mamooli sngharsh“ v jaan broos naartan ne ‘‘jan-vidroh’’ kaha. marksavadi vicharak daau. ram vilas sharma ne ise snsar ki pratham samrajy virodhi v samant virodhi kranti batate hue 20vin sadi ki janavadi krantiyon ki lambi shrrinkhala ki pratham mahatvapoorn kadi bataya. prakhyat antarrashtriy rajanaitik vicharak maijini to bharat ke is pratham svadhinata sngram ko antarrashtriy pariprekshy men dekhate the aur unake anusar isaka asar tatkalin itali, hngari v polaind ki sattaon par bhi padega aur vahan ki nitiyan bhi badalengi.

1857 ki kranti

1857 ki kranti ko lekar tamam vishleshan kiye gaye hain. isake pichhe rajanaitik-samajik-dharmik-arthik sabhi tatv kary kar rahe the, par isaka sabase sashakt paksh yah raha ki raja-praja, hindoo-musalaman, jamindar-kisan, purush-mahila sabhi ekajut hokar angrezon ke viruddh lade. 1857 ki kranti ko matr sainik vidroh manane vale is tathy ki avahelana karate hain ki kee aise bhi sthan the, jahan sainik chhavaniyan n hone par bhi british satta ke viruddh kranti huyi. isi prakar ve yah bhool jate hai ki vastav men ye sipahi sainik vardi men kisan the aur kisi bhi vyakti ke adhikaron ke hanan ka sidha tatpary tha ki kisi-n-kisi sainik ke adhikaron ka hanan, kyonki har sainik ya to kisi ka pita, beta, bhaee ya any rishtedar hai. yah ek tathy hai ki angrezi hukoomat dvara lagoo naye bhoo-rajasv kanoon ke khilaf akele sainikon ki or se 15,000 arjiyan dayar ki gayi thin. daa. lakshmimall singhavi ke shabdon men- ‘‘sanh 1857 ki kranti ko chahe samanti sailab ya sainik gadar kahakar kharij karane ka prayas kiya gaya ho, par vastav men vah janamat ka rajanitik-sanskritik vidroh tha. bharat ka janamanas usamen juda tha, lok sahity aur lok chetana us kranti ke aveg se achhooti nahin thi. svabhavik hai ki kranti saphal n ho to ise ‘viplav’ ya ‘vidroh’ hi kaha jata hai.’’ yah kranti koee yakayak ghatit ghatana nahin thi, varanh isake mool men vigat kee salon ki ghatanayen thin, jo kampani ke shasanakal men ghatit hoti rahin. ek or bharat ki parampara, ritirivaj aur snskriti ke viparit angreji satta evn snskriti sudridh ho rahi thi to doosari or bharatiy rajaon ke sath anyayapoorn karravaee, angrejon ki hadapaniti, bharatiy janamanas ki bhavanaon ka daman evn vibhedapoorn v upekshapoorn vyavahar se rajaon, sainikon v janamanas men vidroh ke ankur phoot rahe the.
isamen koee shak nahin ki 1757 se 1856 ke madhy desh ke vibhinn sthanon par bhinn-bhinn vargon dvara kee vidroh kiye gaye. yadyapi angrezi sena bar-bar in vidrohon ko kuchalati rahi par usake bavajood in vidrohon ka punah sar uthakar khada ho jana bharatiy janamanas ki jivatata ka hi parichayak kaha jayega. 1857 ke vidroh ko isi prishthabhoomi men dekhe jane ki zaroorat hai. angrej itihasakar phaarest ne ek jagah sachet bhi kiya hai ki- ‘‘1857 ki kranti hamen is bat ki yad dilati hai ki hamara samrajy ek aise patale chhilake ke oopar kayam hai, jisake kisi bhi samay samajik parivartanon aur dharmik krantiyon ki prachand jvalaon dvara tukade़-tukade़ ho jane ki sambhavana hai.’’ angrezi hukoomat ko bhi 1757 se 1856 tak chale ghatanakramon se yah abhas ho gaya tha ki ve ab ajey nahin rahe. tabhi to laard kening ne faravari 1856 men garvanar janaral ka karyabhar grahan karane se poorv kaha tha ki - ‘‘main chahata hoon ki mera karyakal shantipoorn ho. main nahin bhool sakata ki bharat ke gagan men, jo abhi shant hai, kabhi bhi chhota sa badal, chahe vah ek hath jitana hi kyon n ho, nirantar vistrit hokar phat sakata hai, jo ham sabako tabah kar sakata hai.’’ laard kening ki is svikarokti men hi 1857 ki kranti ke bij chhupe huye the.
1857 ki kranti ki saphalata-asaphalata ke apane-apane tark hain par yah bharat ki ajadi ka pahala aisa sngharsh tha, jise angrej samarthak sainik vidroh athava asaphal vidroh sabit karane par tule the, parantu sahi mayanon men yah paradhinata ki bediyon se mukti pane ka rashtriy phalak par hua pratham mahatvapoorn sngharsh tha. amariki vidvanh pro. ji. eph. hachins ke shabdon men- ‘‘1857 ki kranti ko angrejon ne keval sainik vidroh hi kaha kyonki ve is ghatana ke rajadroh paksh par hi bal dena chahate the aur kahana chahate the ki yah vidroh angreji sena ke keval bharatiy sainikon tak hi simit tha. parantu adhunik shodh patron ne yah spasht kar diya hai ki yah arambh se sainik vidroh ke hi roop men hua, parantu shighr hi isamen lokapriy vidroh ka roop dharan kar liya.’’ vastutah is kranti ko bharat men angreji hukoomat ke viruddh pahali pratyaksh chunauti ke roop men dekha ja sakata hai. yah andolan bhale hi bharat ko angrejon ki gulami se mukti n dila paya ho, lekin logon men azadi ka jajba zaroor paida kar gaya. 1857 ki is kranti ko kuchh itihasakaron ne mahasvapn ki shokantika kaha hai, par is garvile upakram ke phalasvaroop hi bharat ka nayab moti eest indiya kampani ke hathon se nikal gaya aur jald hi kampani bhng ho gayi. 1857 ke sngram ki visheshata yah bhi hai ki isase uthe shnkhanad ke bad jnge-ajadi 90 sal tak anavarat chalati rahi aur antat: 15 agast, 1947 ko ham ajad hue.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 10 mee 1857 ki yad men (hindi) shabd-srijan ki or. abhigaman tithi: 20 janavari, 2015.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah