सर चार्ल्स मैटकाफ़  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

sar charls maitakaf

sar charls maitakaf 1835 se 1836 ee. bharat ka gavarnar-janaral raha tha. ek varsh tak bharat ke gavarnar janaral ke pad par kary karane vale charls maitakaf ko pres par se niyntran hatane ke lie yad kiya jata hai. charls maitakaf ko "samachar patron ka muktidata" ke roop men snbodhit kiya gaya hai. eest indiya kampani ke is honahar vyakti ne apane achchhe karyon se bharatiy itihas men ek amit chhap chhodi hai.

samachar patron ki svatntrata

samachar patr par lagane vale pratibndh ke antargat 1799 ee. men laaurd velezali dvara patron ka 'patrekshan adhiniyam' aur jaaun edams dvara 1823 ee. men 'anugypti niyam' lagoo kiye gaye the. edams dvara samachar patron par lage pratibandh ke karan raja ramamohan ray ka miratul akhabar band ho gaya. 1830 ee. men raja ramamohan ray, dvarakanath taigor evn prasann kumar taigor ke prayason se bngali bhasha men 'bngadoot' ka prakashan arambh hua. bambee se 1831 ee. men gujarati bhasha men 'jame jamashed' tatha 1851 ee. men 'rast goftar' evn 'akhabare saudagar' ka prakashan hua. laaurd viliyam baintik pratham gavarnar-janaral tha, jisane pres ki svatntrata ke prati udaravadi drishtikon apanaya. karyavahak garvanar-janaral charls metakaauf ne 1823 ee. ke pratibandh ko hatakar samachar patron ko mukti dilavaee. yahi karan hai ki use 'samachar patron ka muktidata' bhi kaha jata hai.

maitakaauf ka kathan

1830 men bharat ke tatkalin karyavahak gavarnar-janaral sar charls metakaauf ne likha tha ki- "gramin samuday ganatantrik hain aur unake pas vah sab kuchh hai, jisaki unhen zaroorat hai aur ye ganv kisi bhi videshi snbndh se mukt hain. kee raje-maharaje ae aur ge, krantiyan hoti rahin, lekin gramin samuday is sab se achhoota raha. gramin samudayon ki shaktiyan itani thi, mano sab ke sab apane ap men ek alag rajy hon, mere vichar se tamam akramanon ke bich bhi bharatiy logon ke bach pane ka mukhy karan bhi yahi raha. jis tarah ki azadi aur svatntrata men yahan ke log prasannata se ji rahe hain, usamen pramukh yogadan is vyavastha ka hi hai. meri ichchha hai ki ganvon ke is snvidhan ko kabhi chheda n jae aur har vah khatara, jo is vyavastha ko todane ki disha men le jata ho, usase savadhan raha jae" lekin durbhagyavash aisa nahin ho saka.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. nikalana hi pada siddharth ko (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 01 julaee, 2013.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah