मीर ज़ाफ़र  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

mir zafar bngal ka 1757 ee. se 1760 ee. tak aur phir 1763 ee. se 1765 ee. tak navab tha. vah bngal ke navab alivardi khan ka binoee tha aur murshidabad ke darabar men bahut adhik prabhav rakhata tha. alivardi khan ke pautr tatha uttaradhikari navab sirajuddaula ko usaki svamibhakti men sandeh tha, aur usane use bakhshi ke pad se hata diya. isase mir zafar aur kruddh ho gaya aur usane sirajuddaula ko gaddi se hatane tatha khud navab banane ke lie asntusht darabariyon ke sath shadyntr racha, jisamen jagat seth bhi sammilit tha.

angrezon se sndhi

shadyntrakariyon ke neta ke roop men mir zafar ne 10 joon 1757 ee. ko kalakatta men angrezon se ek sndhi ki. is sndhi ke dvara mir zafar ne vachan diya ki yadi vah angrezon ki sahayata se bngal ka navab ban gaya, to sirajuddaula ne alinagar ki sndhi (9 faravari 1757 ee.) ke dvara unhen jo suvidhaen de rakhi hain, unaki pushti kar dega, angrezon se rakshatmak sndhi karega, phransisiyon ko bngal se nikal dega, 1756 ee. men kalakatta chhine jane ke badale eest indiya kampani ko 10 lakh paund harjana dega aur isaka adha rupaya kalakatta ke angrez nivasiyon ko dega. mir zafar ne gupt sndhi karake angrezi sena, nausena tatha kaunsil ke sadasyon ko kafi adhik dhan dene ka vada kiya.

bngal ka naya navab

is sndhi ke anusar 23 joon, 1757 ee. ko plasi ki ladaee men mir zafar tatha usake sahayogi shadyntrakariyon ne koee hissa nahin liya aur angrez badi asani se ladaee jit gaye. sirajuddaula yuddh-bhoomi se bhag gaya, parantu use shighr bndi bana liya gaya aur mir zafar ke putr miran ne usaka vadh kar diya. isake bad mir zafar bngal ka naya navab bana diya gaya. gaddinashin hone par usane 10 joon, 1757 ee. ki sndhi ke dvara jitane bhi vade kiye the sab poore kar diye. isake atirikt usane kampani ko chaubis paragane ki zamindari bhi de di. usane 15 joon, 1757 ee. ko kampani ke sath ek aur sndhi ki, jisake dvara usane do nayi dharaon se apane ko bandh liya. in dharaon men kaha gaya tha:-

  • angrezon ke dushman mere dushman honge, chahe bharatiy hon ya yooropiy,
  • jab kabhi main angrezon se sahayata ki mang karoonga, usaka kharch doonga.

agauravapoorn adhyay

mir zafar ne is tarah bngal par ek prakar se angrezon ka rajanitik tatha sainik prabhutv svikar kar apani navabi ka agauravapoorn adhyay arambh kiya. usane 1756 ee. men kalakatta par dakhal karane se angrezon ko jo kshati uthani padi thi usake lie 1,77,00,000 roo. harjana dekar, angrezi sena, nausena tatha adhikariyon ko 1,12,50,000 ru0 dekar (jisamen 23,40,000 ru0 sirf raaubart klaiv ko diye gaye) tatha chaubis paragane ki sari malagujari kampani ko saunp kar rajy ko divaliya bana diya. vah apani fauj ki tanakhvahen dene men bhi asamarth ho gaya. is prakar mir zafar angrezon par adhikadhik nirbhar hota gaya aur shighr hi apani sthiti se bechain ho utha. atev usane angrezon ke viruddh dach logon se shadyntr rachana shuroo kar diya. parantu angrezon ne bidarra men dach logon ko hara diya. 1760 ee. men mir zafar ka snrakshak klaiv inglaind chala gaya aur isake bad mir zafar ka ladaka tatha bhavi uttaradhikari miran bijali girane se mar gaya. isake phalasvaroop mir zafar ke uttaradhikari ka prashn uth khada hua. klaiv ke uttaradhikariyon ne klaiv ka hi anukaran kiya aur 1760 ee. men unhonne mir zafar ko gaddi se hatakar usake damad mir qasim ko naya navab bana diya.

pun: navab pad ki prapti

mir zafar ne bina koee pratirodh kiye 1760 ee. men navabi chhod di, parantu 1763 ee. men angrezon aur navab mir qasim men yuddh chhid jane par use phir navab bana diya gaya. pun: navabi prapt karane se poorv mir zafar ne angrezon se ek sndhi ki, jisake dvara usane apani faujon ki snkhya simit karana, rajadhani murshidabad men sthayi british rejident rakhana, angrezon ke namak ke vyapar par keval 2 pratishat chungi lena, kampani ko yuddh ke kharch ke taur par 35 lakh rupaya dena, angrezi sena tatha nausena ke sadasyon ko bhent ke taur par 37 lakh rupaya dena tatha mir qasim se yuddh men jin logon ko vyaktigat roop se kshati uthani padi, unhen harjana dena svikar kar liya.

mrityu

is prakar ek bar pun: navabi milane par mir zafar ki arthik sthiti pahale se bhi adhik shochaniy ho gayi. usaka rajanitik bhavishy lagabhag samapt ho gaya. use aphim ki lat thi aur vah kushth rog se bhi pidit tha. 1765 ee. men usaki kalnkapoorn mrityu ho gayi. bngal men muslim shasan ke patan ke lie jo bharatiy musalaman zimmedar the, unamen mir zafar pramukh tha.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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