कैबिनेट मिशन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kaibinet mishan kliment etali mntrimandal dvara 1946 ee. men bharat bheja gaya tha. isaka uddeshy bharatiy netaon se milakar unhen is bat ka vishvas dilana tha ki sarakar snvaidhanik mamale par shighr hi samajhauta karane ko utsuk hai. lekin british sarakar aur bharatiy rajanitik netaon ke bich nirnayak charan 24 march, 1946 ee. men aya, jab mntrimandal ke tin sadasy laaurd pethik laaurens (bharat sachiv), sar staifard krips (adhyaksh, bord aauf tred) aur e.vi. alekzendar (nausena mntri) bharat ae.[1]

etali ki ghoshana

briten men 26 julaee, 1945 ee. ko kliment etali ke netritv men british mntrimandal ne satta grahan ki. pradhanamntri etali ne 15 faravari, 1946 ee. ko bharatiy snvidhan sabha ki sthapana evn tatkalin jvalant samasyaon par bharatiyon se vichar-vimarsh ke lie 'kaibinet mishan' ko bharat bhejane ki ghoshana ki. is samay etali ne kaha ki "british sarakar bharat ke poorn svatantrata ke adhikar ko manyata pradan karati hai tatha yah usaka adhikar hai ki british samrajy ke antargat rahe ya nahi." isi ghoshana ke dauran ek vad-vivad men apana vichar vyakt karate hue etali ne kaha ki "ham alpasnkhyakon ke adhikaron ke prati bhali-bhanti jagaruk hain aur chahate hain ki alpasnkhk bina bhay ke rah saken, parantu ham yah bhi nahin sahan karenge ki alpasnkhyak log bahutasnkhyak logon ki unnati men ade ayen."

kangres dvara vibhajan ka virodh

etali dvara bheje ge is mntrimandal se kangres ki or se batachit abul kalam azad ne ki. is kam men javahar lal neharoo aur vallabh bhaee patel ne unaki sahayata ki. mahatma gandhi se ye log salah lete rahate the. lekin is mool prashn par batachit men gatirodh paida ho gaya ki bharat ki ekata bani rahegi athava muslim lig ki pakistan ki mang ko poora karane ke lie desh ka vibhajan hoga. kangres vibhajan ka virodh kar rahi thi aur vibhi़nn pranton ko jitani bhi adhik-se-adhik arthik, sanskritik aur kshetriy svayattata de sakana snbhav tha, dene ko taiyar thi. shimala men ayojit ek sammelan men kangres aur lig ke matabhed door nahin ho sake.[1] inhen bhi dekhen: shimala sammelan

mishan ki sipharishen

16 mee, 1946 ee. ko is mishan ne apani riport prastut ki. riport men kaibinet mishan ne nimnalikhit sipharishen ki thin-

  1. ek bharatiy sngh sthapit hoga, jisamen deshi rajy v british bharat ke prant sammilit honge. yah sngh vaideshik, raksha tatha yatayat vibhagon ki vyavastha karega.
  2. sngh men deshi rajyon v british bharat ke pratinidhiyon ki ek karyapalika hogi. kisi sampradayik samasya par nirnay karane ke poorv yah avashyak hoga ki vidhanamandal men donon mukhy sampradayon ke pratinidhi alag-alag mat se usaka samarthan karen.
  3. sngh soochi ke atirikt any sabhi vishayon evn avashisht vishayon par pranton ka adhikar hoga.
  4. bharatiy pranton ko tin vargon men vibhajit karane ki yojana ke antargat varg 'a' men madras, bambee, uttar pradesh, bihar, snyukt prant, varg 'b' men pnjab, uttar pashchimi sima pradesh aur sindh evn varg 's' men bngal evn asam shamil honge. tinon vargon ke pranton ko apane-apane pratinidhi chunane evn apane prant ke lie snvidhan banane ka adhikar hoga.
  5. snvidhan nirman ke lie ek 'snvidhan sabha' ke gathan ki bat ki gayi. snvidhan sabha ka chunav prantiy vidhanasabhaon ke sadasyon se kiya jana tha. in sadasyon ko tin vargon, samany, muslim aur sikkh men bantane ki yojana thi. yah chunav anupatik pratinidhitv pranali ke adhar par kiya jana tha.
  6. shishtamandal ne pakistan snbndhi mang ko svikar nahin kiya.

muslim lig ki mang

mahatma gandhi ke netritv men kangres ne 'kaibinet mishan yojana' ko svikar kar liya, kintu antarim sarakar ki yojana ka muslim lig ne virodh kiyan. muslim lig ne pakistan ki mang ko poora karane ke lie pratyaksh karyavahi prarambh kar di. 16 agast, 1946 ee. ko lig ne sidhi karyavahi divas ke roop men manane ka nirnay kiya. parinamasvaroop sampradayik dnge hue. neakhali dnge ka kendr tha. maulana abul kalam azad- "16 agast bharat ke itihas men kala din hai, kyonki is din samoohik hinsa ne kalakatta ki mahanagari ko raktapat, hatya aur bhay ki badh men dubo diya. saikadon janen gayin, hazaron log ghayal hue aur karodon rupaye ki sampatti nasht huee."

mishan ki asaphalata

muslim lig ne oopar se to is yojana ko svikar kar liya, lekin yah svikriti vastavik n hokar dikhava matr thi. muhammad ali jinna ne muslim lig kaunsil men bhashan dete hue kaha- "main apako bata dena chahata hoon ki jab tak ham apane sare kshetr ko milakar poorn aur prabhusatta sampann pakistan ki sthapana nahin kar lenge, tab tak ham sntusht hokar nahin baithenge." lig ki is visngati ke karan hi gandhi ji aur kangres men unake sathi, 'pranton ke vargabndhan' ki yojana ke vishay men ashant aur ashnkit ho ge. lig is yojana ko anivary karake ise pakistan ki sthapana ka sadhan banana chahati thi. is bat par matabhed se kaibinet mishan-yojana viphal ho gee. 29 joon, 1946 ee. ko kaibinet mishan inglaind vapas chala gaya.[1]

vivad ki charam sima

tin stariy snvidhan yojana badi sookshm vyavastha thi, jisamen rokatham aur sntulan banae rakhane ke lie bahut sare upay kie ge the. bade-bade dalon ke bich poorn sahayog ke bina snvidhan banana asnbhav tha, use karyaroop dena to door ki bat thi. kaibinet mishan-yojana men samajhaute ka prayas tha, lekin yah kangres aur muslim lig ko ekamat nahin kar saki. isaka parinam yah hua ki jin mamalon ko yah samajha jata tha ki is yojana se ve tay ho chuke hain, ve hi mishan ke tinon sadasyon ke inglaind lautane par turnt phir uthae ge. kin pranton ke 'varg' banaye jaen aur antarim sarakar men kis dal ke kitane log honge, in do mahattvapoorn prashnon par vad-vivad ki uttejana charam sima par pahunch gee.

snvidhan sabha ke lie chunav

kaibinet mishan ke bare men gandhi ji ne kaha ki "yah yojana us samay ki paristhitiyon ke pariprekshy men sabase utkrisht yojana thi, usamen aise bij the, jisase duahkh ki mari bharat bhoomi yatana se mukt ho sakati thi." julaee, 1946 ee. men kaibinet mishan yojana ke antargat snvidhan sabha ke lie chunav hua. yah snvidhan sabha prantiy vidhanasabhaon dvara chuni jani thi, kyonki yadi vayask matadhikar ke adhar par chuni jati to samay adhik lagata. atah snvidhan sabha ke 296 sthanon ke lie chunav sampann hua. is chunav men kangres ne 214 samany sthanon men se 201 sthan prapt kar liye. sath hi use char sikkh sadasyon ka bhi samarthan prapt hua. doosari or muslim lig ko 78 muslim sthanon men se 73 sthan mile.

muslim lig ki baukhalahat

muslim lig yah sochakar baukhala gayi ki 296 sadasyiy snvidhan sabha men usaki keval 24 pratishat siten hi hain. atah usane 29 joon, 1946 ee. ko kaibinet mishan yojana ko asvikar kar diya. sath hi lig ne pakistan ko prapt karane ke lie pratyaksh karyavahi ki dhamaki bhi di. is prakar lig ne 16 agast, 1946 ee. ko 'pratyaksh karyavahi divas' ke roop men manaya. is din hue khooni sngharsh men bngal men lagabhag 7,000 logon ka katl kar diya gaya. sath hi bihar, bngal men noakhali, silahat, bambee, gadhamukteshvar (uttar pradesh) adi sthanon par bhayanak sampradayik dnge hue.

etali ki ghoshana

2 sitambar, 1946 ee. ko javaharalal neharoo ke netritv men 12 sadasyiy antarim sarakar ne shapath grahan ki. vevel ke anurodh par muslim lig ke panch sadasy antarim sarakar men shamil hue, kintu unaka rukh hathadharmita ka raha. isalie kisi samajhaute par antim nirnay nahin ho saka. british pradhanamntri kliment etali ne 20 faravari, 1947 ee. ko do mahattvapoorn ghoshanaain kin. pratham ghoshana men usane kaha ki british sarakar joon, 1948 ee. se poorv bharatiyon ko satta saunp dengi. is ghoshana ke bad muslim lig ne bharat ke bntavare ko lekar andolan tej kar diya. use asam, pnjab aur pashchimi sima prat men khooni sngharsh karavaya. etali ne doosari ghoshana yah ki ki laaurd mauntabetan ko vayasaray banakar bharat bheja jaega.


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tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 kaibinet mishan (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el.). . abhigaman tithi: 17 joon, 2011.

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