शेरअली  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

sherali afaganistan ke amir dost muhammad ka putr tatha usaka uttaradhikari tha. pita ki mrityu ke bad yah 1863 ee. men afaganistan ka amir bana. kintu 1866 ee. men kabul aur 1867 ee. men kndhar se khadede jane par usane herat men sharan li. sherali apane do prabal padosiyon roos aur inglaind ki nirdayi mahattvakanksha evn svarthapoorn nitiyon ka shikar banaya gaya, jisake parinamasvaroop faravari, 1879 ee. men usaki mrityu ho gee. usake bad sherali ka putr ayoob khan afaganistan ka agala amir bana.

sherali ka sndeh

roos ne apane samrajy ki simaon ka vistar kaispiyan sagar ke nikat ke khanon ki rajy simaon tak badhakar 1865 ee. men tashakand aur 1868 ee. men samarakand par adhikar karake kiya. samrajy vistar se sherali ko roos ke bhavi manasoobon par sndeh hua, phalat: 1869 ee. men usane bharat sarakar ke tatkalin vaisaray laaurd meyo se ambala men bhent ki. usane vaisaray ke sammukh kuchh aise prastav rakhe, jinase afaganistan men svayn angrezon ki sthiti mazaboot ho jati aur ve bhavishy men afaganistan ki simaon ki or roosi vistar rokane men samarth hote. kintu landan ke adesh par usane is prakar ki koee sandhi karana asvikar kar diya.

angrezon ka prastav

lagabhag 1870 ee. se turkistan men niyukt roosi gavarnar-janaral kaufamain ne sherali se patr vyavahar prarambh kar diya. roosiyon dvara 1873 ee. men khiv (kiv) par adhikar kar lene par sherali ne bharat sarakar se pun: ek nishchit sandhi karane ki prarthana ki, kintu use pun: asvikar kar diya gaya. lekin 1876 ee. men jab laaurd litan pratham (1876-80 ee.) bharat ka vaisaray hua, tab bharat sarakar ne apani afagan niti men achanak parivartan kar diya aur sherali se ek nishchit sandhi karane ka prastav rakha, jisamen pratibandh yah tha ki amir herat men angrez rejident rakhana svikar kar le. sherali afaganon ki manovritti bhali prakar se janata tha. use poora vishvas tha ki apane rajy men angrez rejident rakhane ka sujhav man lene se afagan praja poornat: asntusht ho jayegi aur usaki apani gaddi bhi snkat men pad jayegi. at: usane angrezon ka ukt prastav thukara diya.

vivashata evn yuddh

isi bich 1878 ee. men barlin kangres men angrezon ki niti se chidhakar roos ne janaral stolitanf (stoliyataf) ke netritv men ek dootamandal afaganistan bheja. sherali ko vivash hokar usaka svagat karana pada. ab laaurd litan pratham ki sarakar ko ek aur karan mil gaya ki vah angrezon ke dootamandal ko bhi apane yahan bulave. kintu sherali ke dvara ise asvikar karane par navambar, 1878 ee. men british sarakar ne usake viruddh yuddh ki ghoshana kar di.

mrityu

sherali angrezon ki vishal sena ko rokane men poori tarah se asaphal tha aur vah roosi turkistan ki or bhaga, jahan faravari 1879 ee. men usaki mrityu ho gee. is prakar sherali apane do prabal padosiyon roos aur inglaind ki nirdayi mahattvakanksha evn svarthapoorn nitiyon ka shikar ban gaya.


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