अज़ीमुल्लाह ख़ाँ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

azimullah khan yusoof jee (janm- 1820, patakapur, kanapur ke pas; mrityu- 1859) maratha peshava bajirav dvitiy (1769-1818 ee.) ke putr nana sahab ke vetan bhogi karmachari the. unhonne 1857 ee. ka 'sipahi vidroh' karane men gupt roop se bhag liya tha. 1857 ke mahasamar ke mahanh rajanitik pratinidhi aur pratham rashtragit ke rachanakar azimullah khan ka sampoorn jivan british raj ke viruddh sngharsh karate hue vyatit hua tha. isaka saboot unake dvara rachit desh ke pratham rashtragit ke roop men bhi upalabdh hai. nana sahab ke pratham salahakar niyukt kie jane ke bad unhen divan azimullah khan ke nam se jana gaya tha.[1]

janm tatha parivar

azimullah khan ka janm san 1820 men kanapur shahar se sati angrezi chhavani ke pared maidan ke samip patakapur men hua tha. unake pita najib mistri badi mehanat aur parishram karane vale insan the. ghar ki arthik sthiti achchhi nahin thi aur parivar garibi ka jivan vyatit kar raha tha. azimullah khan ki man ka nam kariman tha. sainy chhavani v pared maidan se ekadam najadik hone ke karan azimullah khan ka parivar angrez sainikon dvara hindustaniyon ke prati kie jane vale durvyavaharon ka chashmadid gavah aur bhukt bhogi bhi tha.

mata-pita ki mrityu

ek bar ek angrez adhikari ne azimullah ke pita najib mistri ko ghodon ka astabal saf karane ko kaha. unake inkar karane par usane najib ko chhat se niche gira diya aur phir oopar se eent phenkakar mari. isake parinam svaroop najib chh: mah bistar par pade rahe aur phir ant men unaka svargavas ho gaya. ab man kariman aur balak azimullah khan besahara hokar bhaynkar garibi ka jivan jine ke lie majaboor ho gaye. kariman begam bahut parishram se apana aur bete ka palan-poshan kar rahi thin. atyadhik parishram karane se ve bhi bimar rahane lagin. ab ath varsh ke balak azimullah khan ke lie dusaron ke yahan jakar kam karana ek majaboori ban gee. unake ek padosi manik chnd ne balak azimullah khan ko ek angrez adhikari hilarsadan ke ghar ki saphaee ka kam dilava diya. isake do varsh bad hi unaki man ka bhi intakal ho gaya.[1]

adhyapak

ab azimullah khan angrez adhikari hilarsadan ke yahan rahane lage. hilarsadan aur unaki patni sahriday log the. unake yahan azimullah khan naukar ki tarah nahin balki parivar ke ek sadasy ke roop men rah rahe the. ghar ka kam karate hue unhonne hilarsadan ke bachchon ke sath angrezi aur phrench bhasha bhi sikh li. isake bad hilarsadan ki madad se unhonne skool men dakhila bhi le liya. skool ki padhaee samapt hone ke pashchath hilarsadan ki sipharish se usi skool men unhen adhyapak ki naukari bhi mil gayi.

prasiddhi

skool men adhyapakon ke sath azimullah khan maulavi nisar ahamad aur pndit gajanan mishr se urdoo, farasi, hindi aur snskrit bhi sikhane men lage rahe. isi ke sath ab ve desh ki rajanitik, arthik tatha dharmik, samajik sthitiyon men tatha desh ke itihas men bhi ruchi lene lage. usake vishay men adhikadhik janakariyan lene aur usaka adhyayan karane men jut gaye. isake phalasvaroop ab azimullah khan kanapur men us samay ke vidvanh samaj ka ek mahattvapoorn hissa ban gaye. unaki prasiddhi ek aise vidvanh ke roop men hone lagi, jo angrezi rng men rnga hone ke vavajood angrezi hukoomat ka himayati nahin tha.

nana sahab ke salahakar

azimullah khan ki yah prasiddhi kanapur ke samip bithoor rah rahe nana sahab tak bhi pahunch gee. angrez gavarnar-janaral laaurd dalahauzi ki hukoomat ne bajirav dvitiy ke dattak putr hone ke nate nana sahab ki ath lakh rupaye ki varshik penshan bnd kar di thi. unhonne azimullah khan ko apane yahan bulaya aur apana pradhan salahakar niyukt kar diya. azimullah khan ne vahan rahakar ghudasavari, talavarabaji evn yuddh kala bhi sikhi.[1]

videsh yatra

bad ke samay men azimullah khan nana sahab ki penshan ki arji lekar inglaind gaye. inglaind men unaki mulaqat satara rajy ke pratinidhi rngoli bapoo se huee. rngoli bapoo satara ke raja ke rajy ka dava pesh karane ke lie landan gaye hue the. satara ke raja ke dave ko 'eest indiya kampani' ke 'bord aauf dayarektar' ne kharij kar diya. azimullah khan ko bhi apane penshan ke dave ka andaja pahale hi ho gaya. antat: vahi hua bhi. bataya jata hai ki rngoli bapoo ke sath batachit men azimullah khan ne in halaton men angrezi shasan ke viruddh sashastr vidroh ki anivaryata ko jahir kiya tha. phir isi nishchay ke sath donon bharat vapas laute. azimullah khan vahan se tarki ki rajadhani kustunatuniya a gaye aur phir roos pahunche.

pratham svatntrata sngram men yogadan

un dinon roos v inglaind men yuddh jari tha. yah bhi kaha jata hai ki azimullah khan ne angrezon ke viruddh roosiyon se madad lene ka bhi prayas kiya tha. azimullah khan ke bharat lautane ke bad hi 1857 ee. ke sngram ki taiyari men tezi a gee. hindustani sainikon men vidroh ki jvala dhadhakane ke lie sena men lal rng ke kamal ghumane tatha am janata men chapati ghumane ke jariye vidroh ka nimntran dene ke apusht par bahucharchit prayas tej hue.

nidhan

azimullah khan ke rashtr prem aur rashtr ke prati samarpan ka bhi itihas raha hai. unaki mrityu ke bare men yah mana jata hai ki azimullah khan angrezi sena ke viruddh ladate hue kanapur ke pas ahirana namak sthan par mare gaye. ek kathan yah bhi hai ki nana sahab ki har aur phir nepal jane ke sath azimullah khan bhi nepal pahunch gaye the. vahan varsh 1859 ke ant men yani 39 varsh ki ayu men unaka nidhan ho gaya.[1]


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tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 pratham rashtragit ke rachanakar (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 1 march, 2013.

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