श्रमिक संघ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

'shramikon ke sabhi prakar ke saman hiton ki raksha karane ke uddeshy se banaya gaya, shramikon ka sngathan shramik sngh kahalata hai. bharat men adhunik udyogon ki shuruat 1850 ee. se 1870 ee. ke bich huee thi. adyogikikaran ke sath-sath is kshetr men anek buraiyan, jaise- adhik samay tak shramikon se kam lena, kathor shram, avas ki asuvidha, kam parishramik, mrityu dar men adhikata adi vyapt thin. in buraeeyon ko thoda bahut kam karane ke lie british bharat ki sarakar ne kee karakhana adhiniyam banaye, par in adhiniyamon dvara in kshetron men koee krantikari parivartan nahin hua. shramikon ne aupaniveshik rajy se ladane ke lie sngathan ki avashyakata mahasoos ki, jisake parinamasvaroop 1884 ee. men bharat ke pahale shramik sngh, 'bambee mil haind aisosieshan' ki sthapana en.em.lokhande ke netritv men ki gee.

sngathan ka uddeshy

shramikon ke is sngathan ne marathi bhasha men 'dinabandhu' namak akhabar bhi prakashit kiya. 1897 ee. men 'amalagametid sosaiti aauf relave sarventas aauf indiya end barma' ki sthapana huee. isake atirikt 1905 ee. men 'kalakatta printars yooniyan', 1907 ee. men 'bambee postal yooniyan' aur aur 1910 ee. men 'kamagar hitavardhak sabha' ki sthapana huee. in sngathanon ka ekamatr uddeshy tha- phaiktri pranali men vyapt buraiyon ko samapt karana. mazadoor varg ki pratham sngathit hadatal british svamitv vali relave, jisaka nam 'gret indiyan penansular relave' tha, 1899 ee. men mazadoori, kam ke ghanton tatha any seva sharton men sudhar ko lekar huee thi. dvitiy vishvayuddh ke bad rajanitik andolanon ke phalasvaroop 'shramik andolan' ko bhi bal prapt ho gaya tha.

shramik andolan

dvitiy vishv yuddh ke samapt ho jane ke bad rajanitik andolanon men kafi tezi aee, jisake phalasvaroop shramikon ke andolanon ko bal mila. roos men 1918 ee. ki 'samyavadi kranti' ne bharatiy mazadoor snghon ko protsahit kiya. antarrashtriy star par 'antarrashtriy mazadoor sngh' (aee.el.o.) ki sthapana huee. vi.pi. vadiya ne bharat men adhunik shramik sngh 'madras shramik sngh' ki sthapana ki. unhin ke prayason se 1926 ee. men 'shramik sngh adhiniyam' parit kiya gaya. 1920 ee. men sthapit 'akhil bharatiy tred yooniyan kangres' (e.aee.ti.yoo.si.) men tatkalin, lagabhag 64 shramik sngh shamil ho gaye. en.em.joshi, lala lajapat ray evn josef baipatista ke prayatnon se 1920 ee. men sthapit 'akhil bharatiy tred yooniyan kangres' par vamapnthiyon ka prabhav badhane laga. 'etak' (e.aee.ti.yoo.si) ke pratham adhyaksh lala lajapat ray the. yah sammelan 1920 ee. men bambee men hua tha. isake upadhyaksh josef baiptista tatha mahamntri divan chamanalal the.

kisan sabhaon ka gathan

1920 ee. se prarambh hone vale dashak men bngal, bihar, pnjab evn uttar pradesh men kisan sabhaon ka gathan kiya gaya. bngal men abdul rahim evn fajalul hak ke netritv men 'krishak praja pati' ka gathan kiya gaya. 1930 ee. men bihar men svami sahajannd sarasvati (samajavadi) ke netritv men 'bihar kisan sabha' ki sthapana ki gee. bihar men kangres sarakar dvara zamidari pratha (raiyyatavadi vyavastha) n samapt karane ke virodh men sahajannd ne 1945 ee. men is sabha se istifa de diya. 1936 ee. men bihar men 'bakasht bhoomi' ke khilaf andolan hua. bakasht bhoomi vah bhoomi hoti thi, jisako mndi ki sthiti men lagan n de pane ke karan kisanon ne zamindaron ko de diya tha.

kisan andolan

1937 ee. men pranton men kangres ki sarakaren banin. bihar vidhanasabha ke samane adhiveshan ke pahale din 23,000 kisanon ne ekatr hokar nara diya, 'hamen pani do ham pyasen hain, hamen roti do ham bhookhen hain, hamare sabhi krishi rin maauph kar do, hamen zamindaron ke shoshan se bachaon.' 11 aprail, 1936 ee. ko lakhanoo men 'kisan sabha' ka gathan kiya gaya. isake pratham sammelan ki adhyakshata svami sahajannd sarasvati ne ki. is sngathan ka mukhy uddeshy tha- kisanon ko arthik shoshan se mukti dilana. aktoobar, 1920 ee. men avadh men 'kisan sabha' ka gathan kiya gaya. is sngathan ke prayas se hi janavari-march, 1932 ee. men rayabareli, phaijabad, pratapagadh evn sultanapur men vyapak paimane par kisan andolan hue. 'eka andolan' jo 1920-21 ee. men madari pasi ke netritv men haradoee, baharaich, sitapur, barabnki adi zilon men chal raha tha, 1922 ee. men asahayog andolan ke bnd ho jane par kuchal diya gaya. 1928 ee. men andhr pradesh men en.ji. rnga ke netritv men 'raiyyat sngh' ki sthapana huee. is sngathan ne zamindaron ki jyadatiyon ko sarakar ke samaksh prastut karane ka prayatn kiya.


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