अदालत  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

adalat 'arabi bhasha' ka shabd hai jisaka samanarthavachi hindi shabd 'nyayalay' hai. samanyataya adalat ka tatpary us sthan se hai jahan par nyay prashasan kary hota hai, parntu bahudha isaka prayog nyayadhish ke arth men bhi hota hai. bolachal ki bhasha men adalat ko 'kachahari' bhi kahate hain.

itihas

bharatiy nyayalayon ki vartaman pranali kisi vishesh prachin parnpara se snbaddh nahin hai. mugal kal men do pramukh nyayalayon ka ullekh milata hai sadar divani adalat tatha sadar nijam e adalat, jahan kramash vyavaharavad tatha aparadhik mamalon ki sunavaee hoti thi. sanh‌ 1857 ee. ke asaphal svatntray yuddh ke pashchath‌ angrezi nyay-prashasan-pranali ke adhar par vibhinn nyayalayon ki srishti huee. inglaind men sthit privi kaunsil bharat ki sarvochch nyayalay thi. sanh‌ 1947 ee. men desh svatntr hua aur tatpashchath‌ bharatiy snvidhan ke antargat snpoorn-prabhutv snpann ganarajy ki sthapana huee. uchchatam nyayalay (suprim kort) desh ka sarvochch nyayalay bana.

vargikaran

nyayalayon ko unake bhedanusar vibhinn vargon men banta ja sakata hai, jaise uchch tatha nimn nyayalay, abhilekh nyayalay tatha ve jo abhilekh nyayalay nahin hai, vyavaharik, rajasv tatha dnd nyayalay, pratham nyayalay tatha apil nyayalay aur sainik tatha anyany nyayalay. uchchatam nyayalay desh ka sarvochch abhilekh nyayalay hai. pratyek rajy men ek abhilekh nyayalay hai. rajy ke samast nyayalay usake adhin hain. rajasv parishadh (bord aauv revenyoo) rajasv snbndhi mamalon ko pradeshik sarvochch abhilekh nyayalay hai. katipay mamalon ko chhodakar uparyukt nyayalayon ko apil snbndhi kshetradhikar hai.

zile men pradhan nyayalay zila nyayadhish ka hai. any nyayalay karyakshetranusar is prakar hai-

  1. vyavaharik nyayalay, jaise sivil jaj tatha munsiph ke nyayalay aur laghuvad nyayalay (kort aauv smal kajej).
  2. dnd nyayalay, jaise zila dndadhikari (distrikt maijistret), any dndadhikariyon ke nyayalay tatha satr nyayalay (kort aauv seshns)
  3. rajasv nyayalay, jaise ziladhish (kalaktar) tatha ayukt (kamishnar) ke nyayalay.
  4. pnchayati adalat- ye simit kshetradhikar vale gram nyayalay hain.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. adalat (hindi) bharatakhoj. abhigaman tithi: 24 navnbar, 2013.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

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